2017Jay Lohman Dalat word history

Timeline created by jtlohman
In History
  • 7,650 BCE

    3.1-Mesopotamia-Irragation

    A way to supply water in droughts and keep water at the same level in floods.
  • 7,500 BCE

    3.1-Mesopotamia-Food Surplus

    The Mesopotamians had extra food from farming and they decided they would do their own hobbies. They started a division of labor or as we know it jobs.
  • 5,900 BCE

    3.3-Sumer-Smarts

    Sumerians made advances medically, mathematically, and technologically. They made healing drugs from herbs. They made wheels and wagons. And they made a numbering system of 60.
  • 5,200 BCE

    3.3-Sumer-Cuneiform

    Cuneiform was the Sumerians first language they could write down. This was a series of wedges in a line that made a sentence. They made this by carving these wedges out with a sharp tool called a stylus in wet clay.
  • 3,150 BCE

    4.1-Egypt-First Dynasty

    The first dynasty started with Menes the Pharaoh with the cool double crown. This is important because nobody could become king or queen within being in the family unless he or she took over the kingdom.
  • 3,100 BCE

    4.1-Egypt-Uniting Under Menes

    Menes ruled in upper Egypt and he wanted to unite upper and lower Egypt as one kingdom. So that's exactly what he did he marched his troops down there took over and united each side and became the first pharaoh.
  • 2,300 BCE

    India, Location

    India's location is very defensive and hard to attack to the North was The Himalayan Mountains and the Indian Kush Mountains to the west east and south is the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. This is important because this makes India very safe.
  • 2,300 BCE

    3.2-Akkadian-Sargon

    Sargon was born in Sumerian he was raised by Sumerians he rebelled against his king and took over Kish. As he was king he decided I need more land so he broke the peace between him and Sumeria and built a new capital on the Euphrates River called Akad. Sargon built up his army and eventually took over all Sumer city states establishing the worlds first Empire.
  • 2,250 BCE

    4.2-Egypt-Pyramids

    Big stone tombs with four triangular sides made for pharaohs.
  • 2,200 BCE

    4.2-Egypt-Mummies

    Mummies are body's of people who are wrapped in a cloth that was treated to keep the body in a good condition. This was only done to the people that had enough money to pay for it. They also did this so the souls of the dead people would be pleased with their family.
  • 2,200 BCE

    India, Four Varnas

    The four Varnas are India's social hierarchy on top was the Brahmins or Hindu Priests second were Kshatriyas the rulers or warriors third was the Vaisyays the farmers, craftsmen, and traders forth was the Sudras workers and servants. last was the untouchables the people who broke the caste system and if you touched them you would become an untouchable as well. the only way to brake the caste system was to hang out with people in a different caste.
  • 2,000 BCE

    3.2-Mesopotamia-City States

    A city state is a Urban area with rural areas all around it.
  • 2,000 BCE

    India, Aryan Migration

    In 2000 BC the Aryans first arrived in India so these people are the equivalent of the first settlers of North America. They spread throughout India starting their own civilizations.
  • 2,000 BCE

    India, Caste System

    The caste system was a set groups that you could hang out in and only in them you couldn't be with or interact with other groups. The highest were the Brahmins or priests. Then were the Kshatriyas or warriors and rulers third was the vaisyas traders farmers and craftsman. Fourthly was the Sudra servants and workers and last were the untouchables who were very unlucky people. If you interacted with them you would be an untouchable. This is important because you can't be what tou want.
  • 1,770 BCE

    3.3-Babylon-Hammurabi Code

    Hammurabi's Code was a set of 282 laws that were part of daily life. The people must follow them or they would get very brutal punishments. And if you hurt a rich man the punishments were worse than a poor man. This is an important because today we have fare laws for each other in daily life.
  • 1,750 BCE

    4.3-Egypt-Middle Kingdom

    End of the old Kingdom this started when a king won a war that led years of peace.
  • 1,550 BCE

    4.3-Egypt-New kingdom

    The Knew kingdom was the third and last kingdom. This kingdom came after the middle kingdom and started because of Ahmose he took over this area and started the New Kingdom. This kingdom was also known for being at their rise in power so they were at the best point in this time.
  • 1,500 BCE

    4.5-Kush-Trouble Shooting

    Egypt and Kush were friends in trade. these relationships aren't always peaceful Kush was getting richer and building up their army, so Egypt decided to cut them down before they could do anything making Kush part of Egypt. This is important because Egypt could have been attacked and lost making Egypt Kush.
  • 1,500 BCE

    6.1-China-Shang Dynasty

    The first dynasty of China was the Shang dynasty established in the1500'BC. This was the strongest in the Huang He Valley.
  • 1,500 BCE

    8.1-Greece-Acropolis

    The acropolis was a big fort on a high hill surrounded by walls so when they were attacked they could go into the walls and be safe.
  • 1,100 BCE

    6.2-China-Zhou Dynasty

    The Zhou dynasty took over the Shang dynasty and was the longest lasting dynasty. They used Confucianism.
  • 1,000 BCE

    3.3-Phoenicia-The Alphabet

    The Phoenicians created they the same alphabet that we used today. This is important because now we can write to each other.
  • -753 BCE

    10.1-Rome-Romulus and Remus

    Romulus and Remus as babies were put in baskets and thrown in the Tiber River. But they didn't drown because a wolf saved them. This wolf took them as its own children and raised them. But one day a Shepard found them and adopted them. When they grew up they decided to build a city where the wolf saved them. Through this Remus mocked his brother about one of his ideas. Angered by this Romulus Killed Remus and named the city Rome after himself.
  • -701 BCE

    4.5-Egypt-Conquest of Egypt

    Egypt thought they had totally scared away Kush but the Kushites regained their power since Egypt had just attacked Kerma they were greatly weakened so Kush took this opportunity and attacked Egypt conquering upper Egypt. The Kush king died so his son Piankhi took over and he eventually took over all of Egypt and died shortly after.
  • -680 BCE

    8.3-Greece-Mythology

    Mythology was a belief that there are many Gods to rule different things. And to honor Zeus the king of Gods they made the olympics. Originally the olympics only had one game but as the years went on they added more games until it ended up like it is today.
  • -613 BCE

    12.2-Arabia-Muslims I thought they were Arabs

    Muhammad was a prophet and the people believe that every time a new prophet comes you have to follow his rules. Muhammad was the last prophet. So he made his own rules and teachings for the people. Now they have to follow the religious beliefs he said to do. Also he is the last prophet so they have to follow his rules forever. Then the people memorized and wrote down all his teachings in a book called the Qur’an.
  • -525 BCE

    8.2-Greece-Tyrants

    Tyrants are harsh rulers today but in Greece a long time ago it meant good leader. The people of Greece liked tyrants until The aristocrats decided they wanted to rule again. So the convinced another city state in Greece to attack the tyrant. Then the aristocrats came to power for a short while after.
  • -500 BCE

    India, Buddha

    The Buddha was a prince who decided why does this world have sorrow. So he traveled around the world asking everyone. Then after 7 weeks of fasting he sat under a tree and meditated. When he awoke he had the answer and went to tell everyone he could. This religion is called Buddhism and is trying to become nervana the enlightened one.
  • -500 BCE

    12.1-Arabia-Oases

    An Oasis is a wet fertile area in a desert why is that important? Well without oases Arabia wouldn’t have been made because this is where people would build houses. They built them here so they could have water.
  • -431 BCE

    9.2-Greece-Peloponnesian War

    This war was between the Spartans and the Athenians it started when Sparta saw Athens getting stronger. So to keep them in check Sparta declared war on Athens. The war went back and forth but nobody was winning so they declared a truce. Later Athens tried to conquer again by attacking Sicily. Sicily won and took the whole army prisoners and destroyed most of the Athenian navy. Sparta seeing this attacked Athens the Athenians couldn't take it and surrendered.
  • -400 BCE

    9.1-Greece-The Battle of Marathon

    The Battle of Marathon started when Darius invaded Greece and started a series of what historians call the Persian wars. The Athenians had only 11,000 troops and Persia had 15,000. But thanks to the clever leaders and better weapons the Greeks won.
  • -400 BCE

    10.2-Rome-The Forum

    The Roman Forum was the most important part of daily life in Rome. Why well the forum was where the markets were, politicall buildings, and where after wars The Roman soldiers would walk through with all their riches and prisoners.
  • -384 BCE

    9.4-Macedonia-Aristotle

    Aristotle was the student of Plato who was the student of Socrates. Aristotle and his teacher were thinkers. They had specific things they influenced. Aristotle's was reason and logic. Aristotle also taught Alexander the Great maybe that's why he never lost a battle he used logic and reason.
  • -359 BCE

    9.3-Macedonia-Phillip The Second

    Phillip the second was the father of Alexander the Great. Phillip took over Greece with a strategy called the Phalanx. The Phalanx was a rectangle of guys with extremely long spears. They would march forward as the enemy tried to attack by running through but would get killed. As one row died the next row went in its place. After this he came home and wanted to march in and take over Persia but he was murdered in 336BC before he could do so.
  • -300 BCE

    India, Split

    Later on some people thought you have to follow Buddhas teachings exactly others thought you don't have to follow his teachings exactly to be nervana. So these groups split up into Theravada who follow Buddha exactly and the Mahayana who didn't follow his exact teachings.
  • -221 BCE

    6.3-China-Qin Dynasty

    Shi Huangdi defeated all of the warring states in 221. He then named himself Shi Huangdi. He followed legalism and had very brutal consequences. For example he buried 460 scholars alive because they disagreed with him. He didn't share any power with the lords.
  • -206 BCE

    6.4-China-Han Dynasty

    Liu Bang was the first emperor to be chosen by the Mandate of Heaven that was a peasant. He was liked by his warriors and peasants because the community valued them very highly. He followed he followed a less brutal legalism.
  • -63 BCE

    11.2-Rome-Christianity

    Christianity is a monotheistic religion. Rome’s religion was to pray to all the gods because they didn’t know who was real. so when Christianity came they didn’t understand it or like it. So they basically started to persecute the Jews. But every time they killed a Jew the emperor made another follower of Jesus so while the people thought they had shut this odd religion out. It was actually growing.
  • -44 BCE

    11.1-Rome-Octavian

    Octavian was Ceasars son he ruled with Marc Antony. These to men killed the magistrates that murdered Ceasar. Later Marc married Octavia Octavians sister. Then Marc met Cleopatra and divorced Octavia and married Cleopatra. Octavian took this as an insult and started to hunt Marc. To not get caught by Octavian they committed suicide. Then Octavian gave “all his power to the senate”. They named him Augustus which means revered one.
  • 200

    11.3-Rome-The End

    Rome grew a lot so they couldn’t defend all their land so people wouldn’t attack them they made German farmers feed them. But Germany was allies with Rome’s enemies. So when the goths would attack the Germans would just let them through without being attacked. Rome had grown so week they couldn’t defend against the local villager goths and were attacked and destroyed the western part of Rome. However the eastern half was defended and lasted for another 1,000 years.
  • 218

    10.3-Rome/Carthage-Scipio Africanus

    Scipio Africanus was a great dictator who fought off Hannibal. Hannibal was the General of Carthage.And Rome was their enemy so Hannibal tried to invade Sicily but Rome kicked them out.Then Hannibal wanted to attack Rome so he took the long way lost a bunch of troops came in started destroying Rome didn’t like. So scipio attacked Carthage to get Hannibal out and drew them back and attacked them Rome came out as the winners.
  • 230

    6.5-China-Silk

    The Chinese people of the Han dynasty found out how to make silk. This was a very good fabric because it was light and cool in the summer and warm in winter. They would not tell anyone how to make silk because it was very sacred to China.
  • 800

    MDC12-Math

    The Arabs made the number system we use today. Otherwise we would be using Roman numerals. They also made algebra books and a book about the new number system called Arabic Numerals.
  • 1200

    12.3-Arabia-Ottoman Empire

    The Ottoman Empire was ruled by Mehmed the 2. Mehmed known as the conqueror because he took down Rome. But what made his army strong was the Christian boys he conquered. They are called janissaries he converted them to Islam and they became fierce warriors. Also he helped repair and build up much of his land.
  • 1450

    12.4-Arabia-Medicine

    Muslims made many great advances but medicine was considered to be their best. One doctor found the cure for a deadly virus called smallpox. Also they opened the first pharmacy school so people could learn to make and use medicine. They also created a medicine encyclopedia that was used throughout the 1600s.
  • 4.4-Egypt-Rosetta Stone

    The Rosetta Stone was a slab of Egyptian hieroglyphics with Greek writing underneath it to show what is saying so we can read Egyptian hieroglyphics.
  • 4.4-Egypt-A Special Tomb

    In 1922 we found the tomb of King Tutankhamen this gave us lots of information about Egyptian arts.
  • USA, I was born

    Every body was super siked I was born!
  • 8.3-MDC Greece-Olympics

    The olympics are a series of sports that you compete in to win. It started in Greece to honor the Greek God Zeus.This is related to us today because we do the olympics every four years and is one of the most celebrated competitions today.
  • 6-MDC- silk

    The creation of silk is used today in many people's lives for clothing.This was created in the Han dynasty.
  • 9-MDC-Euclid

    Euclid was an amazing mathematician that specialized in geometry. Geometry is the studie of shapes. He was so good that the method of geometry we learn in school he made. This method is called Euclidean geometry.
  • 10-MDC-Checks and Balances

    Checks and balances is a system that makes sure that no one person or group gains to much power. This is a modern day connection because countries around the world still use this system to keep under control.
  • 11-MDC-Ruins

    Since Rome was such a big place it left lots of ruins around today. These ruins are tourist trap many people flock there to see these beautiful old ruins.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Early Fertile Crescent People

    Sumerians,Akkadians,Phoenicians,Chaldeans,Assyrians,Hittites and Kassites,and Babylonians.
  • Period:
    2,300 BCE
    to
    500

    Ancient India

    The time of repenting.
  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    8-Greece-Head Start

    The Greeks were located in a very special spot. They had many islands so it was harder to be taken over. And they were expert boatmen.
  • Period:
    1,500 BCE
    to
    220

    6-China-Era

    The beginning of China. China's first dynasty was the Shang dynasty.this is one of many.
  • Period:
    -753 BCE
    to
    -78 BCE

    10 The Roman

    Rome grew from a small town in Italy to becoming the center of the world. Rome made many advances in engineering, architecture, laws, and government. A new religion called Christianity popped up and started to spread.
  • Period:
    -550 BCE
    to
    -30 BCE

    9 Ancient Greece

    During Ancient Greece many wars happened and it sprung up some very famous legendary fighters like Alexander the Great and the Spartans.
  • Period:
    -500 BCE
    to

    12-Islamic And African Civilizations

    Follow the Muslim people through their journey with Islam and how they survived in these desert environments. Were the Muslims an empire or were they scientists.
  • Period:
    -50 BCE
    to
    1453

    11-Rome-Roma and Christianity

    This chapter is about how Christianity is revealed to the Romans. Follow this timespan to see if the Romans like Christianity or not. Also see if Rome grows shrinks and splits.