Jun 9, 747
First revolt against Umayyad RuleAbu Muslim and almost 10,000 other soldiers initiated an attack in Marv, a city in modern day Iran.
Jan 1, 750
Abbasids take over the UmayyadsA successful revolt by the Abbasids manage to dispose the Umayyad Caliphate and the new Abbasid Capliphate is put into power.
Jan 1, 762
Capital of the Abbasids moves to BaghdadThe capital of the Caliphate was originally in Kufa, however it was moved after 12 years. They chose to go to Baghdad since it was not only right on the Tigris River but it was also closer to their non Muslim supporters, the Persians.
Jan 1, 800
Major Educational AdvancesAround this time, under the rule of Haroon Ar-Rashid, the Middle East was the site of tremendous educational advances and discoveries including the invention of the Scientific Method and Algebra.
Jan 1, 945
Buyids invade BaghdadLocal Rivals from Iran, the Buyids march into the capital of the Abbasids and demand to be considered the rulers of their own territory. This was the first major show of weakness from the Abbasid Caliphate.
Jan 1, 1055
Seljuqs take more power away from CaliphThe Seljuqs, Muslims from Turkey, invaded and took much of the remaining power and influence the Caliph had over most Muslims, however he remained the religious leader of all Muslims.
Jan 1, 1096
First Crusade BeginsThe first of many religious battles between the Christian and Islamic worlds began the intense divide between the two faiths that still exists to this day.
Feb 20, 1258
Mongol Invasion destroys Abbasid CaliphateThe Mongols, as they had done with several other civilizations, like the Kievan Rus and the Kwarzemians, destroyed the capital in Baghdad and slaughtered most of the immediate relatives to the Caliph and the remaining ones were sent back to the Mongols and married off. This ended the Abbasid's rule.... for now.
Jan 1, 1261
Abbasid Calpiphate is reestablished in CairoWhen the Mamluks took power in Egypt, they put the Abbasid Caliphate back on the map, just in a different location, with the capital situated in Cairo.
Jan 1, 1517
Abbasid Caliphate falls againWith the capture of Al-Mutawakkil III, the Abbasid Caliphate had no other rulers left and the empire fell out of power, this time for good.