Key Terms

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In History
  • Containment Policy

    Containment Policy
    The Containment Policy was US policy that helped prevent the spread of communism. This policy was result of what the Soviet Union did. the Soviet Union enlarged it's communism in Eastern Europe, China, Korea, and Vietnam.
  • Cold War

    Cold War
    The Cold War was tension after World War II. The tension was between the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc. The Cold War lasted about 45 years.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    This was first announced to congress by president Truman. He announced it on April 12, 1947 but it was more developed on July 12, 1948. The Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy created during the Cold War.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    US, British and Soviet military forces occupied Germany at the end of the 2nd World War. Berlin was located in Eastern Germany. This lasted from June 24, 1940 to May 12, 1949.
  • McCarthyism

    This term was made because of Joseph McCarthy. It means making an accusation of subversion or treason without proof. Today, it is more used to describe reckless accusations.
  • Rosenberg Trial

    Rosenberg Trial
    The case was about Julius Rosenberg who was arrested in 1950. He was arrested a few weeks after the Korean War began. In 1953, he was executed alone with his wife.
  • Domino Theory

    Domino Theory
    This theory was most popular during the 1950s to the 1980s. It stated that if one country was under communism, the surrounding countries would too. It was used by successive US administrations during the cold war.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    This was a competition that dealt with spaceflight. The Soviet Union and the US were racing to space. The Space Race began on August 2, 1955.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    The Vietnam War is also known as the Second Indochina War. It occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. It lasted from 1955 to 1975.
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik was the first artificial earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it in 1957. It was a metal sphere with 4 radio antennas.
  • Moon Landing

    Moon Landing
    The first human made object to land on the moon was made by the Soviet Union. The Luna 2 landed on the moon on September 13, 1959. The US landed Apollo 11 on the moon on July 20, 1969.
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    It was a failed military invasion of Cuba. The invasion happened on April 17, 1961. The invading force was defeated in three days.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13 day confrontation. This confrontation was between the US and the Soviet Union. It was considered the closet the Cold War came to a nuclear war.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    This is significant because it gave the president authorization for the use of conventional military forces. It was a joint resolution that the congress passed in 1964. They did this because of the Gulf of Tonkin Incident.
  • Interstate Highway Act

    Interstate Highway Act
    It was known as the federal-aid highway act of 1956. This act was enacted on June 26, 1956. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the bill into a law.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    It was one of the largest military campaigns. It was done on January 30, 1968. It wa launched by the the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese.
  • Vietnamization

    This was a policy of the Richard Nixon administration. The policy referred to US combat troops in the ground combat. It was through a program to expand, equip, and train South Vietnam's forces.
  • 26th Amendment

    26th Amendment
    The 26th amendment was passed by congress March 23, 1971. It was ratified July 1, 1971. The amendment states that Us citizens 18 or older who vote can't be denied or abridged.
  • War Powers Act

    War Powers Act
    This was also known as the 'War Powers Resolution of 1973'. The War Powers Act is a federal law. It checks the president's power to commit the US to an armed conflict without consent.
  • Rock n' Roll

    Rock n' Roll
    It was a popular music genre in the US. Its popularity began around late 1940s and early 1950s. Rock n' Roll originated in the US.
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    Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Eisenhower was and american politician and an army general. He was the 35th president of the US. In the army, he was a five star general during World War II.
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    Ray Kroc

    Ray Kroc was an american businessman. In 1954, he joined McDonald's and made it the most successful fast food place in the world. In 1974, he owned the San Diego Padres baseball team until he passed away.
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    Lyndon B. Johnson

    He was an american politician. He was the 36th president of the US. From 1937 to 1949, he served as a US representative.
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    Richard Nixon

    Richard Nixon was an american politician. In 1969 to 1974, he was the 37th president of the US. He served as 36th vice president of the US in 1953 to 1961.
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    Jonas Salk

    Jonas Salk was an American medical researcher. He was also a Virologist. He created one of the first Polio Vaccines.
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    John F. Kennedy

    He was an american politician and is commonly known as JFK. He was the 35th president in 1961 to 1963. On November 22, 1963, he died in Dallas, Texas.
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    Betty Friedan

    Betty was an American writer, activist, and feminist. She was a leader in the women's movement. She created a book called 'The Feminine Mystique' in 1963.
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    Korean War

    The Korean War began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Forces came to help South Korea. China went to North Korea. The Soviet Union gave little assistance.