Telephone

Timeline created by sakhs
  • First telegraph

    1835

    In 1835, American painter Samuel Morse made the first working electric telegraph using an electromagnet. By 1838 he had also developed the system of dots and dashes which enabled complex messages to be sent. By 1844 he had raised support from Congress and the first telegraph line was opened, from Baltimore to Washington. Morse sent the first message: 'What hath God wrought?'
    1876
  • Period: to

    Telephone

  • First call

    1876

    Alexander Graham Bell made the first telephone call on March 10, 1876, in Boston, through the Liquid Transmitter he had designed. He uttered the first words to be carried over a wire: "Mr. Watson, come here, I want you!"
  • Normal Phones

    1906

    In 1906, a radio engineer named Lee de Forest transmitted a message to an experimental phone in a car idling on a New York street: "How do you like your first wireless ride? The fire department, steamships, and railways ought to adopt the same method of communication." Later he declared: "Hereafter, we hope it will be possible for businessmen, even while automobiling, to stay in constant touch."
  • First commercial call

    1912 The first commercial telephone calls in the UK were made in 1912 when the General Post Office controlled the telephone networks.
  • Telephone Network is introduced

    1946 In 1946 a mobile telephone service (MTS) was introduced by AT&T in the United States. A mobile user who wished to place a call from a radiotelephone had to search manually for an unused 35-megahertz or 150-megahertz band before they could place a call. Only one person could speak at a time and the call direction was controlled by a push-to-talk button on the handset just like a walkie talkie. When mobiles were first launched, each country was limited to its own national area - they could
  • Marketing Predictions

    In the early 1980's the consultants McKinsey & Co were hired by AT&T to forecast the growth in the mobile market until the end of the millennium. They projected a world market of 900,000. Today, 900,000 handsets are sold every three days.
  • Radio Network Licences

    1983 In May 1983 Licences were granted to Cellnet and Vodafone to provide national cellular radio networks in the UK.
  • PRICES,PRICES,PRICES AND PRICES

    1985 1985 saw the emergence of shoulder phones which operated with more than 20kg worth of batteries… which is why they were used mostly in cars. Vodafone and Cellnet opened for business in January 1985. Cellnet's charges were as follows:
    -Lease of cellular phone - £164 per quarter (equivalent of approximately £262 at today's prices)
    -Installation charge - £100 (approximately £160 at today's prices)
    -Connection to Cellnet system - £60 (approximately £96 at today's prices)
  • PRICES,PRICES AND PRICES

    1985 1985 saw the emergence of shoulder phones which operated with more than 20kg worth of batteries… which is why they were used mostly in cars. Vodafone and Cellnet opened for business in January 1985. Cellnet's charges were as follows:
    -Lease of cellular phone - £164 per quarter (equivalent of approximately £262 at today's prices)
    -Installation charge - £100 (approximately £160 at today's prices)
    -Connection to Cellnet system - £60 (approximately £96 at today's prices)
  • FIRST COMMERIAL CALL

    1991 The first call ever placed on a commercial GSM (Global Standard for Mobile) phone was on 1 July 1991. Harri Holkeri, governor of the Bank of Finland, telephoned the mayor of Helsinki to talk about the price of Baltic herring.
  • Going Global

    1993 September 1993 saw the launch of One 2 One, the first GSM 1800 all-digital network in the world
  • Short Message Service

    SMS - the Short Message Service - was launched in 1994 enabling short text messages to be exchanged between mobiles.
  • Uk's Biggest network

    1994 April 1994 Hutchison Microtel announced the launch of its UK network, Orange
  • Call Prices

    1998 In December 1998, Oftel Director General, David Edmonds, announced an intention to implement fully the recommendations made by the MMC following an investigation, made at the request of Oftel, into the price of calls made to mobile phones.
    In 1998 more mobile phones were sold world-wide than cars and PCs combined
  • Same Numbers

    From 1 January 1999, mobile phone customers were able to keep their old number when switching networks. The UK is the first country in the world to give customers this ability.