Chapter 22

Timeline created by Rebecca Ellinger
In History
  • -300 BCE

    Aristotle explained the geocentric theory.

    Aristotle explained the geocentric theory.
  • 100

    Ptolemy supported the geocentric theory.

    Ptolemy supported the geocentric theory.
  • 1543

    Nicolaus Copernicus reasoned the heliocentric theory.

    Nicolaus Copernicus reasoned the heliocentric theory.
  • 1543

    Andreas Vesalius published On the Fabric of the Human Body - detailing dissection of human bodies.

    Andreas Vesalius published On the Fabric of the Human Body - detailing dissection of human bodies.
  • Zacharias Janssen invented the microscope.

    Zacharias Janssen invented the microscope.
  • The Baroque Period began in art, music, and architecture.

    The Baroque Period began in art, music, and architecture.
    Composers included Bach and Handel.
  • Johannes Kepler published the first two laws of planetary motion.

    Johannes Kepler published the first two laws of planetary motion.
  • William Harvey showed that the heart acted as a pump to circulate blood throughout the body.

    William Harvey showed that the heart acted as a pump to circulate blood throughout the body.
  • Francis Bacon published Novum Organum which encouraged the experimental method.

    Francis Bacon published Novum Organum which encouraged the experimental method.
  • Galileo was put under house arrest by an Inquisition for supporting Copernicus's theory.

    Galileo was put under house arrest by an Inquisition for supporting Copernicus's theory.
  • Rene Descartes published Discourse on Method which set forth his reasoning.

    Rene Descartes published Discourse on Method which set forth his reasoning.
  • Galileo developed the law of the pendulum.

    Galileo developed the law of the pendulum.
  • Evangelista Torricelli developed the first mercury barometer.

    Evangelista Torricelli developed the first mercury barometer.
  • Thomas Hobbes pubished Leviathan - a social contract.

    Thomas Hobbes pubished Leviathan - a social contract.
    People give up rights to a strong ruler who maintains order.
  • Robert Boyle created Boyle's law.

    Robert Boyle created Boyle's law.
  • John Locke explained his theory of "natural rights".

    John Locke explained his theory of "natural rights".
    The Natural Rights include life, liberty and property.
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek saw red blood cells for the first time.

    Anton van Leeuwenhoek saw red blood cells for the first time.
  • Isaac Newton published his law of gravity.

    Isaac Newton published his law of gravity.
  • Mary Astell wrote A Serious Proposal to the Ladies - addressing the lack of education opportunities for women.

    Mary Astell wrote A Serious Proposal to the Ladies - addressing the lack of education opportunities for women.
  • Gabriel Fahrenheit made the first thermometer to use mercury in glass

    Gabriel Fahrenheit made the first thermometer to use mercury in glass
    32 degrees = freezing; 212 degrees = boiling
  • Francois-Marie Arouet changing his name to Voltaire and goes on to champion individual freedoms.

    Francois-Marie Arouet changing his name to Voltaire and goes on to champion individual freedoms.
  • Emilie du Chatalet (a mathematician and physicist) translated Newton's work from Latin into French.

    Emilie du Chatalet (a mathematician and physicist) translated Newton's work from Latin into French.
  • The enlightened despot, Frederick II, began his rule of Prussia.

    The enlightened despot, Frederick II, began his rule of Prussia.
  • Anders Celsius created a scale for the mercury thermometer.

    Anders Celsius created a scale for the mercury thermometer.
    0 degrees = freezing; 100 degrees= boiling
  • Denis Diderot published the first volume of the Encyclopedia - a collection of enlightened thinkers works.

    Denis Diderot published the first volume of the Encyclopedia - a collection of enlightened thinkers works.
  • Montesquieu published On the Spirit of Laws - detailing separation of powers in government.

    Montesquieu published On the Spirit of Laws - detailing separation of powers in government.
  • Marie-Therese Geoffrin held her first salon of philosophes.

    Marie-Therese Geoffrin held her first salon of philosophes.
  • The Classical Period began in art, music, and architecture.

    The Classical Period began in art, music, and architecture.
    Composers include Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven.
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote The Social Contract - free individuals create a society and government

    Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote The Social Contract - free individuals create a society and government
  • The enlightened despot, Catherine the Great, began her rule of Russia.

    The enlightened despot, Catherine the Great, began her rule of Russia.
  • Cesare Beccaria published On Crimes and Punishments - railing against common abuses of justice.

    Cesare Beccaria published On Crimes and Punishments - railing against common abuses of justice.
  • Joseph Priestly discovered Oxygen.

    Joseph Priestly discovered Oxygen.
  • Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence.

    Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence.
  • Antoine Lavoisier discovered and named gas oxygen.

    Antoine Lavoisier discovered and named gas oxygen.
  • The enlightened despot, Joseph II, began his rule of Austria.

    The enlightened despot, Joseph II, began his rule of Austria.
  • The U.S. enacted the Constitution - establishing a federal system, separation of powers, checks and balances.

    The U.S. enacted the Constitution - establishing a federal system, separation of powers, checks and balances.
  • The U.S. Congress added the Bill of Rights (first 10 amendments) to the Constitution.

    The U.S. Congress added the Bill of Rights (first 10 amendments) to the Constitution.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Women - promoting women's education as virtuous.

    Mary Wollstonecraft wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Women - promoting women's education as virtuous.
  • Edward Jenner introduced a vaccine to prevent small pox.

    Edward Jenner introduced a vaccine to prevent small pox.