Art History Timeline: AP Euro

Timeline created by johnviolini
  • Jan 1, 1250

    The Illuminated Manuscript

    The Illuminated Manuscript
    The Illuminated Manuscript reflects how the Medieval period and its art heavily reflected on religion and reaching salvation. The illuminated manuscripts reflect how influential the church was on people's daily lives.
  • Jan 1, 1504

    Michelangelo's Statue of David

    Michelangelo's Statue of David
    Michelangelo's Statue of David during the Renaissance reflected the new birth in the interest in science and anatomy during this time period. People became more interested in how to make art look more realistic and how a human actually looks. Other key pieces of art during the time included Leonardo Davinci's notebook, and his famous painting, The Mona Lisa.
  • Supper at Emmaus

    Supper at Emmaus
    The Supper at Emmaus by Caravaggio was one of the standout pieces during the Baroque period. This painting reflects the emotional and dramatic style during this period. The Baroque period was very dramatic and emotional due to the high religious tensions of the Age. Other popular art pieces included Castiglione's Christ Chasing Moneylenders in the Temple
  • The White Hat

    The White Hat
    The White Hat by Jean-Baptiste Greuze is one of the standout paintings from the Rococo period. This painting reflects the rise of the wealthy middle class in France, specifically their interest in the arts. Other popular paintings included, Franćois Boucher's Leda and the Swan.
  • The Death of Marat

    The Death of Marat
    The Death of Marat by Jacques-Louis David was one of the most popular pieces of the Neoclassical era. This piece reflects the time during the French Revolution that occurred during this era. It also uses many colors and techniques that were used by ancient Greek and Roman artists. Other popular art pieces of this era included The Valpincon Bather by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres.
  • The Sun has Long Been Set

    The Sun has Long Been Set
    The Sun has Long Been Set by William Wordsworth is a great example of Romantic Literature. The poem focuses on many of the elements of Romantic literature such as the heavy focus on emotions and imagination. Other popular Romantic literature include The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne.
  • Jane Eyre

    Jane Eyre
    Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë is a representation of Gothic Literature. The story consists of many elements of dark and victorian literature. Another victorian novel would be Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.
  • Sunrise

    Sunrise by Claude Monet was a standout piece of the impressionist era. The era of impressionist expressed the new interest in color and the outdoors in France. Other popular art pieces include Van Gogh's self portraits and other paintings.
  • The Scream

    The Scream
    The Scream by Edvard Munch was one of the most popular paintings during the period of Expressionism. This painting and period reflect​ how the world felt during all the changes brought on during conflicts such as WWI. Other popular Expressionist paintings include Large Blue Horses by Franz Marc.
  • The Persistence of Memory

    The Persistence of Memory
    The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali is one of the popular paintings of the Surrealist movement. The paintings during the surrealist movement expressed the new thought of this time period. Other popular art pieces included Rene Magritte's, The Son of Man.
  • The Weeping Woman

    The Weeping Woman
    The Weeping Woman by Pablo Picasso during the Cubism Movement greatly reflects the World after WWI. This painting is able to show how everyone is weeping the loss of their loved ones after a very devastating war. Other popular pieces​ of art in this movement include the Houses at Estaque by Georges Braque.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1300

    The Medieval Period

    During the Middle Ages, art was categorized in three main styles: Byzantine, Romanesque, and Gothic. Most works of art could only be commissioned by the very rich, and a majority were done in the patronage of the church and are religious in subject matter. This reflects the society of the time — the church heavily influenced politics and day-to-day activities centered around the local church and church holidays. Popular artists and writers included Simone Martini and Nicola Pisano.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1300

    The Renaissance

    Art during the Renaissance reflected the new ideas and attitudes introduced in this period of history. New ideas such as humanism put the focus on human interest, needs, and abilities. These new ideas changed how artists painted and what they chose to paint. The Renaissance if often divided into two periods the Early Renaissance and the High Renaissance. Popular artists in this era included Donatello, Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci.
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    The Baroque Period

    The Baroque style focused on religious paintings in the Catholic Church. The art style was much more emotional and dramatic, full of life and movement. The art usually featured action and movement, people fighting, angels flying, and people cowering in fear. This art reflected the dramatic religious tensions of the age. Popular artists included, Caravaggio and Castiglione.
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    The Rococo Period

    The Rococo Period occurred in early to late 18th century France. The movement influenced the many aspects of art included painting, sculpture, and literature. The art reflected the rise in the influential and wealthy middle class in France. The Rococo period of art is often characterized by an elegant and refined style. Popular Rococo artists included François Boucher and Jean-Baptiste Greuze.
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    The Neoclassicism Period

    Neoclassicism was the predominant movement in European art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The Neoclassical movement wanted to try to reflect the forms of classical art from ancient Greek and Rome. This period reflected the European Age of Enlightenment because many of the ancient Greek and Roman ideals were a part of the Age of Enlightenment. Popular artists included Anton Raphael​ Mengs and Jacques-Louis David.
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    The Romanticism Period

    Romanticism was a cultural movement that started in Europe. The movement was a reflection of the Industrial revolution which occurred during this period. Romantic art focused heavily on emotions, feeling, and imagination. Most paintings involved beautiful landscapes and religion. Popular artists and writers included William Blake, Thomas Cole, and William Wordsworth
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    The Victorian Period

    The Victorian Period saw the revival of the classic style of the previous century, specifically the gothic revival. The gothic revival reflected the industrial revolution as they occurred at the same time. The gothic style was popular in art, literature, and architecture. The literature and art were often very dark and emotional. The art also featured vibrant and dark colors. Popular writers and artists included Charlotte Brontë and William Hunt.
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    The Impressionism Movement

    Impressionism arose when young French artists chose to rebel against the art critics to form a new style of art all on their own. Impressionism was all about capturing a specific moment in time. The art was heavily focused on light and color of a moment, which is why they often painted scenes outdoors.The art reflects the want for freedom in this era. Popular artists include Claude Monet and Edgar Degas.
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    The Expressionism Movement

    The Expressionism movement started in Germany, with artists wanting to paint about emotion. Such as anger, anxiety, or peacefulness. Although this was not a completely new idea in art, this was the first time this type of art was given a name. Expressionism was a reflect of the terrible things happening in society such as WWI. Popular artists included Edvard Munch and Max Beckman.
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    The Cubism Movement

    Cubism was an art movement popularized by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Cubism looks at objects in new ways in an effort to depict three dimensions on a flat canvas. Cubism paved the way for art movements in the 20th century. Many cubism paintings depict scenes from WWI and other world issues in the 1920s.
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    The Surrealism Movement

    Surrealism began as a philosophical​ movement that said the way to find the truth in the war through the subconscious mind and dreams, instead of logical thought. The movement inspired many artists, writers, and poets. Surrealism art usually made little sense as it was trying to depict a dream or a random thought. Popular Surrealist artists or writers included Salvador Dali and André Breton.