Cold War

Timeline created by hmcconnell
In History
  • Formation of the United Nations

    The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation and to create and maintain international order. They include United States, Great Britain, China, France, Soviet Union. This is important because it is a power in the world that will protect each other.
  • Truman Doctrine

    President Harry S. Truman established that the United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces. (Greece, Turkey)
  • Marshal Plan

    The Marshall Plan also known as the European Recovery Program, channeled over $13 billion to finance the economic recovery of Europe. The Marshall Plan successfully sparked economic recovery, meeting its objective of restoring the confidence of the European people in the economic future of their own countries and of Europe as a whole. The plan is named for Secretary of State George C. Marshall, who announced it in a commencement speech at Harvard University on June 5, 1947.
  • Creation of Israel

    British Mandate, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel. He said “We hereby proclaim the establishment of the Jewish state in Palestine, to be called Israel,” This is important because the Jewish state was proclaimed and started. Which lead the rise of jewish culture in the world. United states and GB help them because they needed help to create a spot where they can go to be safe.
  • NATO formed

    In 1949, the prospect of further Communist expansion prompted the US and 11 other Western nations to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Soviet Union and its affiliated Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact in 1955.
  • Berlin wall is built

    In response, the USSR launched a land blockade of West Berlin in an effort to force the West to abandon the city. By 1961, many East Germans were unhappy under communist government. Many East Germans left to go to the West where it was under a democratic system. With so many people leaving, the economy went down so the the Soviet Leader, Nikita Khrushchev decided to build the wall to stop them from leaving.
  • Camp David's accord

    a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt issuing from talks at Camp David between Egyptian President Sadat, Israeli Prime Minister Begin, and the host, U.S. President Carter. He signed it in 1979.
  • Implementation of perestroika and glasnost

    Introduced profound changes in economic practice, internal affairs and international relations. Within five years, Gorbachev’s revolutionary program swept communist governments throughout Eastern Europe from power and brought an end to the Cold War, the largely political and economic rivalry between the Soviets and the US and their respective allies that emerged following WWII.
  • Fall of Berlin Wall

    The Berlin Wall stood until November 9, 1989, when the head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR could cross the border whenever they pleased. That night, ecstatic crowds swarmed the wall. Some crossed freely into West Berlin, while others
    brought hammers and picks and began to chip away at the wall itself.
  • Soviet Union Dissloves

    A few days earlier, representatives from 11 Soviet republics met in the Kazakh city of Alma-Ata and announced that they would no longer be part of the SU. Instead, they declared they would establish a Commonwealth of Independent States. . The SU had fallen, largely due to the great number of radical reforms that Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev had implemented during his 6 years as the leader of the USSR.
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    Policy of Containment

    containment was a United States policy using numerous strategies to prevent the spread of communism. The Cold War had this policy because it was a response to a series of moves by the Soviet Union to enlarge its communist area of influence in Eastern Europe, China, Korea, and Vietnam.
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    Berlin airlift

    Soviet forces blockaded rail, road, and water access to Allied-controlled areas of Berlin. The US and UK responded by airlifting food and fuel to Berlin from Allied air bases in western Germany. The crisis ended when Soviet forces lifted the blockade on land access to western Berlin.
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    Korean War

    the Korean War began when some 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean Army, the boundary between the Soviet-backed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south.. United states and Great Britain joined the war on the side of the South Koreans, and the People’s Republic of China came to North Korea’s aid. After more than a million combat casualties had been suffered on both sides the fighting ended in July 1953 with Korea still divided.
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    Warsaw Pact

    The treaty called on the member states to come to the defense of any member attacked by an outside force and it set up a unified military command under Marshal Ivan S. Konev of the Soviet Union. The introduction to the treaty establishing the Warsaw Pact indicated the reason for its existence.
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    Vietnam War

    The period when the US and other members of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization joined the forces of the Republic of South Vietnam to go against communist forces of South Vietnamese guerrillas and the North Vietnamese Army. It was caused because the US felt that communism was going to expand all over south-east Asia. In the end, Vietnam reunites to be communist country.
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    Cuban Missile Crisis

    Leaders of the US and the Soviet Union engaged in a, 13-day political and military standoff in October 1962 over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles on Cuba, just 90 miles from US shores. In a TV address on October 22, 1962, President Kennedy told Americans about the presence of the missiles. He explained his decision to enact a naval blockade around Cuba and made it clear the US was prepared to use military force if necessary to neutralize this possible threat to national security