Dynasties that ruled the Delhi Sultanate

Timeline created by spogmai malik
In History
  • 1,290 BCE

    The Khiljis

    The Khiljis
    The Khilji dynasty was a Muslim dynasty which ruled large parts of the Indian subcontinent between 1290 and 1320. It was founded by Jalaluddin Khilji and became the second dynasty to rule the Delhi Sultanate of India.The Khiljis were of Turko-Afghan origin.They were Turkish people that had settled in Afghanistan before moving to Delhi.The dynasty is known for their faithlessness and ferocity, conquests into the Hindu south, and for successfully fending off the repeated Mongol invasions of India
  • Jan 1, 1290

    Jalaluddin Khilji (Khilji Dynasty)

    Jalaluddin Khilji (Khilji Dynasty)
    As regards an estimate of Jalaluddin, he was successful general before becoming the king but gave up the policy of aggression after becoming the Sultan. He followed the policy of peace and reconciliation towards all. He was very modest. It is stated that he did not ride in the courtyard of the palace of Balban and also refused to sit upon it on the ground that he used to stand before it as a servant. . He defeated the Mongol so that his people and his palace was safe and sound .
  • Jan 1, 1296

    Alauddin Khilji (Khilji Dynasty)

    Alauddin Khilji (Khilji Dynasty)
    Alauddin Khilji was the nephew and son-in-law of Jalaluddin Khilji. He had won great reputation as a soldier. He murdered his uncle Jalaluddin, he went to Delhi to acquire the throne. Alauddin was not only a great military leader but a great administrator.He brought peace in the country.Alauddin cared for his people and so he maintained the prices of the food items so that everyone could afford them.He had a strong army and punished the Mongols so terribly that they dared not to attack again.
  • Jan 1, 1320

    The Tughlaq Dynasty

    The Tughlaq Dynasty
    The Tughlaq dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Turko-Indian origin which ruled over the Delhi sultanate in medieval India. Its reign started in Delhi when Ghazi Malik assumed the throne under the title of Ghiyath Tughluq. The dynasty ended in 1413.The dynasty expanded its territorial reach through a military campaign led by Muhammad Tughluq . Its rule was marked with torture, cruelty and rebellions, resulting in the rapid disintegration of the dynasty's territorial reach after 1335 AD
  • Jan 1, 1320

    Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq

    Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq
    Ghiyasud-din Tughlaq was the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty. He repulsed the Mongol trespassers many times. He murdered Khurso Khan, and turned into the Sultan. He built strong defence so he could keep the mongols away and he was very kind to his rulers . He administrated his kingdom very nicely and he was very ambitious as he was always conquering new territories .
  • Jan 1, 1325

    Sultan Muhammad Tughlaq (Tughlaq Dynasty)

    Sultan Muhammad Tughlaq (Tughlaq Dynasty)
    Muhammad was a man of ideals who attempted as far as possible, to rule on the principles of reason. He was a knowledgeable mathematician and a logician.Muhammad increased the taxes of the peasants. However, a famine in the region made condition worse.
    Muhammad decided to issue coins of copper.This idea would have worked if he had strictly told the government body to issue token coins.But it did not happen rather many people started making copper tokens and the Sultan therefore had no control.
  • Jan 1, 1351

    Feroz Shah Tughlaq (Tughlaq dynasty)

    Feroz Shah Tughlaq (Tughlaq dynasty)
    British called Feroz Shah as the father of the irrigation department, he built many canals . He established a separate department for slaves and constructed Sarais which is a rest house for merchants and traders. He preferred to develop his kingdom internally. He introduced many reforms to the country and raised the level of peace and happiness among his people. He had seen the fate of Muhammad Tughlaq and was anxious to win the favour of powerful religious leaders and orthodox Muslim nobility.
  • Jan 1, 1414

    Sayyid Dynasty

    Sayyid Dynasty
    The Sayyid dynasty was the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. Founded by Khizr Khan , they succeeded the Tughlaq dynasty and ruled the sultanate until they were displaced by the Lodi dynasty. Khizr Khan, who was the governor of Multan and Timur's deputy in India. This dynasty ruled for 37 years from 1414 to 1451 AD by four rulers- Khizr Khan, Mubarak, Muhammad Shah, Alam Shah.
  • Feb 1, 1414

    Malik Khizr Khan (Sayyid Dynasty)

    Malik Khizr Khan (Sayyid Dynasty)
    Khizar khan was a pious, generous and truthful man these are the excellences of the Prophet’s character that was the reason he was considered as Sayyid. He did not swear any royal title as he had took advantage of the disordered situation in India after Timur’s invasion. He brought parts of Surat, Dilapur, and Punjab under his control but he lost Bengal, Deccan, Gujarat, Jaunpur, Khandesh and Malwa. Khizr Khan also stopeed and defeated the rebellions so that he could rule effeciently .
  • Jan 1, 1451

    Lodhi Dynasty

    Lodhi Dynasty
    The Lodi dynasty was an Afghan dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate from 1451 to 1526. It was the last dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, and was founded by Bahlul Khan Lodi when he replaced the Sayyid dynasty. This dynasty started when Bahlul Lodhi, the governor during the Sayyid’s period assumed change as a Sultan in 1451.In fact, the last Sayyid ruler, Ala-ud-Din willingly handed over power to him.
  • Feb 1, 1451

    Bahlul Lodhi (Lodhi Dynasty)

    Bahlul Lodhi (Lodhi Dynasty)
    Bahlol was not only the founder of the Lodhi dynasty but was responsible for its strength and glory. He was successful in subduing the various chiefs who could defy the central power. He was able to establish the prestige of the empire on a firm footing. His great achievement was the annexation of Jaunpur which defied him for many years. Bahlol was forced to spend most of his time in fighting wars and consequently there was hardly any time left for civil administration .
  • Jan 1, 1489

    Sikander Lodhi (Lodhi Dynasty)

    Sikander Lodhi (Lodhi Dynasty)
    Sikander looked after the administration nicely. He weakened the chiefs and strengthens his own position. He insisted on the auditing of the accounts of the Afghan Nobles even at the risk of their displeasure. The Sultan encouraged agriculture . Traders and merchants were helped in every way to do their work in peace and security. Under the orders of Sultan lists of poor people were prepared every year and they were given Ration for six months. Prisoners were released on certain days in a year .
  • Jan 1, 1517

    Ibrahim Lodhi (Lodhi Dynasty)

    Ibrahim Lodhi (Lodhi Dynasty)
    He was intelligent, courageous and brave. He had some reputation for piety and orthodoxy. Like his father he was interested in music. As a man, he was generous and kind, but as a ruler he had many weaknesses and he lacked qualities of generalship and seldom took the field himself. That is why in the battle against Babur he lost . But overall Ibrahim was a kind and good ruler .