U.S History

Timeline created by Elena.A100
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
  • • 13th Amendment

  • • 14th Amendment

  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    On May 10, 1869, a golden spike was driven at Promontory, Utah, signaling the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in the United States. The transcontinental railroad had long been a dream for people living in the American West
  • Industrialization Begins to Boom

  • • 15th Amendment

  • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

    Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall
  • Telephone Invented

  • Reconstruction Ends

  • • Jim Crow Laws Start in South

  • Light Bulb Invented

    Light Bulb Invented
  • Third Wave of Immigration

    The third wave, between 1880 and 1914, brought over 20 million European immigrants to the United States, an average of 650,000.Third-wave European immigration was slowed first by World War I and then by numerical quotas in the 1920s.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
  • Pendleton Act

  • Dawes Act

    The Dawes Act of 1887, adopted by Congress in 1887, authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
  • Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth

    "Wealth", more commonly known as "The Gospel of Wealth", is an article written by Andrew Carnegie in June of 1889 that describes the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich.
  • Chicago's Hull House

    Chicago's Hull House
  • Klondike Gold Rush

    Klondike Gold Rush
    The Klondike Gold Rush was a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada between 1896 and 1899.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
  • How the Other Half Lives

  • Influence of Sea Power Upon History

  • Homestead Steel Labor Strike

    The Homestead Strike, also known as the Homestead Steel Strike, Pinkerton Rebellion, or Homestead Massacre, was an industrial lockout and strike which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle
  • Pullman Labor Strike

    The Pullman Strike of 1894 was a milestone in American labor history, as the widespread strike by railroad workers brought business to a standstill and brought the federal government to unprecedented action to end the strike.
  • • Plessy v. Ferguson

  • Annexation of Hawaii

    Dole declared Hawaii an independent republic. Spurred by the nationalism aroused by the Spanish-American War, the United States annexed Hawaii in 1898 at the urging of President William McKinley. Hawaii was made a territory in 1900, and Dole became its first governor.
  • Spanish American War

    Spanish American War
    The Spanish–American War was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor in Cuba leading to United
  • Open Door Policy

    Open Door Policy
  • Assassination of President McKinley

    On September 6, 1901, William McKinley, the 25th President of the United States, was shot on the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York. He was shaking hands with the public when Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, shot him twice in the abdomen.
  • • Wright Brother’s Airplane

    •	Wright Brother’s Airplane
    On December 17, 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright made four brief flights at Kitty Hawk with their first powered aircraft. The Wright brothers had invented the first successful airplane. The Wrights used this stopwatch to time the Kitty Hawk flights
  • Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins

    Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins
  • The Jungle

    The Jungle
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

  • Model-T

  • NAACP

  • 16th Amendment

    The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    is an Act of Congress that created and established the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States
  • 17th Amendment

    The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.
  • Trench Warfare, Poison Gas, and Machine Guns

  • • Assissination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    •	Assissination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, occurred on 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo when they were mortally wounded by Gavrilo Princip.
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National Parks System

    National Parks System
  • • Zimmerman Telegram

    •	Zimmerman Telegram
    The Zimmermann Telegram (or Zimmermann Note or Zimmerman Cable) was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the prior event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.
  • • Russian Revolution

    •	Russian Revolution
    The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
  • • U.S. entry into WWI

    •	U.S. entry into WWI
    U.S. Entry into World War I, 1917. On April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson went before a joint session of Congress to request a declaration of war against Germany. ... The United States later declared war on German ally Austria-Hungary on December 7, 1917.
  • • Battle of Argonne Forest

    •	Battle of Argonne Forest
    The Meuse-Argonne Offensive, also known as the Maas-Argonne Offensive and the Battle of the Argonne Forest, was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. It was fought from 26 September 1918 until the Armistice of 11 November 1918, a total of 47 days.
  • • Armistice

  • • Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points

  • • Treaty of Versailles

  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
  • President Harding’s Return to Normalcy

  • Harlem Renaissance

  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    A "Red Scare" is promotion of widespread fear by a society or state about a potential rise of communism, anarchism, or radical leftism. The term is most often used to refer to two periods in the history of the United States with this name.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

  • Joseph Stalin Leads USSR

    Joseph Stalin Leads USSR
    Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower. However, he ruled by terror, and millions of his own citizens died during his brutal reign.
  • Scopes “Monkey” Trial

    Scopes “Monkey” Trial
    The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in July 1925 in which a substitute high .
  • Mein Kampf published

  • Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight

    Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight
    5:22pm - The Spirit of St. Louis touches down at the Le Bourget Aerodrome, Paris, France. Local time: 10:22pm. Total flight time: 33 hours, 30 minutes, 29.8 seconds. Charles Lindbergh had not slept in 55 hours
  • St. Valentine’s Day Massacre

  • Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday"

    Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday"
    The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday"), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States (acting as the most significant predicting indicator of the Great ...
  • • Hoovervilles

    •	Hoovervilles
    a shantytown built by unemployed and destitute people during the Depression of the early 1930s.
  • • Smoot-Hawley Tariff

    •	Smoot-Hawley Tariff
    otherwise known as the Smoot–Hawley Tariff or Hawley–Smoot Tariff, was an act implementing protectionist trade policies sponsored by Senator Reed Smoot and Representative Willis C. Hawley and signed into law on June 17, 1930. The act raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods.
  • • 100, 000 Banks Have Failed

  • Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany

  • • Agriculture Adjustment Administration (AAA)

  • • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

    •	Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation is a United States government corporation providing deposit insurance to depositors in US banks.
  • • Public Works Administration (PWA)

    •	Public Works Administration (PWA)
    Public Works Administration, part of the New Deal of 1933 was a large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes.
  • • Dust Bowl

    •	Dust Bowl
    The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s; severe drought ...
  • • Social Security Administration (SSA

    •	Social Security Administration (SSA
    The United States Social Security Administration is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government that administers Social Security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits
  • Rape of Nanjing

    Rape of Nanjing
    The Nanking Massacre was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing, then the capital of the Republic of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    Also known as The Night of the Broken Glass. On this night, November 9, 1938, almost 200 synagogues were destroyed, over 8,000 Jewish shops were sacked and looted, and tens of thousands of Jews were removed to concentration camps.
  • Hitler invades Poland

    Hitler invades Poland
    Nazi leader Adolf Hitler claimed the massive invasion was a defensive action, but Britain and France were not convinced. On September 3, they declared war on Germany, initiating World War II. To Hitler, the conquest of Poland would bring Lebensraum, or “living space,” for the German people.
  • German Blitzkrieg attacks

    German Blitzkrieg attacks
    Germany quickly overran much of Europe and was victorious for more than two years by relying on a new military tactic called the "Blitzkrieg" (lightning war). Blitzkrieg tactics required the concentration of offensive weapons (such as tanks, planes, and artillery) along a narrow front.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    President Franklin Roosevelt called December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy." On that day, Japanese planes attacked the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory. The bombing killed more than 2,300 Americans. It completely destroyed the American battleship U.S.S. U.S went into war.
  • Tuskegee Airmen

  • • Navajo Code Talkers

    •	Navajo Code Talkers
    The name code talkers is strongly associated with bilingual Navajo speakers specially recruited during World War II by the Marines to serve in their standard communications units in the Pacific Theater. Code talking, however, was pioneered by the Cherokee and Choctaw peoples during World War I
  • • Executive Order 9066

    •	Executive Order 9066
    Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942.
  • • Bataan Death March

  • • Invasion of Normandy (D-Day)

  • GI Bill

    GI Bill
    The Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944, also known as the G.I. Bill, was a law that provided a range of benefits for returning World War II veterans.
  • • Atomic bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima

    •	Atomic bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima
    During the final stage of World War II, the United States dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively.
  • • Victory over Japan/Pacific (VJ/VP) Day (

    •	Victory over Japan/Pacific (VJ/VP) Day (
    Victory over Japan Day (also known as V-J Day, Victory in the Pacific Day, or V-P Day) is the day on which Imperial Japan surrendered in World War II, in effect ending the war. ... On September 2, 1945, a formal surrender ceremony was performed in Tokyo Bay, Japan, aboard the battleship USS Missouri.
  • • Liberation of Concentration Camps

  • • Victory in Europe (VE) Day

  • United Nations (UN) Formed

    United Nations (UN) Formed
    Roosevelt also sought to convince the public that an international organization was the best means to prevent future wars. The Senate approved the UN Charter on July 28, 1945, by a vote of 89 to 2. The United Nations came into existence on October 24, 1945, after 29 nations had ratified the Charter.
  • Germany Divided

  • • Nuremberg Trials

    •	Nuremberg Trials
    Nuremberg, Germany, was chosen as a site for trials that took place in 1945 and 1946. Judges from the Allied powers—Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States—presided over the hearings of twenty-two major Nazi criminals. Twelve prominent Nazis were sentenced to death.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy whose stated purpose was to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War.
  • Marshall Plan

  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The Berlin Blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies'
  • NATO Formed

    NATO Formed
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between several North American and European countries based on the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949
  • Kim Il-sung invades South Korea

    Kim Il-sung invades South Korea
    By October, UN forces had retaken Seoul and invaded the North to reunify the country under the South. On 19 October, US and South Korean troops captured P'yŏngyang, forcing Kim and his government to flee north, first to Sinuiju and eventually into Kanggye.
  • UN forces push North Korea to Yalu River- the border with China

  • Chinese forces cross Yalu and enter Korean War

  • Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution

    Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution
    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, a married couple convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage in 1951, are put to death in the electric chair. The execution marked the dramatic finale of the most controversial espionage case of the Cold War.
  • Armistice Signed

  • • Hernandez v. Texas

    •	Hernandez v. Texas
    From a legal perspective, Mendez v. Westminster was the first case to hold that school segregation itself is unconstitutional and violates the 14th Amendmen
  • • Brown v. Board of Education

    •	Brown v. Board of Education
    The decision helped to inspire the civil rights movement of the late 1950s and 1960s. In a landmark decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. The case was decided on May 17, 1954.
  • • Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in Vietnam

  • Warsaw Pact Formed

    Warsaw Pact Formed
    The Warsaw Pact, formally the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states
  • • Polio Vaccine

    •	Polio Vaccine
    The first polio vaccine was the inactivated polio vaccine. It was developed by Jonas Salk and came into use in 1955. The oral polio vaccine was developed by Albert Sabin and came into commercial use in 1961.
  • • Rosa Parks Arrested

    •	Rosa Parks Arrested
    On 1 December 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger on a city bus in Montgomery, Alabama. This single act of nonviolent resistance sparked the Montgomery bus boycott, an eleven-month struggle to desegregate the city's buses.
  • • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    •	Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956) Sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks on 1 December 1955, the Montgomery bus boycott was a 13-month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.
  • • Interstate Highway Act

  • • Elvis Presley First Hit Song

    •	Elvis Presley First Hit Song
    Elvis Aaron Presley, in the humblest of circumstances, was born to Vernon and Gladys Presley in a two-room house in Tupelo, Mississippi on January 8, 1935. His twin brother, Jessie Garon, was stillborn, leaving Elvis to grow up as an only child.
  • Sputnik I

    Sputnik I
    Sputnik 1 was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957. It was a 58 cm diameter polished metal sphere, with four external radio antennas to broadcast radio pulses
  • • Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV

    •	Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV
    October 4, 1957 Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV.This sitcom defines the "golly gee" wholesomeness of 1950s and `60s TV, where dad Ward Cleaver always gets home in time for dinner, mom June cleans the house wearing a dress and pearls, and kids Wally and the Beav always learn a lesson by the end of the episode
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1957

  • • Little Rock Nine

  • • Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate

  • • Chicano Mural Movement Begins

  • • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    •	Bay of Pigs Invasion
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the Central Intelligence Agency-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961
  • • Peace Corps Formed

    •	Peace Corps Formed
    The Peace Corps is a volunteer program run by the United States government. The stated mission of the Peace Corps includes providing technical assistance, helping people outside the United States to understand American culture, and helping Americans to understand the cultures of other countries.
  • • Mapp v. Ohio

    •	Mapp v. Ohio
    Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643 (1961), was a landmark case in criminal procedure, in which the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures,
  • • Affirmative Action

  • • Cuban Missile Crisis

    •	Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis, the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American. They had to blockade it.
  • • Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas

    •	Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas
    John Fitzgerald Kennedy, commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 22, 1963
  • • Gideon v. Wainwright

  • • George Wallace Blocks University of Alabama Entrance (

  • • The Feminine Mystique

  • • March on Washington

  • • The Great Society

    •	The Great Society
    The Great Society was a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964–65. The main goal was the elimination of poverty and racial injustice
  • • Escobedo v. Illinois

    •	Escobedo v. Illinois
    The Escobedo v. Illinois case was decided on June 22nd, 1964. The Supreme Court, in Escobedo v. Illinois, ruled in favor of Danny Escobedo. ... The verdict explained that the police department targeted Escobedo like he was the murderer and not as a suspect or a witness to the incident
  • • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    •	Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution or the Southeast Asia Resolution, Pub.L. 88–408, 78 Stat. 384, enacted August 10, 1964, was a joint resolution that the United States Congress passed on August 7, 1964, in response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • • 24th Amendment

  • • Voting Rights Act of 1965

  • • Malcom X Assassinated

  • • United Farm Worker’s California Delano Grape Strike

  • • Miranda v. Arizona

    •	Miranda v. Arizona
    Miranda v. Arizona was a Supreme Court case that overturned Ernesto Miranda's conviction for kidnapping and rape because he had not been informed of his legal rights prior to confessing. For example, Miranda did not know that he could ask for an attorney or remain silent during questioning
  • • Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court (

  • • Tet Offensive

    •	Tet Offensive
    n late January, 1968, during the lunar new year (or “Tet”) holiday, North Vietnamese and communist Viet Cong forces launched a coordinated attack against a number of targets in South Vietnam. ... The Tet Offensive played an important role in weakening U.S. public support for the war in Vietnam
  • • My Lai Massacre

    •	My Lai Massacre
    The My Lai Massacre stemmed from previous events in the Vietnam War. ... Lieutenant William Calley led the Americal Division into My Lai on March 16 and ordered his men to eliminate all suspected members of the NLF.
  • • Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated

  • • Tinker v. Des Moines

    •	Tinker v. Des Moines
    John and Mary Beth Tinker of Des Moines, Iowa, wore black armbands to their public school as a symbol of protest against American involvement in the Vietnam War. When school authorities asked that the Tinkers remove their armbands, they refused and were subsequently suspended.
  • • Vietnamization

  • • Woodstock Music Festival

  • • Draft Lottery

  • • Manson Family Murders

    •	Manson Family Murders
    The Manson Family was a commune established in California in the late 1960s, led by Charles Manson. They gained national notoriety after the murder of actress Sharon Tate and four others on August 9, 1969 by Tex Watson and three other members of the Family, acting under the instructions of Charles Manson.
  • • Apollo 11

    •	Apollo 11
    Lunar Landing Mission. Apollo 11 was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. The first steps by humans on another planetary body were taken by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on July 20, 1969. The astronauts also returned to Earth the first samples from another planetary body
  • • Invasion of Cambodia

  • • Kent State Shootings

    •	Kent State Shootings
    In May 1970, students protesting the bombing of Cambodia by United States military forces, clashed with Ohio National Guardsmen on the Kent State University campus. When the Guardsmen shot and killed four students on May 4, the Kent State Shootings became the focal point of a nation deeply divided by the Vietnam War.
  • • Pentagon Papers

    •	Pentagon Papers
    The Pentagon Papers, officially titled United States – Vietnam Relations, 1945–1967: A Study Prepared by the Department of Defense, is a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political-military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967.
  • • 26th Amendment

    •	26th Amendment
    The 26th Amendment: “Old Enough to Fight, Old Enough to Vote” During World War II, President Franklin D. Roosevelt lowered the minimum age for the military draft age to 18, at a time when the minimum voting age (as determined by the individual states) had historically been 21.
  • • Title IX

  • • War Powers Resolution

  • • Roe v. Wade

  • • Fall of Saigon

    •	Fall of Saigon
    On April 30, 1975, Communist North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces captured the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon, forcing South Vietnam to surrender and bringing about an end to the Vietnam War
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    American Civil War

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    Reconstruction

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    Gilded Age

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    Progressive Era

    The main objectives of the Progressive movement were eliminating problems caused by industrialization, urbanization, immigration, and corruption in government.
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    Imperialism

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    William Howard Taft

    William Howard Taft Republican Party Domestic Policies : Tried the 3'Cs :( 16th /17th amendment
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    Woodrow Wilson

    Woodrow Wilson Democratic Party Domestic Policies: Clayton Anti- Trust Act, National Park Service, Federal Reserve Act 18th amendment 19 amendment
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    World War I

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    Roaring Twenties

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    Great Depression

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    The Holocaust

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    Franklin D. Roosevelt

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    New Deal Programs

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    World War II

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    Harry S. Truman

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    Baby Boom

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    The Cold War

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    Korean War

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    : 1950s Prosperity

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    Dwight D. Eisenhower

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    : Warren Court

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    Vietnam War

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    John F. Kennedy

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    : Lyndon B. Johnson

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    Richard Nixon

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    Theodore Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt Jr. Republican Party +
    Progressive "Bull Moose" Party Domestic Policies : Square Deal (3's) Trust Buster Nature Conversation