Educational Psychology

Timeline created by ManaLo
  • 1,300 BCE

    Hebrew Tradition

    Hebrew Tradition
    During Passover service the leader told the story to his sons according to their individual services. Simplifying it the smaller they were.
  • -500 BCE

    Democritus

    Democritus
    Wrote on the advantages conferred by schooling and the influence of the home in learning.
  • -400 BCE

    Aristotle and Plato

    Aristotle and Plato
    Discuss the kinds of education appropriate to different kinds of people, the training of the body and the cultivation of psychomotor skills, the formation of good character, the possibilities and limits of moral education, the effects of music and other artes in the development, the role of the teacher, the relations between teachers and students, the means and methods of teaching the nature of learning and learning apart from a teacher.
  • 35

    Quintilian

    Quintilian
    Argued in favor of public rather then private education to preserve democratic ideals. He condemned physical force as a method of discipline
  • 1492

    Juan Luis Vives

    Juan Luis Vives
    He talked about systematic presentation of facts; that what is to be learned must be practiced, about the need to adjust instruction to all students, the schools work in moral growth, a student's needs to be evaluated on their own accomplishments and not compared to others.
  • Comenius

    Comenius
    Wrote about development theory and the use of visual aids in instruction. He taught understanding as the goal of instruction not memory.
  • Johann Friederich Herbart

    Johann Friederich Herbart
    Wrote about the schema theory; He promoted the five formal steps for teaching: Preparation, Presentation, Comparison, Generalization, Application
  • William James

    William James
    He believed that science did not create direct solutions in education but only provided mere help to teachers. He rejected those who viewed the mission of the school as curriculum bound with the teachers only importing facts.
  • G. Stanley Hall

    G. Stanley Hall
    Founder of the child- study movement and developmental psychology. He experimented with teachers and students in real environments and gathered never before seen information( to many it was unreliable due to lack of educated assets)
  • John Dewey

    John Dewey
    He believed in democratic learning as well as learning by doing. He emphasized the importance of context in education and saw vocational and academic education as two sides of the same idea. His goal was to create critical thinking in a democratic environment.
  • Edward Lee Thorndike

    Edward Lee Thorndike
    His theories were child centered and mentioned the importance of studying the different aptitudes of individuals. His goals were to prepare students for careers in modern economy and implemented testing systems to determine student's capabilities. He also believed there were laws of learning that applied to all humans.