Beginning of the Holocene geologic epoch.
Wadi Faynan cite16Wadi Faynan site 16 is located in the Wadi Faynan area of Southern Jordan. Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) approximately 9650 BCE
Jerf el-AmarLocated in N Syria.
Gobekli TepeIs an archaeological site in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey
Mesopotamia.Sumerian civilization first took form in southern Mesopotamia around 4000 BCE
CuneiformCuneiform is developed and used by Ancient Sumerians
Unification of Ancient EgyptArchaic 3100-2660 BCE. Unification of Egypt.
Old Kingdom 2660-2180 BCE. Construction of the pyramids.
First Intermediate 2180-2080 BCE. Political chaos.
Middle Kingdom 2080- 1640 BCE. Recovery and political stability.
Second Intermediate 1640 -1570 BCE. Instability resulting from struggles for power and Hyksos migrations.
New Kingdom 1570-1070 BCE. Creation of an Egyptian empire; growth in wealth.
Third Intermediate 1100-653 BCE. Political fragmentation and conquest by outsiders
Assyria Empire BeginsEarly Period (2500 - 2025 BCE),
Old Assyrian Empire (2025 BC - 1378 BCE),
Middle Assyrian Empire (1392 - 934 BCE)
Neo-Assyrian Empire (911 - 609 BCE).
Akkadian EmpireKing Sargon of Akkad conquered and units all Sumerians and Akkadian speakers under one rule.
King Hammurabi1792-1750. Hammurabi is the first great king of the Old Babylonian Empire. The Code of Hammurabi.
Hittites Empire beginsOld Kingdom approximately 1700 - 1500 BCE
Middle Kingdom/ Hittite Empire begins approximately 1400 BCE
Phrygian sack and burn major Hittite cities approximately 1200 BCE
End of the Hittites approximately 700 BCE
Hittites sack Old BabyloniaHittites sack and occupy Babylonia