2017 Julien DALAT World History

Timeline created by jugoh1061870
In History
  • 7,000 BCE

    3.1 - Mesopotamia - First Farm Settlements

    The first farm settlements were formed in Mesopotamia. Farmers grew wheat, barley, and other types of grain. They also kept livestock such as birds and fish.
  • 3,100 BCE

    4.1 - Upper Egypt - Menes rose to power as the first pharaoh

    Menes was the first ruler of Egypt to be called pharaoh. He unified both Upper and Lower Egypt and founded Egypt's first dynasty.
  • 2,300 BCE

    3.2 - Akkad - Sargon extends Akkadian territory

    Sargon was the first person to have established an empire, land with different territories under a single rule. His soldiers defeated all the city-states of Sumer and conquered Northern Mesopotamia.
  • 2,200 BCE

    6.1 - China - The First Dynasty of China begins, The Xia Dynasty.

    A series of kings ruled early China and one of them, Yu the Great, is said to have started the Xia Dynasty. Many writings told of terrible floods during Yu's reign, and to counter that, he dug channels to drain water to the ocean. They also had many stories about cooperation and working together to build up China.
  • 2,000 BCE

    4.5 - Kush - Kush is formed

    Around 2000BC, farmers that were farming in the along the Nile became village leaders and one of those leaders took control of the other villages and proclaimed himself the king of the region. His new kingdom was called Kush.
  • 1,595 BCE

    3.4 - Asia Minor - The Hittites invent the Chariot

    The Hittites had a lot of military advantages that led them to success. One of them was the chariot, a horse-drowned cart that allowed soldiers to move around quickly in battle.
  • 1,500 BCE

    4.5 - Egypt - Egypt's Conquest of Kush

    As Kush grew wealthy from trading, their military power also increased. Pharaoh Thutmose feared that Kush would grow too powerful and soon attack Egypt. To stop that from happening, Thutmose sent an army to take control of Kush and had control of it for about 450 years. During that time, Many Egyptians settled in Kush and Egyptian culture slowly affected Kush and Kushites started wearing Egyptian clothing, speaking Egyptian, used Egyptian names and adopted Egyptian religious practices.
  • 1,500 BCE

    5.1 - India - Sanskrit is invented.

    Sanskrit, the root of many South Asian languages was the most important language of Ancient India. The Aryan poems and hymns and even the Vedas was written in Sanskrit.
  • 1,200 BCE

    4.3 - Egypt - Ramses the Great rises to power

    Ramses the Great was the most famous pharaoh in the history of Egypt because he greatly increased the size of Egypt and fought off invaders.
  • -900 BCE

    3.4 - Northern Mesopotamia - Assyrians start controlling the Fertile Crescent

    About 900BC, the Assyrians started to conquer all of the Fertile Crescent using their strong, organized, army. They even got to parts of Asia Minor and Egypt.
  • -850 BCE

    4.5 - Kush - Conquest of Egypt

    During 1000BC, the New Kingdom of Egypt was ending and it led to the decline of military power in Egypt. In 850BC, the Kushites had regained its strength and military power and it had been as strong as it was before until Egypt conquered it. Around 700BC a Kushite king named Kashta took advantage of Egypt's weakness and attacked it. By 751BC, they had conquered Upper Egypt. After Kashta died, his son Piankhi took control and by the time he died in 716BC, he had land from Napata to the Nile Delta
  • -800 BCE

    3.4 - Phoenicia - Phoenicians create the worlds first alphabet.

    The alphabet is a set of letters that's combined to form words. It made writing much easier.
  • -800 BCE

    5.2 - India - Hinduism develops by the Aryans.

    The Vedas were the main books for the Aryan religion in India. The Vedas and and other cultures from Persia and Central Asia brought their religious ideas to India, and they all blended with each other, making Hinduism. They believed in reincarnation, the process of which when you die, you come back to life as a different person. They also believed in many gods, there are 3 major ones, Brahma the creator, Siva the destroyer and Vishnu the preserver, similar the the trinity in Christianity.
  • -620 BCE

    3.4 - Babylon/Syrian Desert - Chaldens rebuilt Babylon

    Nebuchadnezzar became the most famous Chaldean king and they built the Hanging Gardens.
  • -551 BCE

    6.2 - Qufu - Conficius is born and later starts Confucianism.

    Confucius was born in Qufu around 551BC, when China was still in the warring states period. He grew up in poverty but he also grew up to be one of the most influential teachers/philosophers in the world. During the warring states period in China, he felt that China was being overrun by rude and dishonest people. He also said they needed to return to ethics, or moral values. Confucianism was based of on ethics and Confucius philosophies and many people adopted his teachings and wrote the Analects
  • -500 BCE

    5.3 - India - Siddartha Gautama starts Buddhism.

    Siddartha Gautama, a young man who grew up as a prince started wondering what was the meaning of human life and why was there suffering in the world. He set out on a journey to find the answers and it took him to many regions in India. He meditated and fasted a lot in that time and spoke to many religious priests. He spent 6 years wandering throughout India and when he neared the town of Gaya, he sat down under a tree and meditated under a tree for 7 weeks.
  • -481 BCE

    6.2 - China - China enters the Warring States period

    When the Zhou Dynasty was declining, loyalty to the Zhou King also declined and many people refused to fight off invasions. According to a legend, a Zhou King used to light signal flares to show that invaders were attacking to entertain himself and a friend so when his army rushed up to defend, no one was there. But in 771BC, invaders actually attacked and he lit the fire but everyone thought it was a joke so no one came. By 481BC, the lords were fighting each other for power.
  • -270 BCE

    India - Asoka becomes king of the Mauryans.

    Asoka, was the strongest Mauryan ruler of all time. He extended the Mauryan Empire to cover most of India. His rule was made stronger and richer by conquering neighboring kingdoms. One of the battles he fought, however was a very bloody battle, causing mass casualties on both sides of the army. He decided he didnt want to put his men through hardship and he converted into Buddhism. He used his resources to help improve the lives of his people and after his death, it put the kingdom into anarchy.
  • -221 BCE

    6.3 - China - Emperor ShiHuangdi unifies China; starting the Qin Dynasty.

    When Shi Huangdi unified China, he accepted Legalist political beliefs so he created a strong government with strict laws and harsh punishments. He also ordered Confucius' books and teachings to be destroyed and those who disagreed were buried alive. He made china more standardized, meaning they had the same writing system, money, etc. He also finished off the Great Wall the Shang Dynasty built earlier in the civilization. The Terra-cotta Warriors were also built by him to guard him when he died
  • -206 BCE

    6.4 - China - Liu Bang, a common person, becomes emperor because of the Mandate of Heaven.

    Liu Bang started the Han dynasty after the Qin Dynasty fell apart. He freed the people from Legalism and earned people's loyalty and trust. He also lowered taxes for peasants and made punishments less harsh.
  • -200 BCE

    6.5 - China - The Han Dynasty expands its trade.

    During the Han Dynasty, Han armies conquered many places, therefore having trade and contact with other cultures. They produced silk at that time, which was highly valued in other areas. They were also masters in iron-working and they made high quality weapons and armor. They had many trade routes leading to Western Europe and other places, including the Silk Road.
  • -140 BCE

    6.4 - China - Wudi becomes emperor in the Han Dynasty.

    After Liu Bang's death in 195BC, Wudi took the throne. Wudi made Confucianism the official government philosophy. He wanted to creat a strong and central government, so he made everything fair. During his reign, peasants were highly respected because they did all the work and made food for people and families were strong. Disobeying your parents was a crime and the father was the head of the family. They made many innovations in science including the sundial, acupuncture, etc.
  • 320

    5.4 - India - A new dynasty is established in India.

    The Gupta dynasty took over and reunited India after the fall of the Mauryan Kingdom. The first emperor was Candra Gupta I. The Gupta dynasty supported any Buddhism and Jainism even though their main religion was Hinduism. At that time, Hinduism's popularity began to rise and they used the caste system to keep order. After Candra Gupta I's death, Candra Gupta II took over. At that time, it reached its high point until the late 400s. The Huns invaded and India divided into small states once again
  • 3.4 - Mordern Day - Malaysia - Hammurabi's code inspired the first laws

    All around the world in every country, there are many laws you have to follow otherwise you will get punished. The first set of laws were created by Hammurabi, and it was called Hammurabi's code.
  • 4.4 - Mordern Day - Malaysia - Papyrus inspires paper

    Around 3300BC, papyrus is made and it is one of the worlds first writing material. Later, paper is made and we use it to this day.
  • 5.5 - Modern Day - Malaysia - Inoculation

    During the Gupta period of the Indus Valley, they invented one of the most used items to prevent diseases, inoculation. Inoculation is injecting someone with a small dose of viruses to help keep the diseases away. Today, we still use it in hospitals to prevent diseases like they did in the Indus Valley Civilizations.
  • 6.5 - Modern Day - Malaysia - Clocks

    In the Han Dynasty, they invented the sundial which helped them tell the time by using the sun and shadows, but now, we use clocks to help us know what time it is.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Chapter 3 - Fertile Crescent- Early Fertile Crescent People

    Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, Chaldeans, and Phoenicians.
  • Period:
    4,500 BCE
    to
    350

    Chapter 4 - Egypt - Ancient Egypt and Kush

    First settlers set in Egypt in 4500BC. Old Kingdom - 2700-2200BC. 150 years of chaos. Middle Kingdom - 2050-1750BC. Hyksos invaded and rule for 200 years. New Kingdom - 1550-1050BC. Conquest of Egypt starts in 700BC. 350AD, Aksumite army led by King Ezana destroys Meroë.
  • Period:
    3,000 BCE
    to
    550

    Chapter 5 - Civilization in India and China - Ancient India

    Harrapans - 2300BC-1700BC. Aryans - 2000BC-320BC. Mauryans - 320BC-184BC. Guptas - 320AD-550AD.
  • Period:
    2,200 BCE
    to

    Chapter 6 - Civilization in India and China - Ancient China

    Xia Dynasty - 2200BC -1600BC. Shang Dynasty - 1500BC-1046BC. Zhou Dynasty - 1050BC-400BC. Qin Dynasty - 221BC-206BC. Han Dynasty - 206BC-220AD. Sui Dynasty - 589AD-618AD. Tang Dynasty - 618AD-918AD. Song Dynasty - 920AD-1279AD. Yuan Dynasty - 1279AD-1368AD. Ming Dynasty - 1368AD-1644AD.