German Measles

Timeline created by devinilly
  • Rubella Clinically Described

    Friedrich Hoffmann made the first clinical description of rubella. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_vahx06hBPc
  • Measles, or Rubeola, is not the same as German Measles (Rubella)

    Measles, or Rubeola, is not the same as German Measles (Rubella)
    German scientists found out that Rubella is not the same as Rubeola, they are formed by different viruses.
  • Rubella Got Its Name

    Henry Veale, an English Royal Artillery surgeon, described an outbreak of the virus in India. He coined the name "rubella" (from the Latin word, meaning "little red").
  • Rubella Independently Recognized

    Rubella Independently Recognized
    https://c2.staticflickr.com/4/3276/3080343883_4f3487e5a6_z.jpg?zz=1Rubella was recognized as an individual virus at the International Congress of Medicine in London.
  • Aussie Epidemic

    Aussie Epidemic
    There was a widespread epiemic of Rubella in Australia.
  • First Associated With Congenital Disease

    First Associated With Congenital Disease
    The link between congenital cataracts and maternal rubella infection was first made in 1941 by Australian ophthalmologist, Norman Gregg, who had noticed an unusual number of infants with cataracts following a rubella epidemic in 1940.
  • Rubella First Isolated

  • Measles Vaccine was Licensed

    After having safety proven in monkeys and in humans, John Enders and his friends decided that their vaccine was good enough to prevent the infection from occuring. Over the next 12 years, almost 19 million doses were administered
  • More information was Discovered at New York Willowbrook State School

    More information was Discovered at New York Willowbrook State School
    Studies on children at the New York Willowbrook State School have shown that the disease is spread by nasal droplet infection and has an incubation period of 14-19 days, with onset of a rash usually on the 15th day. The disease can be spread from a few days before to 5-7 days after the appearance of the exanthem.
  • Serological Tests Were First Available

  • Rubella Vaccine was Licensed

    After the vaccine was licensed, rubella cases dropped substantially.
  • MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) Vaccine Debuts

    MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) Vaccine Debuts
    The U.S. government licensed Merck’s measles, mumps, and rubella combination vaccine. Initial tests in 1968 had already shown that adverse reactions from the MMR vaccine were no greater than from any of the single vaccines.
  • Rubella was Eliminated in Adults

    The United States declared that every adult was free of Rubella.
  • Last Endemic Case

    Last Endemic Case
    2009 was the last naturally-transmitted case of Rubella according to WHO
  • Period: to

    Unborn Babies suffer

    Rubella virus infections during pregnancy were estimated to have caused 30,000 still births and 20,000 children to be born impaired or disabled as a result of CRS.