US History Timeline

Timeline created by beoshonaygrant
In History
  • Smith Act

    Smith Act
    The Smith Act of 1940, also known as the Alien Registration act is an federal stature that set criminal penalties for advocating the overthrow of the US government and required all non citizen adult residents to register with the government. The required fingerprinting and regulating of all aliens in the US.It was utilized against political associations and figures like charged communists and rightists. In 1957, huge number of these arraignments were canceled as illegal.
  • Iron Curtain

    Iron Curtain
    The Iron Curtain is a metaphor that was used to divide Europe into Western and Eastern Europe. The metaphor came into use after Winston Churchill ( British Prime Minister in the 1940s) in a speech. The purpose of the Iron Curtain was to split communists from capitalists and to keep specific people in their original half of the country. The East side of the Curtain was the communists run by the Soviet Union, and the West Side was the capitalist side that was ran by the United States.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine was President Truman's Policy of providing economic and military aid to many country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology. This Doctrine was put into place because in February 1947, the British had told Truman that they could no longer afford to keep British troops in Greece. This then made Truman fear the spread of communism to Greece, and put the Truman Doctrine into place. This doctrine is important because it became the foundation of American foreign policy.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The Berlin Airlift was a 327 day operation in which the British and U.S planes flew food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviets blockaded the city.The soviets aim was to force the western powers to allow the Soviet zone to start supplying Berlin with food, fuel, and aid, there by giving the Soviets practical control over the entire city. The Allies not only wanted to help the people, but thy also did not want them to become Communist sympathizers.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plans is a plan created to the United States and initiated by George Marshall , was put into place to aid the economic recovery of Europe after World War 2 by offering certain European countries substantial funds. This plan offered all Europeans nations, including the Soviet Union, many funds to rebuild their economies as long as the money was spent on good that were only made in the United States. Those who supported this plan hoped to promote democracy in Europe, not communism.
  • Brown V. Board of Education

    Brown V. Board of Education
    The Brown Vs. Board of Education was a Supreme Court that overturned the Plessy vs. Ferguson decision which occurred in 1896 led by Chief Justice Earl Warren, the court ruled that " separate but equal " schools for blacks were inherently unequal , and thus declared that it was also unconstitutional. This Court case decision was very important to the Civil Rights Movement because the decision energized the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950's, and the 1960'.
  • Eisenhower Interstate System

    Eisenhower Interstate System
    The Eisenhower Interstate System was created in 1956, and was Eisenhower's ( Dwight D. Eisenhower the 34th U.S President) twenty year plan to build forty-one thousand miles of highway, making it the largest public works project in history. These highways were a success because they did much to change the economic and social structures of America. This highways were beneficial because they helped businesses and families move from downtown's to suburbs, from Main Street to Wal-mart.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    Civil Rights Act of 1957
    The Civil Right Act of 1957 was a bill passed by Eisenhower (Dwight D. Eisenhower the 34th President of the United States) , and this bill set up a Civil Rights Commission, however had minimal genuine impact and was for the most part representative and it didn't ensure a poll for blacks. It was the primary social equality bill to be institutes after reconstruction which was bolstered by most non-southern whites.
  • Black Power Movement

    Black Power Movement
    Black Power is the belief that blacks should fight back if attacked. It urged blacks to achieve economic independence by starting and supporting their own business. The Black Power Movement was started by Malcolm X and his main ideology struggle was black separatism versus a racially integrated black Muslim movement. Advocates sought racial separation in order to preserve their unique African American Identities, which had been robbed by American slave traders of the past, by using violence.
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    located on a delta of the Gulf of Cazones situated on the southern shore of Cuba, this is where the Bay of Pigs invasion took place, and it was a total failure because the Cubans knew the attack was coming. Over 1400 Cuban exiles took part in this invasion they were trained by the CIA. The invasion occurred because the U.S wanted to overthrow Fidel Castro. What led up this event was Castro had taken control of Cuba through a revolution, which removed the pro U.S Fulgencio Batista.
  • Freedom Rides

    Freedom Rides
    In 1960 the supreme court ruled that segregation on interstate buses was illegal including in waiting rooms, restaurants and bus terminals. Freedom Rides began to test this law by traveling though southern states. Freedom rides were a groups of 13 ( 7 black and 6 white ), went on journey from Washington D.C to the deep South. On May 14 1961, while leaving Atlanta for Birmingham, Alabama, members of the KKK got on the bus, and beat up the Freedom Riders.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    The March on Washington , fully known as " March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom", included 250,000 people for a peaceful demonstration to promote Civil Rights and economic equality for African Americans. Members strolled down Constitution and Independence roads, at that point assembled at the Lincoln Monument for talk, melodies, and petition. Most significant discourse of the was the Rev Martin Luther King Jr's. " I have a Dream " speech.
  • Birmingham Bombing

    Birmingham Bombing
    The Birmingham Bombing took place on September 15 1963, and took place about the 16th St. Baptist Church. The special thing about the church was that is was the first colored church in Birmingham, Alabama. The terrorists group that attacked the church was the KKK, and they attacked the Church planting 15 sticks of dynamite under the front steps. They attacked the Church because they felt African-Americans were not equal with whites. They considered whites supreme.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    This act was passed under the Johnson administration, and outlawed segregation in public areas and granted the federal government power to fight back disfranchisement. This act also created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ( also know as EEOC) , to prevent discrimination in the work place. This act was important to the Civil Rights Movement because this act was the strongest legislation since Reconstruction and invalidated the Southern Caste System.
  • Voting Acts of 1965

    Voting Acts of 1965
    The Voting Right Act of 1965 was passes as a Great Society program under the Johnson administration. It restricted the utilization of proficient tests as a piece of the voter enlistment process which were at first utilized as a strategy to control movement to the United States amid the 1920's. The demonstration empowered government analysts to enlist any individual who qualified in the south, giving the energy of the vote to underrepresented minorities.
  • Black Panther Party

    Black Panther Party
    The Black Panther Party was founded by Huey P. Newton and Bobble Seale, and was a Black nationalist party who trusted that black individuals ought to represent themselves. The main goals for the for the party were self defense, organise the working lass, economic improvements ,and to improve conditions in northern ghettos. Successes included free health clinics and free liberation school, and failures likes lost support from the government, and lost liberal voters.
  • Stonewall Riots

    Stonewall Riots
    Stonewall Riots were five days of in New York in 1969 including homosexuals and the police. The Stonewall Riots occurred because the police raided the Stonewall Bar in New York's Greenwich Village, a gathering place for homosexuals. The importance on this riot were homosexuals fought back for the first time. Also, this riot signified the beginning of pay pride movements across the country, which is still something we still see in our current time today.
  • Stagflation

    Stagflation is the simultaneous occurrence of substantial unemployment and inflation. Two things that can contribute to stagflation is high tax rates or costly regulations, and an external shock like an embargo or an earthquake may also cause stagflation to occur. The effects of stagflation are prices increase and people have less money to spend, which will then cause for a slow economy , and a high inflation rate which can effect to many people.
  • Watergate Scandal

    Watergate Scandal
    The Watergate Scandal occurred during Nixon's presidency and , and was when Nixon's assistants broke into the Democratic National Committee offices in the Watergate complex in Washington, and was brought out under the control of White House employees. This scandal ended up making Nixon resign in 1974 to avoid impeachment due to the fact there were disclosure of the White House involvement in the break in, and a subsequent cover up.
  • Equal Rights Amendment

    Equal Rights Amendment
    The Equal Right Amendment was a constitutional amendment that was first introduced to congress on 1923, but was not passed until 1972, and the Amendment started that " equal of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex."
  • War Powers Resolution Act

    War Powers Resolution Act
    The War Powers Resolution Act was a Federal law that provides the President to send US military armed forced into action abroad by authorization ( to allow military force with use or deceleration of war)of congress or if the U.S is under attack, or serious threat. The resolution required the president to notify congress within forty eight hours of commuting arm forces to military action. This resolution did not allow arm forces to remain more then sixty day then a thirty day withdraw period.
  • Endangered Species Act

    Endangered Species Act
    The Endangered Species came after the Endangered Species Preservation Act which provided means for listing native animals/pants that are endangered and provided them with very limited protection. This new act defined what they meant by endangered/threatened, plants and all inverts are eligible for protection , and provided funding for land acquisition for foreign species, and provided for matching funds to states.
  • Heritage Foundation

    Heritage Foundation
    The Heritage Foundation was a public policy that promoted the principles that made America "great". These principles included things like free enterprise , limited government ( you can own your own business without much government interaction) , individual freedoms, traditional American values, and lastly a strong national defense.
  • Gerald Fords Presidency

    Gerald Fords Presidency
    Gerald Ford Presidency was was between August 9, 1974 through January 20, 1977. Ford appealed to the public he was a "regular" guy , and was "nothing different from you next door neighbor". He help with racism by trying to help with racial tension, and in 1974, black school children attending segregated schools in the south went from 68%-8%. He dealt with the economy by raising taxes, was opposed to stagflation, and was opposed to cutting taxes.
  • Federal Election Commission (FEC)

    Federal Election Commission (FEC)
    The Federal Election Commission , also know as FEC, is a six member bipartisan agency that was created by the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974. The Federal Election Commission was meant to enforce the Federal Election Act by administrating and enforces campaign finance laws .This Commission only allowed for there to be three republicans and three democrats on it a time , with its main "moto" is regulate giving , not spending
  • Camp David Accords

    Camp David Accords
    Camp David Accord lasted 13 days and were the peace accords signed by Menach Begin and Anwar Sadat to finally end the Israeli-Egyptian disputes. The core of the disputed was to decide who owns Palestine. In 1979, a five year plan was put into place to workout some Palestinian home rule, and a plan for ending hostilities between Egypt and Israel. By 1979, Egypt will recognize Israel , and Israel will return land to Egypt taken in earlier war.
  • Soviet War in Afghanistan

    Soviet War in Afghanistan
    The Soviet War in Afghanistan began to occur when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan because they were trying to protect their interest in Afghanistan like natural resources such a oil, coal, iron ore, and to to expand their influence ( spread communism). The Soviet Union invasion was denounced by numerous everywhere throughout the world including the U.s, and the United Nations. Many individuals saw them as a "school yard bullies". A few nations quickly quit exchanging withe the Soviets.
  • Iran Hostage Crisis

    Iran Hostage Crisis
    The Iran Hostage Crisis occurred on November 4, 1979, and took place when diplomatic crisis triggered when Iranian protesters seized the US embassy in Tehran , and held sixty six American diplomats hostage for forty four days. Results for the U.S were humiliation, symbol of a weakening America, and dramatic change in foreign policy. As for Iran, the results of this were they vied as a "bad guy" to the world worlds, but many Arab nation felt Iran is a hero.
  • Three-Mile Island

    Three-Mile Island
    Three Mile Island occurred on March 28, 1979, when the nuclear power plant experienced a cooling malfunction that caused the temperature to rise. Because of this, it caused the reactor to automatically shutdown , which in turn caused the pressure in the reactor to increase. After further examination the cause of this malfunction was also caused by human error from the workers. The error at this power plant combined to permit an escape of radiation over a 16 mile radius.
  • Communism Collapses in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union

    Communism Collapses in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union
    During 1989, Gorby was at the height of his international popularity when he met with president George Bush and together they announce the end of the Cold War. In 1990, Gorby was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, yet from 1989, Soviet control of Eastern Europe was rapidly collapsing. Communist countries increasingly discontented during the 1980's. Gradually became clear that USSR neither has the will nor the power to put down demonstration or prevent changes in these nation of government.
  • Persian Gulf War / 1st Iraq War

    The Persian Gulf War was when the United States fought against Iraq when they illegally invaded Kuwait. Many events led up to this war. Iraq wanted to take over Kuwait oil fields, and wanted access to the Persian Gulf for oil transport. Iraq leader Saddam Hussein wanted control of the Muslim world, and Iraq considered Kuwait to be part of their country. As a result, Iraq was defeated, and its Army was reduced. Economic hardship was created for the Iraqi people due to trade sanctions imposed.
  • Oprah Winfrey in the 1990's

    Oprah Winfrey accomplished many great things in the 1990s. In 1991, she initiated the National Child Protection Act and testified before congress , and also appointed chef Rosie Daley to supervise a new and healthier diet. In 1995 , she became the first woman and the only black on Forbes list of 400 richest Americans. In 1996 , the Oprah Winfrey Show dealt with Mad Cow Disease in the United States which led to a court case,and received the prestigious George Foster Individual Achievement award.
  • Rodney King Incident

    The Rodney King Incident occurred when Rodney King and two buddies get drunk during a basketball game on TV ,and while King drives his friends home ,gets into a highway chase with he police. When King finally pulls over ,the police demand the three gets out and lay on their stomach. All but king complied to the order.The officers in total hit king 33 times with a steel baton,and kicked him a total of 6 times. King sued the city, winning 3.8 million , and a total of 1.7 million in attorney fees.
  • Election of 1992

  • World Trade Center Attack

    The World Trade Center Attack occurred on February 26,1993, at the World Trade Center in New York City, and killed 6 people, and injured over a 1000. The attack was caused by a bomb donated below the North Tower stolen, and rented truck. The purpose was to knock the North Tower in the South Tower. As a result , the bomb caused $250 million in damages. The FBI like undertook a manhunt for the suspects, and concluded that it was linked to the Islamic groups such as Al Qaeda , and Islamic Jihad.
  • Dont Ask , Dont Tell Policy

    The " Dont ask, Dont tell " policy was an controversial policy in the United States in which anyone who looked , admitted, or associated to being gay was excluded from privileges and/or discharged from the military. Many of the people who were affected by the policy believed the U.S was embarrassed by the thought of letting homosexuals be part of the military defending the country. Many people also compared this to the Salem Witch Trials where both events began with words spoken by people.
  • Defense of Marriage Act ( DOMA)

    The Defense of Marriage Act is a United States federal law that allows states to refuse to recognize same sex marriages granted under the laws of other states.This was a bill introduced by congress in 1996 and was later signed by President Bill Clinton. At the time Bill Clinton was running for re-election, he found it helpful so sign the bill in order to win the re-election. This act was put into place because of an AIDS epidemic in the 1980s, have heavily influenced the views of same sex coupes
  • E-Mails

  • Bush V. Gore ( SCOUTS case)

    Bush V. Gore ( SCOUTS case)
    The Bush V. Gore Supreme Court Cases ruled that the state of Florida's court ordered manual recount of vote ballots in the 2000 presidential election was unconstitutional. The Constitutional issue of the was did Florida Supreme Court violate Article 2 Section 1 clause 2 of the U.S. Constitution by making new election law? The significance of this Supreme Court Case was for future elections, another president could potentially " luck out" like in George Bush's case, or get"screwed over "like Gore
  • No Child left Behind Education Act

    No Child left Behind Education Act
    The No Child Left Behind ACT also know was NCLB, is a piece of the individuals with Disabilities Education ACT, a re-approval of the Elementary and Secondary Education ACT. NCLB sets exclusive exceptions and responsibility for understudy accomplishment to ensure that all youngsters are gotten up to speed to 21st century learning. NCLB gives states and school districts the adaptability to utilize funds where they are required most. NCLB spends more money on education that ever before.
  • 9/11 Attacks

    9/11 Attacks
    9/11 was a progression of composed suicide assaults by al-Qaeda upon the United States on September 11, 2001.On that morning , 19 al-Qaeda fear based oppressors captured for business traveler stream carriers.The robbers deliberately slammed two of the aircraft's into the the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City,executing everybody on board and numerous other working the building,and the third hit the Pentagon outside of Washington D.C,and the Fourth in a field in Pennsylvania.

    The Patriot act was signed on October 26, 2001 by President Bush in response to 9/11. The act focuses on reinforcing neglect on of weapons and military equipment. Because of this act, funding through terrorist investigation was increased. This act allows the FBI to search cell phone data and history for suspected terrorists. The Patriot act was intended to prevent terrorist attacks and the main goal of the act was to strengthen domestic security, but man critics say the act is unconstitutional.
  • Hurricane Katrina Disaster

    Hurricane Katrina Disaster
    Hurricane Katina was a Category 5 storm that hit land in New Orleans while George W. Bush was president. What made the storm worse were is the wind speeds up to 200km/hour and since New Orleans is close to the Mississippi delta and Lake Pontchartain, New Orleans started to sink; built on soft sediment, compacting under weight of buildings. There were 1,835 deaths and left 100,000 homes without power, and used Louisiana's population reduce by 4.9%. Property damage cost was $81 billion.
  • Housing Bubble

    Housing Bubble
    A Housing Bubble is a keep running in housing costs filled by request, hypothesis and abundance. The U.S Housing Bubble affected nearly half on the states in the U.S. Housing prices topped in mid 2006, began to decrease in 2007, and achieved new lows in 2012. On December 30, 2008, the Case- Shiller home value file revealed its biggest value drop in its history. Housing Bubble is important during this era because because of the credit crisis, this was an important care of the 2007-2007 recession.
  • The Great Recession

    The Great Recession
    As a result to the credit crisis caused by the Housing Bubble in 2006, The Great Recession of 2007 occurred. The Great Recession was the financial crisis that began in the summer of 2007, and got worse in September 2008, which marked an end of an era for U.S. investment banking. As a result of the recession , by 2009, output was 3.6% below potential, and unemployment was up to 8.9%. Because of this recession , by February 2010, 8.5 million jobs were lost.
  • Election of 2008

    Election of 2008
    The Election of 2008 can be considered to many to be most memorable/ important election in Americas history. The Election of 2008 was between Barack Obama and John McCain. Obama ended winning the election with three hundred and sixty five electoral votes to McCain who only attained one hundred and seventy three electoral vote. What the Election of 2008 important to American history is for the first time ever, we have our first African American President.
  • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

    American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
    The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act was one of the earliest initiatives of the Obama Administration in response to the Great Recession. It depended on the financial speculation of John Keynes that called for expanded government spending to balance diminished private spending in the midst of economic downturn. The ACT was questionable from the start, going with no Republican votes in the house, and just 3 in the Senate house. The ACTS $787 billion was not enough to turn the economy around
  • Affordable Care Act (ACA) " Obamacare"

    Affordable Care Act (ACA) " Obamacare"
    The Affordable Care ACT, highly known as Obama care, was law consisting of two pieces of legislation : The Patient Protection and Affordable Care ACT and The Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act, we put into place to expand health insurance coverage to an estimated thirty two million uninsured Americans , and strengthen existing coverage. This ace increase benefits and lower costs for consumers, and provide new funding for public health and prevention.
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    Cold War

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    Civil Rights

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