History of Chocolate

Timeline created by SophieCampan
In History
  • 250

    Mayans - The first Cocoa Civilization

    Mayans - The first Cocoa Civilization
    A civilisation of warriors. Often at war protecting their trade routes
  • Jan 1, 1420

    Aztecs

    Aztecs
    Civilization dominating the Northern territories of central America. The 1st to put a high price on Cocoa, reserved for wealth and warriors.They ran a restrictive society where cocoa beans where a luxury reserved for celebrations. They built their empire on warriors - ferocious and efficient.
  • Jan 1, 1430

    Aztecs: Tenochtitlan - The Impossible city

    Aztecs: Tenochtitlan - The Impossible city
    They journeyed through Central America looking for their home. They settled in Tenochtitlan (Now Mexico City!)They dominated the region.
  • Jan 1, 1440

    Aztecs: Moctezuma

    Aztecs: Moctezuma
    Ruler of the aztecs Moctezuma. It is said every day he would send 2000 jars of foaming cocoa to his soldiers to keep them full and energised.
  • Jan 1, 1490

    Tlaquetzalli

    Tlaquetzalli
    Pure Cocoa Drink meaning "Precious Thing"
    1st they would break the beans, grind, crush and select them.
    Then they would drench, soak and steep them. Then Filter and strain them. They would then pour it back and forth between jugs creating a foak (think beer!) they would then add water.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Cacao and Royalty

    Cacao and Royalty
    Chilli, Vanilla, string flowers and popcorn flowers where added to the simple drink of beans and water. Moctezuma was said to drink 50 jars of Cacao water a day to maintain his "performance' with the ladies. Beans where placed with high value, being made into a drink, pay wage and feed the army. Watching the making of the cacao drink became the grand finale at banquets.
  • Jan 1, 1502

    Columbus - you idiot

    Columbus - you idiot
    Columbus missed out on cacao. When he stopped a flotilla of canoes he took all their copper and weapons but left the most vaulable thing - the beans! He mistook the beans for almonds and left them behind missing possibly the biggest opportunity. He died 4 years later never tasting chocolate.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Hernan Cortes

    Hernan Cortes
    Given the task of taking down the aztecs. He travelled to Tenochtitlan, he was greeted peacefully by Moctezuma ll. Cortes took him hostage in his own palace forcing him to swear allegiance to Charles V of Spain.
  • Jun 1, 1520

    Moctezuma ll

    Moctezuma ll
    Moctezuma ll was stoned to death by his own people in a local rebellion.
  • Aug 13, 1521

    Spain V Aztec

    Spain V Aztec
    After a lot of fighting, the Aztec family fell. Cortes claimed Tenochtitlan for Spain and renamed Mexico City.
  • Jan 1, 1530

    The value of Cacao

    The value of Cacao
    Cortes realised the value of Cacao fast in the native country and took full advantage!
  • Jan 1, 1531

    Molinillo and Spices

    Molinillo and Spices
    The drink was cold and bitter, no served hot or room temperature and sweetened with cane sugar. Old world spices, Cinnamon, anise seed and black pepper were added instead of native flowers. Prep didn't change except the froth was now created with a Molinillo.
  • Jan 1, 1534

    Jesuits

    Jesuits
    The Jesuits formed in 1534. Militant arm of the church - defenders of papal supremacy. Became the traders of cacao with Spain.
  • Trade begins

    Trade begins
    In 1585 trade of Cacao beans began in ernest. It started to arrived in colonies, monasteries and convents prepared the drink.
  • Cosimo lll

    Cosimo lll
    Cosimo lll, the Grand Duke of Tuscany was a gluton and heavily indulgent. It is said when he visited the Spanish king in 1668, he was plied with hot chocolate at a bullfight. He became besotted and got his fill!
  • Spanish celebrations

    Spanish celebrations
    Chocolate made appearances at Spanish public celebrations such a bullfighting and Auto-de-fé (Act of faith)
  • Sneaky Jesuits smugglers

    Sneaky Jesuits smugglers
    Authorities allowed Jesuits to trade good without paying fees. In 1701 8 crates of chocolate arrived labelled "Chocolate for the very revered father general of the company of Jesus. When unpacked they where giant slabs of Chocolate! In fact - they where blocks of gold coated in a layer of chocolate, the Jesuits refused charges of smuggling...
  • Fry opens first chocolate factory

  • First American chocolate mill

  • First German factory opens

  • Tertulia

    Tertulia
    Tertulias where a popular social gathering for the Spanish upper class. The men in 1 room, women in the other. They would gather together and at 11pm would get iced water and sweet biscuits. Then chocolates, biscuits, marzipans etc would come out and everyone would eat their fill. Any leftovers they would take home in a napkin.
  • First swiss factory opens

  • Cadburys opens

  • Period:
    250
    to
    Jan 1, 1000

    Mayans

  • Period:
    Mar 20, 1400
    to
    Mar 21, 1519

    Aztecs

  • Period:
    Feb 1, 1520
    to

    Spain

    Cocoa travels to spain
  • Period: to

    Spain - Popularity grows