2017 Owen Lai Dalat World History

Timeline created by oew225
In History
  • 10,000 BCE

    3.1- Mesopotamia- First people

    The hunter-gatheres first arrive in Mesopotamia.
  • 7,000 BCE

    3.1- Mesopotamia- Agriculture

    First farmers start agriculture for the first time. The start of irrigation and and food surpluses which lead to division of labor.
  • 4,000 BCE

    3.1- Mesopotamia- First cities

    The first cities are built due to the amount if people and the food surplus.
  • 3,500 BCE

    4.5- Nubia- Ancient Kush

    The Kushites lived in Nubia and developed a civilization along the Nile with fertile land. Nubia was rich with minerals and made it wealthy. In 2000 BC a leader took control and became king. Kush and Egypt trade, but were also enemies.Times of being each others territories. Kush trade made them wealthy also affected their culture. Kush fell gradually as they took to many natural resources. Due to lack of products they was less trade then King Ezana took over Kush never regained power in 350 AD.
  • 3,200 BCE

    4.1- Egypt- Ancient Egypt

    The Nile River civilization is developing and due to the floods of the Nile there are food surpluses and the deserts, cataracts, and the seas around them protect them so they flourish. The first pharaohs are rulers and the the first dynasty. King Menes unfies Lower and Upper Egypt. First pharaoh and first dynasty. Menes stabilized lower and upper Egypt. Made stronger connections between the two.
  • 3,200 BCE

    4.4- Egypt- Egypt Achievements

    Hieroglyphics was Egypt's writing system it was one of the first writing systems.The Egyptians wrote on papyrus a long lasting, material made from reeds. The Rosetta Stone has greatly helped us to understand hieroglyphics it has translation to modern day languages. Sphinxes are imaginary creatures with bodies of lions and heads of humans or people. Obelisks are tall four-sided pillars that are pointed on the top. King Tut's grave that wasn't robbed helped us to learn about beliefs and practices.
  • 3,100 BCE

    4.1- Egypt- religion

    Religion is unified and pharaohs are believed to be gods. They believe the ka will go into the afterlife. Pyramids are built for the elite and the elite are mummified and embalmed while peasants just bury them in the desert. The book of the dead helps the ka in the afterlife your must be lighter than the feather of truth. Sphinxes made to guard the pyramids. Many temples built to be homes of the gods.
  • 2,700 BCE

    4.2- Egypt- Old Kingdom

    The Old Kinddom is born at around 2700 BC and ends at around 2200 BC. The Egyptian society is has developed and the political system is developed. Trade with its neighbors and their cultures impacted Egypt's. Khufu Madge atheist first monements and pyramids. Pharaohs esbalished as gods and rule above all except other gods. Trade starts, but not in Asia.
  • 2,500 BCE

    3.2- Mesopotamia- First civilization and empire

    The first civilization in Mesopotamia is formed Sumer. The first empire is formed led by Sargon, the Akkadians attack Sumerians and destroy Ur
  • 2,300 BCE

    5.1- Indus Valley- Harrapans and the geography of India.

    India is a subcontinent with seasonal flooding from monsoons. India is surrounded by mountain ranges and oceans. The first Harrapans devolved around rivers, but soon grew to cities. Due to the food surpluses the Harrapans were thriving. The first cities were Harrapa and Mohejo Daro. The Harrapans evolved plumbing, art, and a writing system they collapsed in 1700 BC
  • 2,250 BCE

    3.3- Mesopotamia- Sumerian Advances

    Sumerians create a social hierarchy, cuneiform, epics, scribes, architecture, wheels, plow, bronze weapons, clocks, sewers, and studies in science and math.
  • 2,200 BCE

    6.1- China- Geography of China and the Xia Dynasty

    China had the Himalayas to the South and the Tibet Plateau to the West. The Pacific Ocean to the East and the Gobi desert to the North. The rivers were the Yellow, Yangzi, and the Xi. All the rivers had a source from the Pacific Ocean. The rivers provided farmland and that is how civilizations devolped. The rich had jade a hard gem. The Xi dynasty is a story about how the emperor built waterways to protect the people from flooding. The Xia dynasty had a major impact on how emperors should rule.
  • 2,050 BCE

    4.3- Egypt- Middle Kingdom

    Middle Kingdom is born at 2050 BC and ends at 1750 BC. Before Middle Kingdom nobles battled for power until a pharaoh took power and stabilized Egypt. The pharaoh was named Mentuhotep. At the end of the Middle Kingdom there was internal disorder and the Hyksos took control of Lower Egypt for 200 years. The Hyksos were from South West Asia and they had superior weapons.After 200 years, Ahmose drove them out and declared himself king of Egypt.
  • 1,800 BCE

    3.4- Mesopotamia- Babylon and Assyrians

    Babylon becomes a powerful government under monarchs then Hammurabi's code is established. Hittites from Asia Minor and take over Babylon with chariots and iron weapons. Then Assyrians attack and capture but is then overrun. They then recover for 300 years and take Egypt, Asia Minor, and Mesopotamia including Babylon. Assyrians rule using a monarchy and local leaders.
  • 1,550 BCE

    4.3- Egypt- New Kingdom

    Begins at around 1550 BC and ends at around 1050 BC. Peak of power and glory and built Empire took control of many parts of S.W.A. Military conquest and trade made Egypt rich. Queen Hatshepsut becomes pharaoh, but her great legacy was mostly erased by unknown people. Many battles with neighbors. Many life was best at this time. Social order most stable. Rames the Great destroys enemies, but after death the Sea People take control of Egypt land in S.W.A. And Egypt never gets it back.
  • 1,500 BCE

    5.1- Indus Valley- Aryans

    The Aryans were from the Caspian Sea and went through mountain passes from the Hindu Kush mountains. Vedas were religious writings written by Aryan priests. They lived in small communities with the leader usually being a warrior. The leaders were called rajas they gave land to the people for farming and living. Often rajas would fight against each other. The Aryans created Sanskrit which is the most important language of ancient India.
  • 1,500 BCE

    6.1- China- Shang Dynasty

    The Shang Dynasty used the feudal system and a social order with emperors to nobles to peasants. The Shang dynasty created China's first writing system. The people believed oracles which is a prediction, could tell the future. The astrologers also created a calendar based on the moon. The Shang Dynasty was based on the hard work of the farmers and how strong the army was. The Shang dynasty was to the North East of China and was the strongest at the time. The Shang dynasty ended in 1050 BC
  • 1,250 BCE

    5.2- Indus Valley- Hinduism

    Hinduism was based on the caste system which was a hierarchy of the four castes, Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, and Sudras. There was another group, but they were untouchables and were outcasts. Caste rules were strict and one caste could not interact with the other. Brahmanism is the root of Hinduism. Hindusim believes in reincarnation based on karma which is the base of the caste in the next life. Hindus are polytheistic and Hinduism is the largest religion in India today.
  • 1,050 BCE

    6.2- China- Zhou Dynasty

    The Xhou dynasty was the longest lasting dynasty as it was in power for 600 years from 1050- 400 BC. The Zhou expanded China, but eventually declined. The feudal system was being used and the emperor was believed to have the Mandate if Heaven. The decline started after families weakened as the feudal system was working soon the Warring States Period had begun. The period lasted for 200 years and the solutions were Confucianism and Daosim.
  • -652 BCE

    3.4- Mesopotamia and Colonial settlements-Chaldeans and Phonecians

    Chaldeans destroy the Assyrian empire and rebuild Babylon. Their greatness ruler Nebuchadnezzar rebulid Babylon. Chaldeans study Sumerian culture.The Phonecians create the first alphabet and start colonies in Africa and Europe. They trade with their incredible boats and sailors. They spread the alphabet through trade routes and colonies.
  • -599 BCE

    5.2- Indus Valley- Jainism and Sikhism

    Janism devolved from groups of people which disagreed with Hindusim, it was born in 599 BC. Mahavira was the founder and he taught that nonviolence and he believed Hinduism had too many rituals. He taught four principles tell the truth, don't steal, harm no life, and own no property.Sikhism which devolped from Guru Nanak who lived in 1400 AD. Sikhism is based on Islam and Hinduism. Sikhism is monotheistic and they believe they must find spiritual enlightenment to reach god after death.
  • -563 BCE

    5.3- Indus Valley- Buddhism

    Buddhism's founder is Siddhartha Gautama he was born in luxury, but wantd to find meaning in life and traveled India. He fasted and mediated to find enlightenment. He found four principles about Human suffering. After finding enlightenment he was soon called the Buddha which means the enlightened one. He believed you would reincarnate until you found enlightenment and went to nirvana a state of perfect peace. He devolped the eightfold path. He died in 483 BC, his ideas challenged Hindusim.
  • -500 BCE

    6.2- China- Confucianism, Daoism. and Legalism

    Confucianism was started by the man, Confucius. China must have ethnics or moral ideas. The Analects a book written by Confucius told people must honor each other and lead by example. Daoism is based on the belief of the Dao which means the way. They taught that the Dao would guide all all must live in harmony and balance opposites. Laozi is famous for his teachings.Legalism is based on how everyone is evil and strict laws control people. Political philosophy and unity, efficiency through war.
  • -320 BCE

    5.4- Indus Valley- Mauryan Empire

    Candragupta Maurya took control of the northern part of India and the empire was born and lasted for 150 years. He had a massive army with a network of spies, 600,000 soldiers, and thousand of elephants. In 301 BC Candragupta became a Jainist monk so he had to give up the throne. Asoka took control of most of India in 270 BC. He became Buddhist which helped the country's people more, but after his death the empire fell apart and the last king died in 184 BC which led to India becoming divided.
  • -283 BCE

    5.3- Indus Valley- Buddhism's Spread

    His followers sent missionaries to many parts of Asia and even India's kings believed in Buddhism. The missionaries were successful as the ideas were beneficial to many. The split between Buddhism gave birth to two branches, Theravada and Mahayana. The Mahayana had more followers as their beliefs wer anyone can interpret Buddha's teachings. The Theravada believed in the teachings of Buddha must be followed exactly and they were lees popular.
  • -221 BCE

    6.3- China- Qin Dynasty

    The Qin dynasty was the shortest dynasty, but had one of the biggest impacts. Legalism was system that they used as they saw the feudal system as a failure. Shi Huang Di unified the 7 warring states and established 6 states. He was the first emperor and used standardization which improved trade he then built most of the Great Wall, he used convicts to build the Wall. He also created the terra-cotta army. He also wrote Shi Ji a account of his life. After his death the empire fell in 206 BC
  • -206 BCE

    6.4- China - Han dynasty

    Liu Bang was the first peasant emperor and he made China free from legalism he was trusted and loyal. Then Wudi educated leaders and used Confucianism. He strengthened family bond and put peasants under government officials. The social order was based on what the class did for the country. The revival of the family put honor first, the father had absolute power and disobedience was a crime. Strong families meant a strong China. The dynasty ended after 220 AD.
  • -206 BCE

    6.4- China- Han Achievements

    Han achievements included art and literature. They were experts at painting figures. The fu spoke in prose and poetry, the shi was short lines that could be song, both were poetry though. The Han dynasty created paper which helped trade. They also created the sundial to tell time, the seismograph told the Chinese of earthquakes and in which direction. They believed earthquakes were evil things yet to come. Acupuncture was the medicine at the time and was used to cure many illnesses.
  • -206 BCE

    6.5- Asia and Europe- Han Contacts with cultures

    The Han created silk and with that trade began to spread to distant countries. The silk made China rich and spread along the Silk Road. Silk was prized and it's secrets were well kept. The silk spread and many cultures spread. Buddhist missionaries came to China and with the Han falling the religion spread quickly and was soon one of the major religions. Diffusion occurred between cultures in China and along the Silk Road.
  • 320

    5.4- Indus Valley- Gupta Rule

    Under the Gupta India was reunited and began to prosper. The first emperor Candra Gupta I invaded and took control of northern India. His son took control of almost all of India. The Guptas promoted Hinduism and built many temples for them, but they also supported Buddhism and Jainism. In 370 Candra Gupta II took control of India and made India be admired by other countries. They believed the caste system would strengthen India's economy, but by the late 400's the Huns ended their rule.
  • 320

    5.5- Indus Valley- Indian Religious Achievements

    The Gupta built many Hindu and Buddhist temples. The art inside is inscribed with many events about the religion. There are beautiful works of art in the temples and the temples grew in complexity and are decorated elaborately. Religious epics have come from the two religions such as the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, they are still popular today. Many works of literature about religion are also mentioned such as poems, morals, and epics. Many achievements are based on India's religion.
  • 320

    5.5- Indus Valley- Scientific Advances

    Indians understood metallurgy which is the science of metals. They knew how to make alloys which is a mixtures of metals. Their study of metal led to iron weapons and iron which doesn't rust. They also developed the Hindu-Arabic numerals which are the numbers we use today. Doctors knew how to cure diseases and prevent them by using incoculation which basically a old version of a vaccine. They also knew how to perform surgery. India was also great in astronomy which is the study of the universe.
  • USA Owen was born

    My family rejoiced at my birth.
  • Modern day event Chapter 3

    Hammurabi's code is still a big influence over modern day laws and codes. Hammurabi's code first laws based on daily life and punishments.
  • Modern Day event chapter 4

    Egyptian government has affected today as in our history after Egypt's pharaohs in some places we had kings simalr to pharaohs we still have some kings today. Even places without a king now may have had a king and has influenced that country's culture and what schools teach.
  • Modern Day Connection Chapter 5

    Buddhism and Hinduism are some of the biggest religions in the world today and they are the biggest in India. The development of Buddhism and Hinduism affects many cultures today and has shaped globalization and internal conflicts today. Many ethnic groups still follow these major religions. These religions are still around today and are widely followed by many. Some conflicts have occurred between the two religions and that has impacted many cultures today.
  • Modern Day Connection Chapter 6

    Shi Huang Di finished the Great Wall of China to stop invaders. Now the site is a tourist site and improves China's economy. It is one of the biggest feats of engineering and for that many people go to see it. The site has caused many people to come to China.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Fertile Crescent-The Early Fertile Crescent People

    Hunter-Gatheres 10000 BC-3000 BC, Sumerians 3000 BC- 2350 BC, Akkadians 2350 BC- 2300 BC, Babylonians 1800 BC-1750 BC, Hittites 1595 BC 1200 BC, Assyrians 1200 BC-652 BC, Chaldeans 612 BC- 530 BC, Phoncians 1000 BC-300 BC
  • Period:
    3,200 BCE
    to
    350

    The Nile Valley-Ancient Egypt and Kush

    Ancient Egypt 3200-2700 BC Old Kingdom 2700-2200 BC Middle Kingdom 2050-1750 BC New Kingdom 1550-1050 BC Kush 3500 BC-350 AD
  • Period:
    2,300 BCE
    to
    500

    Indus Valley- The people of India and their Beliefs

    Harapans 2300-1700 BC, Aryans 1500 BC- 320 AD, Hinduism 1250 BC, Buddhism 563 BC.
  • Period:
    2,200 BCE
    to
    220

    Ancient China- China

    Xia 2200 BC- 1500 BC, Shang 1500 BC- 1050 BC, Zhou 1050 BC- 400 BC, Qin 221 BC- 206 BC, Han 206 BC- 220.