Charles Darwin

Timeline created by maikonardell
In History
  • The Origin of Darwin

    The Origin of Darwin
    Darwin was born in 1809, into a wealthy, well-educated family that lived in Shrewsbury, England. He was quiet and well mannered, however curious and loved natural history and exploring nature (Browne& Wyhe) & (Galapagos Conservation Trust). Photo retrieved from (Jane Austen's London).
  • School starts

    Starts attending a boarding school in Shrewsbury.
    (Browne & Wyhe)
  • Admission to University

    Admission to University
    Darwin is sent to the University of Edinburgh to study medicine.
    (Browne & Wyhe) Photo retrieved from (Stewart)
  • Dropping Out

    Being bored with academic content and aversion to blood, he disliked life in university. He was more fascinated by the diversity of the natural world according to actual experience through childhood experiences in nature and ended up leaving the university in 1827 without getting a degree and without getting a degree.
  • New Start

    Darwin enters Christ's College in Cambridge by his father's wish. He learns theology, classics, and mathematics. Darwin devoted himself to Natural History and insect collection (Galapagos Conservation Trust) & (The Biography.com)
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  • Graduation and Bon Voyage!

    Graduation and Bon Voyage!
    After graduating from Cambridge University in 1831, his teacher Henslow introduced him to HMS Beagle, a British Navy survey ship destined to South America for a survey, and also made multiple stops for exploration while sailing around the world. Darwin first observed volcanoes and nature in Cape Verde on the way to North America and started keeping his voyage journal (Browne & Wyhe) & (The Biography.com). Photo retrieved from (McNamara)
  • The Galapagos island

    During sailing all over the world, Darwin discovers fossils, witnesses different characteristics, patterns, and diversity of organisms that are well adapted to the geological features and environment. He also notices that the shape of bird beaks differ from island to island (Browne & Wyhe) & (Galapagos Conservation Trust). Such discoveries and observations lead to the proposal of a revolutionary hypothesis. If characteristics of earth change, so do life on earth.
  • Return to home land

    After returning to England in Oct 1836, Darwin moves to Cambridge to organize his collection and rewrite his voyage journal for publication (The Biography.com). He felt that throughout this voyage, the fauna and flora across the Southern Hemisphere created the species independently, which cannot be thought of as immutable since then. Changes in the continent have created new habitats, and have come to the idea that organisms can adapt to the changes(Galapagos Conservation Trust).
  • The Voyage of the Beagle

    Publishes The Voyage of the Beagle. Work reference:
    Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882. The Voyage of the Beagle. London : New York :Dent; Dutton, 1959.
  • Publication of 'On the Origin of Species'

    Publication of 'On the Origin of Species'
    'On the Origin of Species' advocates that the theory of evolution as the most powerful scientific explanation of natural diversity. This book gained unexpected popularity. Reference of one of his major works:
    Darwin, Charles. On the Origin of Species: By means of natural selection. London, John Murray, 1859. Photo retrieved from (St. John's College University of Cambridge).
  • 2nd Edition of The Origin of Species

    2nd edition of the book is published, followed by 3rd edition in the following year. Additional editions are to be published every 3-4 years. He also publishes many other scholarly books, almost every year (Browne & Wyhe).
  • Darwinism on the rise

    Darwinism focus on the idea that all organisms evolve with natural selection. The evolution originates from mutations, and some of the mutations are inherited to their offspring, bringing advantages to survival, reproduction, and adaptation to the environment (The Biography.com) & (Galapagos Conservation Trust) . Natural selection occurs when individual organisms compete for limited resources and repeat efforts to continue to exist. In other words, only the strong survive.
  • Video Files, Darwinism

    “Darwinism- Darwins Theory of Natural Selection.” Youtube, uploaded by Zoologist Ammar, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DyAe-jG8jtk “Charles Darwin - The Theory Of Natural Selection.” YouTube, uploaded by Chris Mochinski, 11 May 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vnktXHBvE8s
  • Social Darwinism

    The idea of Darwinism can be also applied to society, called 'Social Darwinism', which was developed by a sociologist Herbert Spencer. It is often used to explain social and economic issues and emphasizes the importance of fitness and compatibility within society, and often rationalize discrimination, imperialism, disparities, and inequality as well as artificial selection (The Biography.com).
  • Paradigm shift

    He proposed that natural selection is a process behind evolution and established evolutionary biology based on his observations, and experiments and presented evidence. His idea and concepts were also supported and further developed by fellow scientists and philosophers such as Alfred Russel Wallace and Herbert Spencer (Browne & Wyhe) & (The Biography.com), which then spread and was widely accepted to the world, triggering a paradigm shift.
  • The Passing of Darwin

    Darwin passes away at 73 due to heart disease. Old Darwin was suffering from chronic fatigue and weakness, however, he never stopped his research and publications until his later years (Galapagos Conservation Trust) & (Browne & Wyhe). His experiments and observations on evolution covered a broad spectrum of plants and marine/terrestrial animals, achieving significant and noteworthy results in scientific history.