Age of Exploration to Independence

Timeline created by JP Reckling
In History
  • Period:
    1,800 BCE
    to
    -800 BCE

    The Maya

    The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples the most sophisticated and highly developed writing system in pre Columbia.
  • Period:
    1,200 BCE
    to
    -600 BCE

    The Olmecs

    The Olmecs were the earliest known major Mesoamerican civilization.
  • 1095

    Taking Back the Holy Land

    Taking Back the Holy Land
    The Pope called for a holy war, or a crusade, against the Muslims in the Holy Land.
  • 1200

    Shift in Focus

    Shift in Focus
    Europe shifted its focus to trade or the buying and selling of goods from a farming economy.
  • Period:
    1200
    to
    1521

    The Aztec

    The Aztecs were known foragriculture, cultivating all available land, introducing irrigation, draining swamps, and creating artificial islands in the lakes. They developed a form of hieroglyphic writing, a complex calendar system, and built famous pyramids and temples.
  • 1271

    Marco Polo Begins to Travel

    Marco Polo Begins to Travel
    This is the year that Marco Polo began his trek that would end up being 5,600 miles long.
  • 1289

    End of the Crusades

    End of the Crusades
    The year when trading centers were trending because the Crusades opened the eyes of the Europeans to the rest of the world.
  • 1293

    End of Travel for Polos

    End of Travel for Polos
    The Polos began their journey by ship, returning with ivory, jade, jewels, porcelain, and silk for trade.
  • 1298

    A Hard Year for Polo

    A Hard Year for Polo
    Marco Polo captained a gallery-ship in a battle against Venice's rival city, Genoa. He was captured as a prisoner of war. While he was imprisoned, he wrote a book.
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    The Renaissance

    The Renaissance was a time of "rebirth" in Europe. It was a time for new technology, arts, science, and mathematics.
  • Period:
    1400
    to
    1532

    The Inca

    The Inca Empire, also known as the Incan Empire and the Inka Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America.
  • 1415

    Capturing Africa

    Capturing Africa
    Portuguese captured the Fortress of Ceuta in Africa after exploring Africa for the first time. They hoped to control the global market for gold.
  • 1419

    Portuguese and Madeira Islands

    Portuguese and Madeira Islands
    The Portuguese discovered Madiera Islands.
  • 1427

    Portuguese and Azores Islands

    Portuguese and Azores Islands
    The Portuguese discovered the Azores Islands.
  • 1434

    Successful Return

    Successful Return
    One of Prince Henry's ships finally made a successful return voyage. This success motivated the Portuguese to venture even farther.
  • 1440

    The Printing Press

    The Printing Press
    The most important invention of the Renaissance and perhaps the history of the world is the printing press invented by German Johann Gutenberg around 1440.
  • 1469

    Unification of Catholic Spain

    Unification of Catholic Spain
    The marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castille unified Catholic Spain and began the process of building a nation that could compete for global power.
  • 1488

    Bartolomeu Dias and Africa

    Bartolomeu Dias and Africa
    Bartolomeu Dias finally made it around the tip of Africa, reaching the eastern coast of South Africa in March of 1488.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    October 12th, 1492

    October 12th, 1492
    On October 12th, 1492 Colombus made landfall on an island he named Hispaniola, believing he had landed in the East Indies.
  • 1519

    Pizarro Invades the Inca

    Pizarro Invades the Inca
    Pizarro springs a trap on the Incan emperor Atahualpa. Pizarro's men massacre the Incans and capture Atahualpa, forcing him to convert to Christianity before eventually killing him.
  • 1532

    The Inca fall under pizzaro

    The Inca fall under pizzaro
    The remaining Incas were turned to slavery. Most died due to decease and the soldiers.
  • Thomas hobbes writes leviatain

    Thomas hobbes writes leviatain
    The leviathan was written partly as a response to the fear Hobbes experienced during the political turmoil of the English Civil Wars.
  • John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government

    John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government
    John Locke was present to witness these events and was so compelled by them, he wrote what is known as the Second Treatise on Government.
  • The United States declares Independence July 4

    The United States declares Independence July 4
    Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence
  • France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man

    France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man
    French Revolution that granted civil rights to some commoners, although it excluded a significant segment of the French population.
  • Haiti gains independence

    Haiti gains independence
    the rebels scored a major victory against the French force there, and on November 9, 1803, colonial authorities surrendered. In 1804, General Dessalines assumed dictatorial power.
  • Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence

    Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence
    Bolívar was sent to Spain for his education, soon deciding to immerse himself in the political sphere in Europe. After France invaded Spain. He became involved in the resistance movement and played a key role in the Spanish American fight for independence.
  • Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence

    Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence
    revolutionary forces in northern South America, led by Simón Bolívar, laid the basis for a regular government at a congress in Angostura.
  • Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain

    Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain
    José de San Martín and his forces liberated Peru and proclaimed its independence
  • Mexico gains independence

    Mexico gains independence
    Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest, launched the Mexican War of Independence with the issuing of his Grito de Dolores, or “Cry of Dolores”