Chapter 5 Timeline

Timeline created by Ailenfleites
In History
  • The American Colonial Period

    The American Colonial Period
    The Role of Teachers- The educators were not allowed to smoke, drink, date or even marry. They were required to attend church and participate in civic events. They were expected to teach and to act as examples for the children.
    School Curriculum- Schools were mostly focused on basic reading, writing, math and religion. Wealthy kids learned Latin, Greek and advanced math. Girls also had the option of learning home managements skills. The wealthy ones had the opportunity of study literature.
  • Massachusetts Education Law- The American Colonial Period

    Massachusetts Education Law- The American Colonial Period
    Early Colonial Period believed in the importance of reading the Bible and that everyone needed to do it. Their way of reaching this religious goal was through education and schools. So, in 1642 they established the Massachusetts law that stated that every town needed to have their own school.
  • The American Early National Period

    The American Early National Period
    The Role of Teachers- As the previous period, teachers continued to be models for their students. Now they taught about obeying laws and rules.
    School Curriculum- Continued teaching the basic of reading, writing, and math with religious principles. Something new was that now the students learned Greek, Roman and English and American history.
  • Thomas Jefferson- The American Early National Period

    Thomas Jefferson- The American Early National Period
    Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the United States. He believed that education was a key factor to our society. He wanted to provide free elementary education to everyone. A big educational accomplishment was that he established the University of Virginia.
  • The McGuffey's Readers- American Common School Period

    The McGuffey's Readers- American Common School Period
    The McGuffey's Readers were a series of books used in multiply schools. These books taught about moral lessons, reading, history, biology, botany, literature and speech.
  • The American Common School Period

    The American Common School Period
    The Role of Teachers- More women now could enroll into the teaching profession. However, schoolhouses where one teacher teaching all grades. These teachers had a low salaries since schools were expensive to run.
    School Curriculum- The subjects taught was basically the same, however the change came in how they were taught.
  • Horace Mann- The American Common School Period

    Horace Mann- The American Common School Period
    Horace Mann was the first secretary of the State Board of Education in Massachusetts. He believed that everyone deserved the chance to go to school no matter their gender or economic status. He created the normal schools which states that all schools needed to become normalized and similar to each other. Also, he established free libraries and used taxes to pay for education.
  • African- American Education during the American Common School Period

    African- American Education during the American Common School Period
    During this time many many African-American schools excited. In the South many laws existed that prohibited the education of slaves. However after the Civil War the first African-American college were founded, examples are Spellman College for women and Howard University. The African schools lacked the funds to provide for the students and regular ones were strictly segregated.
  • The Morrill Act- American Common School Period

    The Morrill Act- American Common School Period
    The Morrill Act gave a land to each state to establish colleges. This made higher education available to more Americans.
  • Kindergarten- American Common School Period

    Kindergarten- American Common School Period
    Kindergarten were established, now songs and games were used in schools. Prior to 1870 young children did not attended schools until they were about seven years.
  • The American Progressive Period

    The American Progressive Period
    The Role of Teachers- Teachers are now consider professionals. The labor union was formed in order to protect the rights of teachers. More women became teachers and few reached the position of principals.
    School Curriculum- It was super standardized. However, with a little bit of time the school changed to be more about critical thinking and more independent. Thousands of public high schools were created.
  • John Dewey- The American Progressive Period

    John Dewey- The American Progressive Period
    John Dewey was an educational philosopher, writer and psychologist. He believed that students learned best through real life activities and by doing projects and discussions. Also, he believed that schools should focus on problem-solving skills.
  • Smith- Hughes Act of 1917- The American Progressive Period

    Smith- Hughes Act of 1917- The American Progressive Period
    This act created federal funds to support vocational education, which prepared students for specific trades and occupations.
  • "Dick and Jane"- The 1920s and The Great Depression Era

    "Dick and Jane"- The 1920s and The Great Depression Era
    "Dick and Jane" books were a new set of textbooks that taught basic reading skills. Similar to McGuffey's book, this textbook helped standardize education since more than 85 million students used it.