Period:2,950 BCEto2,575 BCE
Early Dynastic Period (Dynasties I - III)The Ancient Egyptian civilizations begins. The first Pharaoh of Egypt, Menes, united the Upper and Lower parts of Egypt into a single civilization. He put capital at the midpoint of the two lands in a city called Memphis. During this time the Egyptians developed hieroglyphic writing important for making records and running the government.
Near the end of the Dynastic Period and the start of the Old Kingdom, the first pyramid is built by the Pharaoh Djoser and the famous Egypt Architect Imhotep.
Period:2,575 BCEto2,150 BCE
Old Kingdom (Dynasties IV - VIII)The fourth dynasty begins and the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx are built. This is an often called the Age of the Pyramids.
Period:2,150 BCEto1,975 BCE
First Intermediate Period (Dynasties IX - XI)Egypt splits back into two counties. The old Kingdom end and the first Intermediate period begins.
Period:1,975 BCEto1,640 BCE
Middle Kingdom (Dynasties XI - XIV)The Pharaoh Mentuhotep II reunites the two parts of Egypt under one rule signaling the start of the Middle Kingdom. The royal tombs are moved to the north near the city of Memphis. The Egyptians start to use irrigation to carry from the Nile to their crops.
Period:1,640 BCEto1,520 BCE
Second Intermediate Period (Dynasties XV - XVII)The Middle Kingdom ends and the Second Intermediate Period begins. Some of the dynasties at the end of the middle kingdom and during this period only last for a short time. The horse and chariots are introduced during this period.
Period:1,520 BCEto1,075 BCE
New Kingdom (Dynasties XVIII - XX)The New Kingdom is the time of greatest prosperity for the Ancient Egyptian civilization. During this time the Pharaohs conquer the most the most lands and the Egyptian Empire reaches its peak.
Period:1,075 BCEto-653 BCE
Third Intermediate Period (Dynasties XXI - XXIV)The New Kingdom comes to end when Egypt becomes divided. Third Intermediate Period begins. Egypt grows weaker and is eventually conquered by the Assyrian Empire near the end of this period.
Period:-653 BCEto-332 BCE
Late Period (Dynasties XXV - XXX)The late period begins as the Assyrians leave Egypt and the locals regain control from vassals left by the Assyrians.