The Russian Revolution

Timeline created by jmbrylski
  • Major Players in Russian Revolution

    Major Players in Russian Revolution
    Write the names of the following in your notebooks; after each name write the role that they played in the Russian Revolution. Vladimir Lenin
    Czar Nicholas II
    Factory Workers
    Czarina Alexandra
    Grigori Rasputin
    White (Mensheviks) Army
    Women Textile Workers
    Romanov Children
    Red (Bolsheviks) Army
    Leon Trotsky
    Joseph Stalin Link:
    Revolution in 360
  • Alexander III clings to autocracy

    Alexander III clings to autocracy
    Czar demands absolute authority.
    Strict censorship and secret police
    Political prisoners sent to Siberia
    Everyone must speak Russian
    Persecuted Jews
  • Russia Industrializes

    Russia Industrializes
    Czar promotes heavy industry, high taxes, and foreign investment. Steel production increases, but not at the level of Europe.
  • Czar Nicholas II comes to power

    Czar Nicholas II comes to power
    Czar continues autocratic control and resists any changes
    Married Czarina Alexandra, who was of German and English descent
  • Industrialization brings problems

    Industrialization brings problems
    Grueling working conditions develop with low wages and child labor; trade unions are outlawed, many organize strikes
  • Revolutionary groups begin to grow

    Revolutionary groups begin to grow
    Marxists revolutionaries, called Bolsheviks, are ready to risk everything to bring change. They want communism. They disagree with the more moderate Mensheviks.
  • Japan Attacks Port Arthur

    Japan Attacks Port Arthur
    Russia breaks agreements over ownership of territories in Korea and Manchuria; Japan attacks the Russian port. News of repeated Russian losses spark unrest at home.
  • Vladimir (Ilyich Ulyanov) Lenin becomes leader

    Vladimir (Ilyich Ulyanov) Lenin becomes leader
    Lenin emerges as leader of Bolsheviks
    He is an excellent speaker and organizer, but also a
    danger to the Czar, he flees to Europe to avoid arrest
  • Bloody Sunday - The Revolution begins

    Bloody Sunday - The Revolution begins
    Workers hit the streets to petition for better working conditions, more personal freedom, and an elected national legislature. About 200,000 workers and their families approach the Czar's winter palace in St. Petersburg. The Czar's troops put down the uprising; thousands are injured; hundreds are killed.
    Bloody Sunday
  • Russia's first parliament meets

    Russia's first parliament meets
    The Duma leaders were moderates who wanted Russia to become a constitutional monarchy similar to that of Britain. The Czar does not want to relinquish any of his power; he dissolves the Duma after 10 weeks.
  • The War is On

    The War is On
    Nicholas II makes the fateful decision to drag Russia into World War I. Russia is unprepared to handle the military and economic costs. Weak Russian army has some successes against the Germans, but for the most part is trampled. Many men desert and go home.
  • Czar Nicholas heads to the front

    Czar Nicholas heads to the front
    Czar moves his headquarters to the front lines to rally the troops to victory. Czarina Alexandra is left to run the government.
  • The Mad Monk

    The Mad Monk
    Rasputin, a self described "holy man," befriends the Czarina with the promise to heal her ailing son. He is allowed to make key political decisions. Those close to the family fear the "Mad Monk" and his influence; a plot to kill him is devised and carried out.
  • The March Revolution

    The March Revolution
    Women texlie workers in Petrograd lead a citywide strike. The next five days are filled with riots over shortages of bread and fuel. The Czar orders his troops to put down the protest; the troops refuse to fire on the people - the Czar loses control and is forced to step down. The 300 year Romanov rule comes to an end.
  • Provisional Government is set up

    Provisional Government is set up
    Alexander Kerensky takes over but decides to continue fighting WWI. Conditions in Russia worsen; peasants want land, workers want higher wages and better working conditions, and soldiers are tired of fighting They set up local councils called Soviets.
  • Lenin returns: "Peace, Land, and Bread!"

    Lenin returns: "Peace, Land, and Bread!"
    Lenin returns with the help of the Germans. Without warning, armed factory workers storm the winter palace in Petrograd. They call themseleves the Bolshevik Red Guards and take power.
  • The War Comes to an End

    The War Comes to an End
    Russia and Germany sign the treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Russia surrenders a large part of its territory to Germany and its allies.
    Opposition to the Bolsheviks forms.
  • The End of the Romanovs

    The End of the Romanovs
    The Bolsheviks believe the only way to win the Revolution is to destroy the Czar. The family, after being held under house arrest for many months, is executed in a basement room. The end of a dynasty.
    Romanov's Death
  • Civil War Breaks Out

    Civil War Breaks Out
    Civil war rages between the Reds and the Whites, those loyal to the Czar. Several western nations including the United States, send military aid to help the White Army. Leon Trotsky, a very competent leader leads the Reds to victory. Millions die from the battles, famine and disease.
  • Lenin Rules

    Lenin Rules
    The Communists take control under Lenin. Lenin temporarily puts aside his plan for a state-controlled economy, instead he resorts to a small-scale version of capitalism called the New Economic Policy (NEP). Russia starts to rebuild.
  • Lenin suffers a stroke

    Lenin suffers a stroke
    Lenin survives the stroke, however a struggle for power begins between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Lenin warns of the dangers of Staliin; but Stalin works behind the scenes to maneuver himself into power.
  • The U.S.S.R. is born

    The U.S.S.R. is born
    The country is named the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), in honor of the soviet councils that helped launch the Bolshevik Revolution.
  • Man of Steel

    Man of Steel
    Lenin dies and Stalin takes control; Trotsky is forced into exile. Stalin establishes a communist state as a totalitarian dictator.
  • What are they saying?

    What are they saying?
    Twitter started in March 2006; let's imagine that the people of the Russian Revolution had access to "tweets." What would they be tweeting about? Fill in the twitter form to show your knowledge of the Revolution. Use the # and @ symbols and illustrate the template. Option A: Tweet as a person from our timeline (you can also tweet as a member of a group)
    Option B: Tweet a conversation between two or more people from the list.
    Option C: Tweet as five different people from the list.
  • Period: to

    The Russian Revolution

    Students will understand the sequence of events and the major players in the Russian Revolution.