1955 – 1975

Timeline created by mjh88
In History
  • Gordon Gould, an American physicist, invents the laser

    Gordon Gould, an American physicist, invents the laser
    Gordon Gould, an American physicist, invents the laser. It would take him until 1977 to win a protracted legal battle over patent rights, and he did not start receiving royalties on his work until 1988. Gould was elected to the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1991.
  • President Dwight D. Eisenhower is inaugurated for his second term in office

    President Dwight D. Eisenhower is inaugurated for his second term in office
  • The Federal Bureau of Investigation arrests labor leader Jimmy Hoffa under a bribery charge

  • Alaska becomes the 49th state in the United States

  • John F. Kennedy wins the presidential race

    John F. Kennedy wins the presidential race
    The presidential race to succeed two term president Dwight D. Eisenhower is won by Senator John F. Kennedy, the Democratic candidate from Massachusetts, over incumbent Vice President Richard M. Nixon. Kennedy was a narrow victor in the popular vote, by slightly more than 120,000 votes, but won a more substantial victory in the Electoral College tally, 303 to 219. 62.8% of the voting age population took part in the contest.
  • The Cuban Missile Crises

    The Cuban Missile Crises
    The Cuban Missile Crises begins. In response to the Soviet Union building offensive missiles in Cuba, President John F. Kennedy orders a naval and air blockade of military equipment to the island. An agreement is eventually reached with Soviet Premier Khrushchev on the removal of the missiles, ending the potential conflict after thirty-eight days, in what many think was the closest the Cold War came to breaking into armed conflict.
  • a limited nuclear test-ban treaty

    a limited nuclear test-ban treaty
    The United States, Soviet Union, and Great Britain agree to a limited nuclear test-ban treaty, barring all nuclear testing above ground.
  • Dr. Martin Luther King's famous "I Have a Dream" speech from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.

     Dr. Martin Luther King's famous "I Have a Dream" speech from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.
    The Civil Rights march on Washington, D.C. for Jobs and Freedom culminates with Dr. Martin Luther King's famous "I Have a Dream" speech from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. Over 200,000 people participated in the march for equal rights.
  • President John F. Kennedy assassinated

    President John F. Kennedy assassinated
    In Dallas, Texas, during a motorcade through downtown, President John F. Kennedy is mortally wounded by assassin Lee Harvey Oswald. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn into office later that day. Two days later, Oswald was himself killed on live national television by Jack Ruby while being transported in police custody.
  • President Lyndon B. Johnson wins the election

    President Lyndon B. Johnson wins the election
    President Lyndon B. Johnson wins his first presidential election with a victory over Barry M. Goldwater from Arizona. Johnson extended the Democratic victory by former running mate John F. Kennedy with a 486 to 52 thrashing of the Republican candidate in the Electoral College and over 15 million surplus in the popular vote.
  • The Outer Space Treaty is signed into force by the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union,

    The Outer Space Treaty is signed into force by the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union,
    The Outer Space Treaty is signed into force by the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union, to take effect on October 10, 1967.
  • Martin Luther King is assassinated

    Martin Luther King is assassinated
    Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee while standing on a motel balcony by James Earl Ray.
  • Richard M. Nixon won the presidential election

    Richard M. Nixon won the presidential election
    Richard M. Nixon recaptures the White House from the Democratic party with his victory of Hubert H. Humphrey and 3rd Party candidate George Wallace. Nixon captures 301 Electoral College Votes to 191 for Humphrey and 46 for Wallace.
  • Apollo moon landing

    Apollo moon landing
    The Apollo program completes its mission. Neil Armstrong, United States astronaut, becomes the first man to set foot on the moon four days after launch from Cape Canaveral. His Apollo 11 colleague, Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. accompanies him.
  • Nixonism

    Nixonism
    President Richard M. Nixon announces his new Vietnam policy, declaring the Nixon Doctrine that expected Asian allies to care for their own military defense. This policy, and all Vietnam war policies, would be heavily protested throughout the remainder of the year. On November 15, 1969, more than two hundred and fifty thousand anti-Vietnam war demonstrators marched on Washington, D.C. to peacefully protest the war.
  • The first Earth Day celebration

    The first Earth Day celebration
    The first Earth Day celebration is held with millions of Americans participating in anti-pollution demonstrations. These demonstrations included school children walking to school instead of riding the bus.
  • Nixon's visit to China

    Nixon's visit to China
    The journey for peace trip of the U.S. President to Peking, China begins. The eight day journey by Richard M. Nixon and meetings with Mao Zedong, unprecedented at the time, began the process for normalization of relations with China.
  • President Richard M. Nixon resigns the office of the presidency

    President Richard M. Nixon resigns the office of the presidency
    President Richard M. Nixon resigns the office of the presidency, avoiding the impeachment process and admitting his role in the Watergate affair. He was replaced by Vice President Gerald R. Ford, who, on September 8, 1974, pardoned Nixon for his role. Nixon was the first president to ever resign from office.