American History Timeline 1800-1876

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In History
  • Washington, D.C. becomes the capital of the United States

    Washington, D.C. becomes the capital of the United States
    The capital city is moved from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C.
  • Gabriel Prosser Revolt

    Gabriel Prosser Revolt
    A slave blacksmith called Gabriel Prosser organized a slave revolt in Virginia protesting against slavery. The conspiracy was uncovered and the conspirators were hanged. Virginia's slave laws were tightened further.
  • Thomas Jefferson is president

    Thomas Jefferson is president
    Thomas Jefferson is inaugurated as the third president of the United States.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    The United States pays France $15 million to purchase the Louisiana territory. This made the United States almost double in size.
  • Thomas Jefferson reelected

    Thomas Jefferson reelected
    Thomas Jefferson serves another term as US President.
  • Louis and Clark set out on their expedition

    Louis and Clark set out on their expedition
    Louis and Clark set out from St. Louis, Missouri, on a journey to the West to find a possible road to the Pacific Ocean.
  • James Madison becomes president

    James Madison becomes president
    James Madison is inaugurated as President of the United States.
  • War of 1812 begins

    War of 1812 begins
    The United States declares war to the British for interference in their expansion to the west.
  • Star Spangled Banner is written

    Star Spangled Banner is written
    Francis Scott Key writes the poem "Star-Spangled Banner" as he watches the British attacking Fort McHenry.
  • The War of 1812 ends

    The War of 1812 ends
    The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in which border issues were settled.
  • James Monroe becomes president

    James Monroe becomes president
    James Monroe is inaugurated as the fifth president of the United States.
  • Spain cedes Florida

    Spain cedes Florida
    Spain agrees to cede the land of Florida to the United States due to issues with resources.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Maine is admitted as a free state and Missouri is admitted as a slave state. All other lands north of latitude 36º30' are not allowed to be slave states.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation, which is the first constitution of the United States.
  • John Quincy Adams becomes president

    John Quincy Adams becomes president
    John Quincy Adams is inaugurated as the sixth president of the United States.
  • Andrew Jackson becomes president

    Andrew Jackson becomes president
    Andrew Jackson is inaugurated as the seventh president of the United States.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, which permitted the forced removal of Native American Indians from their lands on the West.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    Nat Turner, a black slave, initiated a bloody rebellion against slavery that lasted for two days in Southampton County, Virginia.
  • Texas becomes independent

    Texas becomes independent
    Texas declared its independence from Mexico, making it a free land.
  • The Alamo

    The Alamo
    All Texan defenders are killed by the Mexican army laying siege on the Alamo.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    The term Manifest Destiny first appears in a magazine article. It represents the idea that the United States are entitled to expand throughout the continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Texas in annexed to the United States

    Texas in annexed to the United States
    Congress decides to annex Texas to the territories of the United States.
  • Mexican War

    Mexican War
    The United States goes to war with Mexico to obtain the California territory.
  • Oregon Treaty

    Oregon Treaty
    The United States acquires the Oregon Territory through the Oregon Treaty, taking it from the British.
  • Mexican War ends

    Mexican War ends
    The Mexican War ends with the signing of the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty in which Mexico cedes the territories of California, Utah, Nevada, New Mexico, and Arizona for $15 million.
  • Harriet Tubman escapes slavery

    Harriet Tubman escapes slavery
    Harriet Tubman escapes slavery and becomes an icon for abolition.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Harriet Beecher Stowe's book, Uncle Tom's Cabin, is published and becomes a pushing force toward abolition.
  • Abraham Lincoln elected president

    Abraham Lincoln elected president
    Abraham Lincoln is elected president after receiving public attention in debates.
  • South Carolina secedes

    South Carolina secedes
    South Carolina secedes from the Union due to the cause that its state's rights were not being respected when it came to slavery.
  • Confederate States of America is formed

    Confederate States of America is formed
    South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana secede from the Union and form the Confederate States of America.
  • The Civil War begins

    The Civil War begins
    Confederates attack Fort Sumter in South Carolina and begin the Civil War.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation frees all slaves in the Confederate States.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address.
  • Confederate surrender

    Confederate surrender
    Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant.
  • Lincoln is assassinated

    Lincoln is assassinated
    Abraham Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at a theater in Washington, D.C.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    The thirteenth amendment, prohibiting slavery, is passed.
  • Alaska Territory acquired

    Alaska Territory acquired
    The United States acquires the Alaska Territory from Russia for the sum of $7.2 million.
  • Chicago Fire

    Chicago Fire
    The Chicago Fire killed about 300 people and left hundreds of thousands homeless.