Civil War Timeline: 1861-1865

Timeline created by steph.ling
In History
  • Abraham Lincoln elected

    Abraham Lincoln elected
    The first republican president is elected, with 40% of the popular vote and 180 of 303 possible electoral votes. Lincoln argued that slaves should have freedom and equal rights which created much contraversy.
  • South Secedes from Union

    South Secedes from Union
    South Carolina is frist to secede from Union, after the vote on secession occurs. Soon after, comes Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas.
  • Creation of the Confederate Army

    Creation of the Confederate Army
    Elected president of the Confederate Army is Jefferson Davis, a former U.S Army Officer
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Confederate Army opens fire on Fort Sumter at 4:30 am in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War has officially begun.
  • Robert. E Lee declines

    Robert. E Lee declines
    Robert E. Lee, 25 year distinguished veteran of the U.S Army, is offered command of the Union Army. However, he declines as he is unable to fight against is state; thus proving, that loyalty to state is more important than loyalty to the union
  • Further secesion from the union

    Virgina secedes from the Union, then followed by Arkansas, Tennesse, and North Carolina.
  • Proclamation of Blockade against Southern Ports

    President Lincoln issues proclamation, preventing rural Southern states from the ability to be well supplied during the war.
  • From Union to Confederacy

    Robert E. Lee resigns from the U.S Army. He then travels to Richmond, Virginia where he is offered command of the military and naval forces of Virginia, and accepts.
  • Bull Run

    Bull Run
    Union army experiences defeat at Bull Run, just southwest of Washington. Union troops fall back into Washington as Lincoln realizes the length this war may be. General Thomas Jackson earns the name, "Stonewall", as his brigade resisted Union attacks.
  • Lincoln's International Diplomatic Crisis

    Two Confederate officials sailing to England are captured; however, England demands their release and threatening war. Lincoln eventually gives in come December.
  • "Unconditional Surrender" Grant

    "Unconditional Surrender" Grant
    Gen. Ulysses S. grant is victorious in capturing Forty Henry, in Tennessee, and ten days later Fort Donelson. He earns the name, "Unconditional Surrender" Grant.
  • Merrimac's Victory

    Merrimac's Victory
    Confederate's ironclad ship, "Merrimac", sinks two Union ships, changing naval warfare forever. Wooden ships become obselete.
  • Surprise at Tennessee

    Surprise at Tennessee
    Confederate's surprise attack Grant's unprepared troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River, resulting in 10,000 Confederates and 13,000 Union killed. Lincoln resisted to the pressured advice to relieve Grant.
  • Battle of Seven Pines

    Battle of Seven Pines
    McClellan's troops are neaerly defeated in the Batlle of Seven Pines; however, General Johnston of the Confederate Army is horribly wounded.
  • Army of Northern Virginia

    Gen. Robert E. Lee assumes command replacing Johnston, leaving McClellan unimpressed.
  • New General-in-chief

    New General-in-chief
    Lincoln hands down position of general-in-chief to General Henry W.
  • 2nd Battle of Bul Run

    2nd Battle of Bul Run
    Union Army again retrears to Washington after 75000 of them are defeated by 55000 Confederates under General Stonewall Jackson.
  • Retreat of E. Lee

    General E. Lee and army are stopped at Antietam, Maryland by McClellan and numerically superior Union Forces. Lee withdraws to Virginia at nightfall after 26000 men are left dead or wounded.
  • Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln creates a preliminary proclamation of emancipation creating possibility of freeing slaves.
  • Defeat of Army of Patomic

    Army of Patomac , under newly appointed commander General Burnside, is defeated at Fredricksburg in Virginia with a loss of 12653 men. Confederate losses are less than half of Union losses.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Lincoln issues final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in terrotories held by Confederates and encourage the enlistment of African-American soldiers.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    Gen. Hooker, replacement for Burnside, is defeated by Lee's much smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia. Hooker retreats, with both sides suffering great losses.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville Ends

  • Stonewall's Death

    Stonewall's Death
    Stonewall Jackson dies due to wounds, which is a huge loss for the south
  • Second Invasion in North

    Gen. E. Lee launches his second invasion in North, (75000 Confederates) which will lead to Gettsyburg.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Confederates are left defeated in Pennsylvania after the three day battle starting on the first of July.
  • Vicksburg

    Union is now in control of mississipi after last Confederate stronghold surrenders to General Grant. Confederacy is effectively split into two.
  • Chattanooga, Tennessee

    General Rosecran of the Union Army is captured under the Confederates in Chattanooga, Tennessee due to a Confederate victory at Chickamauga
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Lincoln makes a two minute speech at a ceremony dedicating the Battlefield
  • Revenge at Chattanooga

    Union forces under Grant defeat the Confederates ending the rebel seige of Charranooga. The battle lasted two days starting on the 23rd.
  • Beginning of the battles

    Beginning of a massive coordinated campaign involving all Union troops
  • Gen. Grant's Mistake

    Gen. Grant's Mistake
    During an offensive against fortified rebels at Cold Harbour in Virginia Grant makes a huge mistake resulting in 7000 Union casualties
  • Missed opportunity at Petersburg

    A nine month seige of Petersburg begins when Union troops miss and opportunity to capture Petersburg and cut off Conederate rail lines.
  • George B. McClellan nominated

    George B. McClellan nominated
    Democrats nominate McClellan to run for president against Lincoln
  • Lincoln is re-elected

    Lincoln is re-elected
    Lincoln is re-elected president, after two Union victories in September and October, with 55% of the popular vote.
  • March to the Sea

    March to the Sea
    After a decisive Union victory, Gen. Sherman being a march to the sea along with 62000 men. He reaches Savannah, offering Lincoln the town as a Christmas present, leaving behind a 300 mile path of destruction all the way from Atlanta.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    U.S congress approces the thirteenth ammendment to abolish slavery. It is yet to be ratified.
  • Failed peace conference

    A peace conference occurs with Lincoln and Confederate V.P Alexander Stephens, but fails and the war continues.
  • Victory at Petersburg

    Victory at Petersburg
    Lee's lines are broken through at Petersburg after Grant's forces begin to advance. Lee evacuates Petersburg after Confederate Gen. Ambrose P. Hill is killed. Richmond is then evacuated, and the next day the Union flag is raised.
  • Gen. E. Lee surrenders

    Robert E. Lee surrenders to Grant and troops at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia.
  • Lincoln's Assassination

    Lincoln's Assassination
    Lincoln and his Mary attend the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre. At 10:13 pm, Lincoln is shot by John Wilks Booth.
  • Lincoln dies

    Lincoln dies
    At 7:22 am Lincoln is dead.
  • Booth is shot dead

    Booth is shot dead
    John Wilkes Booth is shot dead in a tabacco barn in Virginia
  • Burial of Lincoln

    Burial of Lincoln
    Lincoln is laid to rest in Oak Ridges Cemetary, where he suppossedly said to his wife Mary, "I could spend the rest of my life here."
  • 13th Amendment ratified

    The thirteenth ammendment is finally ratified, and slavery is abolished.