Early Explorers

Timeline created by Parker 5 J
In History
  • 1000

    Leif Eriksson

    Leif Eriksson
    He was a viking sailor who left Scandinavia and landed in present-day Canada. He was the first European in North America.
  • 1487

    Bartolomeu Dias

    Bartolomeu Dias
    Discovered southern tip of Africa and called it "The Cape of Good Hope." He was sponsored by Portugal.
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    He tried to get to Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic, but instead landed in the Americas. He was sponsored by Spain.
  • 1497

    John Cabot

    John Cabot
    He was sponsored by England. He was sent to look for a Northern sea route to Asia.
  • 1498

    Vasco da Gama

    Vasco da Gama
    He found a sea route to Asia and sailed along the coast of Africa, all the way to India. He was sponsored by Portugal.
  • 1498

    Pedro Alvarez Cabral

    Pedro Alvarez Cabral
    He claimed the country of Brazil in South America for Portugal and set a settlement there.
  • 1499

    Amerigo Vespucci

    Amerigo Vespucci
    He explored the coast of South America. His voyage was sponsored by Spain.
  • 1513

    Vasco Nunez de Balboa

    Vasco Nunez de Balboa
    He was the first European to see and claim the Pacific ocean for Spain.
  • 1513

    Juan Ponce de Leon

    Juan Ponce de Leon
    He was sponsored by Spain. He was the first person from Spain to land at Florida. He searched for "The Fountain of Youth."
  • 1519

    Hernan Cortes

    Hernan Cortes
    He conquered the Aztec Empire and took their gold making him and Spain very rich. He was sponsored by Spain.
  • 1520

    Ferdinand Magellan

    Ferdinand Magellan
    He sailed completly around the world or circumnavigated. He was sponsored by Portugal.
  • 1524

    Giovanni de Varrazano

    Giovanni de Varrazano
    He was sponsored by France. He was sent to look for another northern route. He explored present-day Nova Scotia to the Carolinas.
  • 1528

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
    He went to Florida, Mexico, then Texas. He enslaved an African named Estevanico and conquered Native Americans.He was sponsored by Spain.
  • 1531

    Francisco Pizarro

    Francisco Pizarro
    He conquered the Inca empire in Cuzco, Peru. He was sponsored by Spain. He took the riches that they had as well.
  • 1535

    Jacques Cartier

    Jacques Cartier
    he was sponsored by France. He sailed up the St. Lawrence River hoping to make it to the Pacific and failed.
  • 1540

    Francisco Vasquez de Coronado

    Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
    He was sponsored by Spain. He went through Mexico, Arizona, and New Mexico. He looked for gold but didn't find any.
  • 1541

    Hernando de Soto

    Hernando de Soto
    He was sponsored by Spain. He crossed the Mississippi River.
  • 1542

    Juan Cabrillo

    Juan Cabrillo
    He was sponsored by Spain. He was the first to see what is now California. Rather than wealth, he gained knowledge from the Navive Americans there about economics.
  • Henry Hudson

    Henry Hudson
    He was sponsored by the Netherlands. He found the Hudson River. The next year he found the Hudson bay.
  • Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette

    Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette
    They were sponsored by France. He sailed the Mississippi River looking for precious metals.
  • Robert Cavelier de La Salle

    Robert Cavelier de La Salle
    He was sponsored by France. He sailed the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico. He claimed the land for France, naming it Louisiana.