2017 Owen Lai Dalat World History

Timeline created by oew225
In History
  • 10,000 BCE

    3.1- Mesopotamia- First people

    The hunter-gatheres first arrive in Mesopotamia.
  • 7,000 BCE

    3.1- Mesopotamia- Agriculture

    First farmers start agriculture for the first time. The start of irrigation and and food surpluses which lead to division of labor.
  • 4,000 BCE

    3.1- Mesopotamia- First cities

    The first cities are built due to the amount if people and the food surplus.
  • 3,500 BCE

    4.5- Nubia- Ancient Kush

    The Kushites lived in Nubia and developed a civilization along the Nile with fertile land. Nubia was rich with minerals and made it wealthy. In 2000 BC a leader took control and became king. Kush and Egypt trade, but were also enemies.Times of being each others territories. Kush trade made them wealthy also affected their culture. Kush fell gradually as they took to many natural resources. Due to lack of products they was less trade then King Ezana took over Kush never regained power in 350 AD.
  • 3,200 BCE

    4.1- Egypt- Ancient Egypt

    The Nile River civilization is developing and due to the floods of the Nile there are food surpluses and the deserts, cataracts, and the seas around them protect them so they flourish. The first pharaohs are rulers and the the first dynasty. King Menes unfies Lower and Upper Egypt. First pharaoh and first dynasty. Menes stabilized lower and upper Egypt. Made stronger connections between the two.
  • 3,200 BCE

    4.4- Egypt- Egypt Achievements

    Hieroglyphics was Egypt's writing system it was one of the first writing systems.The Egyptians wrote on papyrus a long lasting, material made from reeds. The Rosetta Stone has greatly helped us to understand hieroglyphics it has translation to modern day languages. Sphinxes are imaginary creatures with bodies of lions and heads of humans or people. Obelisks are tall four-sided pillars that are pointed on the top. King Tut's grave that wasn't robbed helped us to learn about beliefs and practices.
  • 3,100 BCE

    4.1- Egypt- religion

    Religion is unified and pharaohs are believed to be gods. They believe the ka will go into the afterlife. Pyramids are built for the elite and the elite are mummified and embalmed while peasants just bury them in the desert. The book of the dead helps the ka in the afterlife your must be lighter than the feather of truth. Sphinxes made to guard the pyramids. Many temples built to be homes of the gods.
  • 2,700 BCE

    4.2- Egypt- Old Kingdom

    The Old Kinddom is born at around 2700 BC and ends at around 2200 BC. The Egyptian society is has developed and the political system is developed. Trade with its neighbors and their cultures impacted Egypt's. Khufu Madge atheist first monements and pyramids. Pharaohs esbalished as gods and rule above all except other gods. Trade starts, but not in Asia.
  • 2,500 BCE

    3.2- Mesopotamia- First civilization and empire

    The first civilization in Mesopotamia is formed Sumer. The first empire is formed led by Sargon, the Akkadians attack Sumerians and destroy Ur
  • 2,300 BCE

    5.1- Indus Valley- Harrapans and the geography of India.

    India is a subcontinent with seasonal flooding from monsoons. India is surrounded by mountain ranges and oceans. The first Harrapans devolved around rivers, but soon grew to cities. Due to the food surpluses the Harrapans were thriving. The first cities were Harrapa and Mohejo Daro. The Harrapans evolved plumbing, art, and a writing system they collapsed in 1700 BC
  • 2,250 BCE

    3.3- Mesopotamia- Sumerian Advances

    Sumerians create a social hierarchy, cuneiform, epics, scribes, architecture, wheels, plow, bronze weapons, clocks, sewers, and studies in science and math.
  • 2,200 BCE

    6.1- China- Geography of China and the Xia Dynasty

    China had the Himalayas to the South and the Tibet Plateau to the West. The Pacific Ocean to the East and the Gobi desert to the North. The rivers were the Yellow, Yangzi, and the Xi. All the rivers had a source from the Pacific Ocean. The rivers provided farmland and that is how civilizations devolped. The rich had jade a hard gem. The Xi dynasty is a story about how the emperor built waterways to protect the people from flooding. The Xia dynasty had a major impact on how emperors should rule.
  • 2,050 BCE

    4.3- Egypt- Middle Kingdom

    Middle Kingdom is born at 2050 BC and ends at 1750 BC. Before Middle Kingdom nobles battled for power until a pharaoh took power and stabilized Egypt. The pharaoh was named Mentuhotep. At the end of the Middle Kingdom there was internal disorder and the Hyksos took control of Lower Egypt for 200 years. The Hyksos were from South West Asia and they had superior weapons.After 200 years, Ahmose drove them out and declared himself king of Egypt.
  • 2,000 BCE

    8.1- Greece- Geography of Greece and it's effects

    Greece geography has changed the outcome of the culture there as being a peninsula with many islands and three seas surrounding it. The Greeks were master sailors with the Mediterranean, Ionian, and the Aegean Sea. To the North were the Pindos Mountains so the Greeks mostly traveled by sea. The mountainous terrain provided little farmland which combined with being isolated by sea led to the Greeks having to sail for food, trade, and even traveling.
  • 2,000 BCE

    8.1- Greece and Crete- Minoans and Mycenaeans

    Minoans lived mainly on the island of Crete which led to sailing for everything, they devolped a trading culture which made them rich, it Crete was near to a volcano which may have led to there collapse, as with ash lava and even tsunamis, and earthquakes the civilization collapsed. As Minaoans didn't spread Greek they aren't considered Greek. The Mycenaeans did speak Greek and were considered Greek they were also master traders, but they lived on the mainland they fell apart because of a war.
  • 1,800 BCE

    3.4- Mesopotamia- Babylon and Assyrians

    Babylon becomes a powerful government under monarchs then Hammurabi's code is established. Hittites from Asia Minor and take over Babylon with chariots and iron weapons. Then Assyrians attack and capture but is then overrun. They then recover for 300 years and take Egypt, Asia Minor, and Mesopotamia including Babylon. Assyrians rule using a monarchy and local leaders.
  • 1,550 BCE

    4.3- Egypt- New Kingdom

    Begins at around 1550 BC and ends at around 1050 BC. Peak of power and glory and built Empire took control of many parts of S.W.A. Military conquest and trade made Egypt rich. Queen Hatshepsut becomes pharaoh, but her great legacy was mostly erased by unknown people. Many battles with neighbors. Many life was best at this time. Social order most stable. Rames the Great destroys enemies, but after death the Sea People take control of Egypt land in S.W.A. And Egypt never gets it back.
  • 1,500 BCE

    5.1- Indus Valley- Aryans

    The Aryans were from the Caspian Sea and went through mountain passes from the Hindu Kush mountains. Vedas were religious writings written by Aryan priests. They lived in small communities with the leader usually being a warrior. The leaders were called rajas they gave land to the people for farming and living. Often rajas would fight against each other. The Aryans created Sanskrit which is the most important language of ancient India.
  • 1,500 BCE

    6.1- China- Shang Dynasty

    The Shang Dynasty used the feudal system and a social order with emperors to nobles to peasants. The Shang dynasty created China's first writing system. The people believed oracles which is a prediction, could tell the future. The astrologers also created a calendar based on the moon. The Shang Dynasty was based on the hard work of the farmers and how strong the army was. The Shang dynasty was to the North East of China and was the strongest at the time. The Shang dynasty ended in 1050 BC
  • 1,250 BCE

    5.2- Indus Valley- Hinduism

    Hinduism was based on the caste system which was a hierarchy of the four castes, Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, and Sudras. There was another group, but they were untouchables and were outcasts. Caste rules were strict and one caste could not interact with the other. Brahmanism is the root of Hinduism. Hindusim believes in reincarnation based on karma which is the base of the caste in the next life. Hindus are polytheistic and Hinduism is the largest religion in India today.
  • 1,100 BCE

    8.3- Greece- Greek Mythology

    Mythology is many stories of gods and heroes that explain how the world works when people don't understand it. They provided answers for scientific explanations that they didn't understand such as lightning when Zeus was angry he would send it down. The Olympics were held for the gods without mythology we might not have had the Olympics. Many temples were built to honor the gods and mythology was also included great heroes in many tales.
  • 1,100 BCE

    8.3- Greece- Greek Literature

    Their main types of literature were Epic Poems, Lyric Poems, and Fables. The most famous author of Epic Poems was Homer who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey, both were based on great heroes in the Trojan War. Lyric Poetry was poetry performed with a lyre a stringed instrument the most famous being a lady named Sappho. Then the most famous author of fables being Aesop, fables were stories that taught a lesson or morale, examples being the Ants and the Grasshopper and the Boy who Cried Wolf.
  • 1,050 BCE

    6.2- China- Zhou Dynasty

    The Xhou dynasty was the longest lasting dynasty as it was in power for 600 years from 1050- 400 BC. The Zhou expanded China, but eventually declined. The feudal system was being used and the emperor was believed to have the Mandate if Heaven. The decline started after families weakened as the feudal system was working soon the Warring States Period had begun. The period lasted for 200 years and the solutions were Confucianism and Daosim.
  • -800 BCE

    10.1- Rome- Legendary Origins of Rome

    Italy doesn’t have much flat land, to the North there were the Alps and at all other sides were seas. Mount Vesuvius was volcanic, and Rome is built upon seven hills. Rome lies along the Tiber river. Rome started when Aeneas fled from Troy after it was destroyed. He soon arrived in the Italian peninsula, Aeneas allied the Latins to defeat other tribes. Then Romulus and Remus were descendants of Aeneas, they were abandoned as babies, but they soon founded Rome when Romulus killed Remus.
  • -753 BCE

    10.1- Early Ruling System

    Romulus was the first king of Rome, the records at the time state that their were seven kings, the last three kings were Etruscan, the Etruscans spread their culture into Rome, but the last king was so cruel he was overthrown and the people had enough of kings. In 509 BC the Romans created a republic, but when challenges came Rome used dictatorship, when it was over it went back to being a republic. While plebeians and patricians didn’t have equal rights which were in favor of the patricians.
  • -750 BCE

    8.1- Greece- City States

    They city states were independently run and they called city states polis. This age was known as the. Lasso also age a age of great achievements, fortresses on hills were called acropolises. The city states started colonizing and trade developed. The marketplace was called the agora were most trades happened.
  • -750 BCE

    8.2- Government in Athens

    Greece originally was a oligarchy which is rule by a few, the few were aristocrats , rich landowners. Draco a harsh ruler made strict laws which may have led to a feeling of rebellion, so Solon made less strict laws, but it was too late. Pisistratus created a tyranny and led with force, but most tryrants were good leader. The democracy was born from Cleisthenes as all men could vote, but it was a direct democracy were everyone votes for everything, outing was done by show of hands and writing.
  • -652 BCE

    3.4- Mesopotamia and Colonial settlements-Chaldeans and Phonecians

    Chaldeans destroy the Assyrian empire and rebuild Babylon. Their greatness ruler Nebuchadnezzar rebulid Babylon. Chaldeans study Sumerian culture.The Phonecians create the first alphabet and start colonies in Africa and Europe. They trade with their incredible boats and sailors. They spread the alphabet through trade routes and colonies.
  • -599 BCE

    5.2- Indus Valley- Jainism and Sikhism

    Janism devolved from groups of people which disagreed with Hindusim, it was born in 599 BC. Mahavira was the founder and he taught that nonviolence and he believed Hinduism had too many rituals. He taught four principles tell the truth, don't steal, harm no life, and own no property.Sikhism which devolped from Guru Nanak who lived in 1400 AD. Sikhism is based on Islam and Hinduism. Sikhism is monotheistic and they believe they must find spiritual enlightenment to reach god after death.
  • -563 BCE

    5.3- Indus Valley- Buddhism

    Buddhism's founder is Siddhartha Gautama he was born in luxury, but wantd to find meaning in life and traveled India. He fasted and mediated to find enlightenment. He found four principles about Human suffering. After finding enlightenment he was soon called the Buddha which means the enlightened one. He believed you would reincarnate until you found enlightenment and went to nirvana a state of perfect peace. He devolped the eightfold path. He died in 483 BC, his ideas challenged Hindusim.
  • -550 BCE

    9.1- Persian Empire- Cyrus' and Cambyses' Empire

    Cyrus the Great took control in 550 BC after he led a revolt against the Medes, soon Persia had independence and they conquered the Medes. Then he conquered Syria, Asia Minor, and Israel, but he let conquered states continue their cultures so he was well respected. Cyrus used cavalry and immortals, the immortals were well trained soldiers. The Cambyses the son of Cyrus took control after his father' death, he conquered Egypt, but a revolt occurred in Persia leading to his death.
  • -550 BCE

    5.2- Greece- Sparta and Athens

    Sparta was a military nation, they focused on the power of the body, so their helots, wouldn't revolt. Spartan men spent most of their time in the military, it was very harsh. Women had moderate rights, such as owning property. They also received training, but they didn't do housework, the helots did that. Sparta was a oligarchy , while Athens was a democracy. Athens also had physical training, but they focused on the mind, Women had almost no rights. Only the rich had received comlex education.
  • -550 BCE

    9.4- Greece- Greek Art and Philosophy

    The Greeks were know for accurate and life like art, most based on mythology. Greeks started writing plays and their history too. Philosophers started to reject mythology as the way the world works they challenged the mind. Socrates was the father of philosophy he taught Plato and he revolutionized knowledge, such as the Socratic method. Plato taught Aristotle, Plato taught about the perfect society, and he created the Academy. Aristotle taught Alexander the Great, he believed in reason.
  • -550 BCE

    9.4- Greece- Science and Math

    Euclid gave us geometry, and he devoted his life too it. Later Hypatia gave us math and astronomy. Greek doctors studied the human body and how it works, they also cured many diseases. Hippocrates taught us how doctors should act and what causes diseases. Greek engineers gave us the water screw and coin machines too.
  • -521 BCE

    9.1- Greece and Persian Empire- Darius and Xerxes

    Darius killed all opposition, he organized the empire into 20 provinces run by satraps,they were under Darius. Darius built many roads, including the Royal Road. He then created the religion Zoroastrianism. Darius conquered the Indus Valley, but then a revolt broke out, but Greece was in support of the revolt so Darius went to destroy them. This started the Persian wars, but the Greeks won. Then Darius' son, Xerxes, went to conquer Greece, but he failed and Greece was free from rule.
  • -509 BCE

    10.3- Italy- The Growth of Rome

    The Roman Republic grew very quickly, but then the Gauls conquered them and asked for money, so the Romans payed them money, but all other empires wanted to invade Rome as they would give them money, but Rome would have none of it so they started conquering Italy. The Romans used legions and centuries they were very organized. The Republic grew because of their farming and trade, Rome started to become a superpower in their military and economy. They even had an increase in trade and farming.
  • -500 BCE

    6.2- China- Confucianism, Daoism. and Legalism

    Confucianism was started by the man, Confucius. China must have ethnics or moral ideas. The Analects a book written by Confucius told people must honor each other and lead by example. Daoism is based on the belief of the Dao which means the way. They taught that the Dao would guide all all must live in harmony and balance opposites. Laozi is famous for his teachings.Legalism is based on how everyone is evil and strict laws control people. Political philosophy and unity, efficiency through war.
  • -450 BCE

    10.2- Rome- The Laws and Forum

    At first only the patricians knew the laws so the plebeians were getting arrested for unknown laws, so the plebeians requested the laws to be placed in the forum so all could see. The laws consisted of twelve tables.The Roman Forum was the center of Rome as a public place for all. The Forum had markets, temples, and even the goverment buldings. The Forum was also a popular place to give speeches.
  • -431 BCE

    9.2- Greece- Peloponesian War

    Athens and Sparta started to colonize around them p, then the Atenians created the Delian league, but Athens was using the alliance, so the Spartans created the Peloponian League. Sparta wanted to stop Athens from being an empire, Spartans surrounded Athens, to starve them, but merchants were helping Athens by bringing food, the Athenian navy soon attacked causing Sparta to defend, then a disease was in Athens, so a truce was called, till Athens broke the truce, and Sparta conquered Athens.
  • -400 BCE

    10.2- Rome- Roman Goverment

    There were the Magistrates who served for one year, the two most powerful were the consuls. Some of them were judges while others we the city’s planners. The Senate meets to advice consuls, but they served for life. They had 300 members, but the magistrates became senators after their term so the senate became to powerful, due to fear.The Assembly and Tribunes represented the common people and they could veto decisions.The Romans used a tripartite and the checks and balance system.
  • -359 BCE

    9.3- Macedonian Emipire- Philip II and Alexander the Great

    Philip spent the first year defending Macedonia, then he conquered Greece. Philip used the phalanx with 16 ft long spears in a square formation, he also used archers and cavalry. He wanted to take Persia, but he was murdered in 336 BC. So his son Alexander the Great, suppressed a revolt in Greece and he attacked the larger Persian Empire, he then crushed the Persia without a loss,he wanted to conquer India, but his troops refused,so he marched back, he later died to a sickness in Babylon 323 BC.
  • -323 BCE

    9.3- Macedonian Empire- Hellenistic Empire

    Alexander the Great had spread Hellenistic ideas.After his death his generals split his empire into 3 parts Hellenistic Macedonia, Syria, and Egypt. Hellenistic Macedonia was the most Greek, but they had the weakest government and they were conquered by the Romans in 150 BC. Hellenistic Syria had most diverse cultures, the people revolted causing weakness so the Romans conquered them in 60 BC. Hellenistic Egypt focused on knowledge, but they encouraged Greek culture, they fell in 30 BC.
  • -320 BCE

    5.4- Indus Valley- Mauryan Empire

    Candragupta Maurya took control of the northern part of India and the empire was born and lasted for 150 years. He had a massive army with a network of spies, 600,000 soldiers, and thousand of elephants. In 301 BC Candragupta became a Jainist monk so he had to give up the throne. Asoka took control of most of India in 270 BC. He became Buddhist which helped the country's people more, but after his death the empire fell apart and the last king died in 184 BC which led to India becoming divided.
  • -283 BCE

    5.3- Indus Valley- Buddhism's Spread

    His followers sent missionaries to many parts of Asia and even India's kings believed in Buddhism. The missionaries were successful as the ideas were beneficial to many. The split between Buddhism gave birth to two branches, Theravada and Mahayana. The Mahayana had more followers as their beliefs wer anyone can interpret Buddha's teachings. The Theravada believed in the teachings of Buddha must be followed exactly and they were lees popular.
  • -264 BCE

    10.3- Italy- Rome Grows Beyond Italy

    Rome grew so powerful that other empires saw it as a threat. Carthage soon declared war in the Punic Wars. First Carthage was repelled from Sicily then Hannibal went through that Alps and roamed around Italy until Rome attacked Carthage. Hannibal used War Elephants, but he lost in the battle of Zara, 100 years later Carthage regained power, but Rome defeated them for the last time. Later Rome took most of Southern Europe and Northern Africa.After conquering Greece the Romans became Hellenistic.
  • -221 BCE

    6.3- China- Qin Dynasty

    The Qin dynasty was the shortest dynasty, but had one of the biggest impacts. Legalism was system that they used as they saw the feudal system as a failure. Shi Huang Di unified the 7 warring states and established 6 states. He was the first emperor and used standardization which improved trade he then built most of the Great Wall, he used convicts to build the Wall. He also created the terra-cotta army. He also wrote Shi Ji a account of his life. After his death the empire fell in 206 BC
  • -206 BCE

    6.4- China - Han dynasty

    Liu Bang was the first peasant emperor and he made China free from legalism he was trusted and loyal. Then Wudi educated leaders and used Confucianism. He strengthened family bond and put peasants under government officials. The social order was based on what the class did for the country. The revival of the family put honor first, the father had absolute power and disobedience was a crime. Strong families meant a strong China. The dynasty ended after 220 AD.
  • -206 BCE

    6.4- China- Han Achievements

    Han achievements included art and literature. They were experts at painting figures. The fu spoke in prose and poetry, the shi was short lines that could be song, both were poetry though. The Han dynasty created paper which helped trade. They also created the sundial to tell time, the seismograph told the Chinese of earthquakes and in which direction. They believed earthquakes were evil things yet to come. Acupuncture was the medicine at the time and was used to cure many illnesses.
  • -206 BCE

    6.5- Asia and Europe- Han Contacts with cultures

    The Han created silk and with that trade began to spread to distant countries. The silk made China rich and spread along the Silk Road. Silk was prized and it's secrets were well kept. The silk spread and many cultures spread. Buddhist missionaries came to China and with the Han falling the religion spread quickly and was soon one of the major religions. Diffusion occurred between cultures in China and along the Silk Road.
  • -133 BCE

    10.3- Rome- Crisis Hits Rome

    The Gracchus brothers wanted to give farmland to the poor, but the nobles didn’t like the idea so they killed the Gracchus brothers. Rome realized violence could be used as a political weapon.In 107 BC Rome needed more soldiers so Gaius Marius let the poor join so many flocked to the army for money, his troops were loyal to him, and his army apgave him political power. Then Sulla became a consul in 88 BC and he defeated Gaius Marius and he became dictator. Then Spaticus led a plebeian revolt.
  • -70 BCE

    11.1- Roman Empire- Fall of the Republic

    Cicero called for Romans to work together so the Empire would be United as one, he wanted the checks and balance system to succeed. Julius Caesar was a great generals, he took over Gaul, and and defeated all his political enemies. He then declared himself dictator for life, but the senate decided to assainate him as he was becoming too powerful.After that assignation the republic ended due to the public overthrowing the Senate.
  • -44 BCE

    11.1- Roman Empire- The Rise of the Empire and their Achievments

    Antony and Octavian would punish the Asians in the senate, but in doing so the Republic was falling, then there was a civil war between the two that Octavian won. Octavian was soon known as Augustus or the revered one. The Roman Empire had almost all the land along the Mediterranean Sea. The for 200 years there was peace or the Pax Romana. Rome bulit arches and aqueducts and the quality of life increased. Latin became known as Romance Language, then the Civil law was made.
  • -44 BCE

    11.2- Roman Empire- Religous Tolerance and Conflicts

    Then Romans conquered people were allowed to practice their religion as long as it didn’t cause a political problem, the Romans worshipped all the Gods they knew, even from other religion please them. The Jews were monotheistic, the Jews rebelled though. So the emperor, Hadrian decided to end it after the Jews rebelled, he was very harsh, so the Jews rebelled avian, so he destroyed Jerusalem and the Jews were driven out.
  • 30

    11.2- Roman Empire- Christianity

    Christianity is based on the roots of Judaism and they follow Jesus who was crucified, but resserected. His followers or the disciples recorded his life and wrote it down, the Bible. The Christians later distanced themselves form the Jews. At first the Christians didn’t cause a problem until they spread the belief and they ridiculed the rich and powerful, so the emperor persecuted them until AD 300 when Constantine became a religion and he made the official religion Christianity.
  • 200

    11.3- Roman Empire- Problems in the Empire

    The Romans didn't have enough soldiers to protect their empire so they gave up some of their land, then many groups of people attacked Rome including, Germanic tribes, Huns, and Goths. Rome was hit with disease and a loss of farmers due to safety concerns, so they gave German farmers land, but they backstabbed the Romans as they helped their people. So Diocletian split the Empire into the East and the West. Then Constantine moved the capital to Turkey, power was leaving the West and going east.
  • 200

    11.3- Roman Empire- Decline of Rome

    The Goths attacked Rome after Rome stopped paying them, Rome was destroyed in 410. Then Attila the Hun attacked. Then in 476 a foreign general named himself king and the empire fell. Rome's empire was too big, their was also corruption, their were also civil wars, then the economy fell. Justinian held the Eastern Empire, he organized new laws into the Justinian Code, his wife also stopped riots. The society in the east was called Byzantine. IN 1453 the Ottomans took over, the empire ended.
  • 320

    5.4- Indus Valley- Gupta Rule

    Under the Gupta India was reunited and began to prosper. The first emperor Candra Gupta I invaded and took control of northern India. His son took control of almost all of India. The Guptas promoted Hinduism and built many temples for them, but they also supported Buddhism and Jainism. In 370 Candra Gupta II took control of India and made India be admired by other countries. They believed the caste system would strengthen India's economy, but by the late 400's the Huns ended their rule.
  • 320

    5.5- Indus Valley- Indian Religious Achievements

    The Gupta built many Hindu and Buddhist temples. The art inside is inscribed with many events about the religion. There are beautiful works of art in the temples and the temples grew in complexity and are decorated elaborately. Religious epics have come from the two religions such as the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, they are still popular today. Many works of literature about religion are also mentioned such as poems, morals, and epics. Many achievements are based on India's religion.
  • 320

    5.5- Indus Valley- Scientific Advances

    Indians understood metallurgy which is the science of metals. They knew how to make alloys which is a mixtures of metals. Their study of metal led to iron weapons and iron which doesn't rust. They also developed the Hindu-Arabic numerals which are the numbers we use today. Doctors knew how to cure diseases and prevent them by using incoculation which basically a old version of a vaccine. They also knew how to perform surgery. India was also great in astronomy which is the study of the universe.
  • 570

    12.1- Arabia- Geography of Islam

    Arabia is a desert, with a hot climate, it does have water in oases though, there are also sand dunes, there are two ways of life, nomadic which involves caring for herds of animals and depending on them or finding oases, and sendentary including selling items in a city or market, or farming. Merchants often used caravans to get around and to maximize profit.
  • 570

    12.1- Arabia- Islam’s Beginning

    The people at the time were polytheistic, Muhammad was born the Mecca the people who were rich didn’t care for the poor, when Muhammad was 40 he went into a cave to mediate, when God told him to be his prophet, so Muhammad spread monotheism, but this angered the rich as the message was against them so they kicked him out. Islam started to spread and many people accepted this religion, the messages Muhammad received is in the Qur’an. Muhammad’s house became the first mosque.
  • 610

    12.2- Arabia- Islamic Beliefs

    Muhammad’s messages are now the Qur’an, it tells Muslims how to live their lives and what they believe in, the jihad is to make a struggle, to struggle in holiness, some have misinterpreted it to being holy war. The Sunnah Studies the Hadith and it refers to how Muslims should act and do, the five pillars tell them how they should live, is the statement of faith, daily prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage to Mecca, the Qur’anand Sunnah make up the Islamic law.
  • 610

    12.4- Arabia- Achievements

    The Muslims made achievements in astronomy, geography, most, Medicine, philosophy, art, literature, and architecture. Out of these achievements are minarets, calligraphy, astrolabe, pharmacies, Sufism, accurate maps, and combining cultures like the Brreek, Indian, and Muslim cultures. The art and architecture at this time were sponsored by patrons as they believed it was honoring God.
  • 634

    12.3- Arabia and other Territories- Islamic Empire

    After Muhammad’s death, a new leader called a caliph, lead them, his name was Abu Bakr, he lead a war to unite Arabia, and he succeeded, so Islam spread, after his death Muslims took over North Africa, Spain, and Asia Minor, they still had religous tolerance but the majority became Muslims, the berbers were people from North Africa, they resisted, but then converted to Islam, trading also spread Islam to other parts of the world. Islam also lead to many cities sprouting up.
  • 1100

    12.3- Territoy in Empires- Muslim Empires

    The Ottamans were Turkish Muslims, they took over the Byzantine Empire and they used Janissaries. Mehmed and Siley man were the greates rulers from this time. The Safavids were Persian Muslims , but they came into conflict with the Ottamans as they believed the Shia way while the Ottamans were Sunni, they believed in opposite things. The Mughals were Turkish Muslims from Asia they had religious tolerance, until a new leader abolished it, and the empire fell, the Mughals were great architects.
  • USA Owen was born

    My family rejoiced at my birth.
  • MD- Chapter 3- Hammarabi's Code

    Hammurabi's code is still a big influence over modern day laws and codes. Hammurabi's code first laws based on daily life and punishments.
  • MD- Chapter 4- Egyptian government

    Egyptian government has affected today as in our history after Egypt's pharaohs in some places we had kings simalr to pharaohs we still have some kings today. Even places without a king now may have had a king and has influenced that country's culture and what schools teach.
  • MD- Chapter 8- Greek Democarcy

    The Greeks were the first democracy, they were a direct democracy where everyone voted on everything. Now we have representative democracies where people vote for a representative to vote for them. e Greeks have impacted how we think what is freedom as many people believe speech is freedom and that is what a democracy is, without them our definition of freedom would be different and we wouldn't have democracies. The Greeks have influenced our definitions and our governments.
  • MD- Chapter 9- Hippocratic Oath

    Hippocrates the father of medicine gave us the way doctors should behave and act. The Hippocratic Oath reflects this as it says, no doctor shall ever cause harm to his or her patient on purpose. Most doctors have to take this oath today, once violated they are stripped of their degrees and certificates. Hippocrates taught how our doctors should act without it doctors could be abusing patients, we still use the concepts of the Hippocratic oath today.
  • MD- Chapter 10- Checks and Balances

    The Romans gave us the checks and balance system that we still use today. The Romans had the idea of a republic where no one should have total power. So they created a republic that was a tripartite which used a checks and balance system so decisions were just and fair. We still use that today in our republics and democratic republics, without the Romans we wouldn’t have a balanced and fair goverment.
  • MD- Chapter 11- Civil Law

    The Civil Law was a legal system based on written laws, like the one's in the Forum. Without written laws today, many people wouldn't know many laws and many would break the law due to no knowledge of the laws. Many people would be in jail for no reason, so even today we use laws that are written for everyone. The Romans needed written laws, and we still need them today.
  • MD- Chapter 12- Astrolabe

    The Muslims improved the Greek astrolabe, go accurately depict where the earth and other planets were in space. The Muslims used the Greek charts to depict where the Earth is. Without this improvement we wouldn’t accurately know about space, and where the earth is, all our astronomy is based on the astrolabe, without it we wouldn’t know where Earth was in our solar system, causing our knowledge of space to not be accurate, our knowledge about space is based on the astrolabe the Muslims improved.
  • MD- Chapter 5- Buddhism and Hinduism

    Buddhism and Hinduism are some of the biggest religions in the world today and they are the biggest in India. The development of Buddhism and Hinduism affects many cultures today and has shaped globalization and internal conflicts today. Many ethnic groups still follow these major religions. These religions are still around today and are widely followed by many. Some conflicts have occurred between the two religions and that has impacted many cultures today.
  • MD- Chapter 6- Silk Road

    The Silk Road was a major trade route with many cultures being exchanged. Now many different cultures have devolped because of the trade route. Today many cultures are influenced because of other cultures' influence es that were spread by the Silk Road.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Chapter 3- Fertile Crescent-The Early Fertile Crescent People

    Hunter-Gatheres 10000 BC-3000 BC, Sumerians 3000 BC- 2350 BC, Akkadians 2350 BC- 2300 BC, Babylonians 1800 BC-1750 BC, Hittites 1595 BC 1200 BC, Assyrians 1200 BC-652 BC, Chaldeans 612 BC- 530 BC, Phoncians 1000 BC-300 BC
  • Period:
    3,200 BCE
    to
    350

    Chapter 4- The Nile Valley-Ancient Egypt and Kush

    Ancient Egypt 3200-2700 BC Old Kingdom 2700-2200 BC Middle Kingdom 2050-1750 BC New Kingdom 1550-1050 BC Kush 3500 BC-350 AD
  • Period:
    2,300 BCE
    to
    500

    Chapter 5- Indus Valley- The people of India and their Beliefs

    Harapans 2300-1700 BC, Aryans 1500 BC- 320 AD, Hinduism 1250 BC, Buddhism 563 BC.
  • Period:
    2,200 BCE
    to
    220

    Chapter 6 - Ancient China- China

    Xia 2200 BC- 1500 BC, Shang 1500 BC- 1050 BC, Zhou 1050 BC- 400 BC, Qin 221 BC- 206 BC, Han 206 BC- 220.
  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    to
    -320 BCE

    Chapter 8- Greece- Ancient Greece

    Minoans 2000 BC- 1400 BC, Mycenaeans 1400 BC- 1200, Athenians 1100 BC- 320 BC
  • Period:
    -753 BCE
    to
    -88 BCE

    Chapter 10- The Roman Republic

    Founders of Rome 753 BC- 509 BC, Creators of the Republic 509 BC- 494 BC, Roman Republic Reformed 450 BC-387 BC, Gauls 387 BC- ?, Carthage 264 BC- 140 BC, Fall of Republic 133 BC- 88 BC.
  • Period:
    -550 BCE
    to
    -30 BCE

    Chapter 9- Greece- The Greece World

    Persia 550 BC- 332 BC, Athenians 550 BC- 404 BC, Spartans 550 BC- 332 BC, Macedonians 359 BC- 30 BC, (including Hellenistic).
  • Period:
    -70 BCE
    to
    1,453 BCE

    Chapter 11- Roman Empire- Rome and Christianity

    Western Empire AD 200- AD 476, Eastern Empire AD 200- AD 1453, United Empire 44 BC- AD 200. Jews 63 BC- AD 135, Pax Romana 20 BC- AD 180. Christians AD 30- present day, Huns and Goths AD 200- AD 476, Byzantines AD 400- AD 1453
  • Period:
    570
    to

    Chapter 12- Islam- Islamic World

    Muslims AD 610-Present Day, Islamic Empire AD 634- AD 1100, Ottomans AD 1200- AD 1800, Safavid AD 600- AD 1700, Mughals AD 1526- AD 1600.