3.1-Mesopotamia, first settlementThe first settlement started to form.
3.1-Mesopotamia,food surplusWhen the Mesopotamians got so much food from farming that they got enough to allow people to have different jobs.
3.3-Sumer, the invention of cuneiformThe Sumerians invented one of the first writing system called cuneiform. The would use a stylus to wedge different lines in a clay tablet.
4.1-Egypt, Menes unifys EgyptBefore Menes Egypt was ruled by two separate kings. The one king ruled upper Egypt and the other king ruled lower Egypt. When Menes came to power he wanted to unify Egypt. When he did unify Egypt he wore a double crown.
Modern day connection-Egypt, papyrusPapyrus is like paper made out of reeds which is easy to roll up and write. The Egyptians made this because it was getting difficult to write on clay tablets. Because of the papyrus we were then inspired to make paper.
Sumer-the rise of the AkkadiansSargon the leader of the Akkadians wanted to extend the akkadians so he attcked and built a new capital near the Euphrates river
Egypt, when the pyramids were finished.Egyptians believed that the dead would go to the afterlife, so to insure that the pharaohs would have a good after life they buried them in pyramids. This pyramids were huge. The biggest pyramid was built by Khufu. It cover more than 13 acres and is 481 feet high.
India- Aryan migrationThe Aryans came in and invaded the Harappans. The Aryan used the language of Sanskrit which is sometimes used in today's world. Sanskrit was used for writhings as well as speaking.
Modern day connection: Babylon, Hammurabi code: Hammurabi's code is one of the first set of laws for every day life, because of Hammurabi's code we have laws and rules in the countries we live in.
Asia Minor, hittites and kassitesThey were one of the first to master iron working. They also used chariots skillfully which helped them capture Babylon, but they didn't rule for long because the king had been murdered so they went into chaos which allowed the kassites to attack and rule for 400 years.
6.1-China- China's first writing systemThe Shang dynasty created China's fist writing system. The system has over 2000 symbols. This writing system was different from the one used today,but the current writing system still has some of the symbols.
Egypt, the conquest of EgyptWhen the Egyptians manage to drive the Hyksos away they started invading other places to prevent anyone to take Egypt over. In the empire they had created was the homeland of the Hyksos, Kush, Syria, and the whole eastern shore of the Mediterranean. Their empire stretched from the Euphrates river to southern Nubia.
Northern Mesopotamia, the assyriansThey gained control of Babylon for a little but then they lost power. After 300 years they grew stronger and used chariots and had a strong army and conquered the whole Fertile Crescent.
Fertile Crescent, the PhoeniciansThe Phoenicians were known for there expansion of trade,but the thing they were know for the most was that they created the worlds first alphabet.
Kush, the conquest of KushAfter the kushite had regained their strength form when the Egyptians attacked them they so a opportunity to attack Egypt, as they were very weak. King kashta deafeted Egypt and took in over. When the king died hi son Piankhi finished off the conquest. Kush' empire extended from Napata to the Nile delta.
Assyrian empire, the ChaldeansWhen a series of wars broke up in the Assyrian empire the Chaldeans conquered the Assyrian empire. Their king, king Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt Babylon and returned it to its glory. The Chaldeans were know for astronomy, creating the calendar and solving complex geometry problems
India: HinduismHindu was born when aspects from other cultures and things from the vedas were joined together. The Hindus believed in many gods. They had 3 main gods that represent the big god aspect. This god was Brahman. Hindu is also the belief in rebirth. The goal is to get your atman, your soul to go and join Brahman, but since it is diffulcelt and all depends on how good your Karma is it could to take you several time to reach your goal.
6.2- China-Confucianism, daoism, legalismConfucianism: this philosophy was created by Confucius in the late Zhou dynasty. It was put in place to help restore order to China. The main idea of Confucianism was harmony.
Daoism: it developed as a reaction to Confucianism. But unlike Confucianism they believe that their shouldn't be one powerful government.
Legalism: is the belief that people are bad by nature and need a strict ruler. Legalism has many laws that you have to follow at you coul be punished.
India- siddhartha's search for wisdomTheir was a man who wasn't happy with awnser to life because he saw everyone around him and how they were in poverty. So he decided to go on a search for enlightenment. Siddhartha traveld around India talking to priest and wise men about religion. Then he started to fast and meditate. Then for seven weeks he fasted and meditated for 7 weeks under a tree. Here is where he found enlightenment. From then on he was known as the Buddha and the creator of Buddhism.
India- the Mauryans attack.When the Mauryans came to attcak India with them they brought over 600000 soldiers and over 1000 elephants. They attacked and succeeded. The king was Candragupta Mauryan, but he gave his throne to his grandson Asoka because he had decided to become a Jainist monk.
India-Buddhism spreadsAfter the Buddha died 500 hundred of his followers went and spread Buddhism around India. Soon after that the king converted to Buddhism and sent buddist missionaries out to the world, this is how the world found out about Buddhism.
6.3-China- the Great Wall.The Qin dynasty did not build the whole wall, but connected it all to protect themselves. This task was hard and many people died building the wall. But it did help them and is now a great monument. The people who built the wall were convicts and forced to build it.
5.5-Asia- Silk RoadThe Chinese created this route so that they could bring there good to distant lands. The Silk Road was named after the most important thing they traded,Silk. The Silk Road is 4000 miles long and goes westward from China across Asia's deserts and mountains, through the Middle East, until they reach the Mediterranean. Traders faced blizzards and sandstorms on this route, but they became rich by bringing back silver, gold, precious stones, and horses form Rome.
India-inoculationThe Indians created inoculation which is where you give someone a little of the virus to help them build up their immunity to it.
6.4-China-Han achievementsThe Hans created many thing but some very important one is paper. They made it by grinding fibers from plant and then let them dry out.
Sundial: this was one the earliest clocks. It used the sun and the shadow to determine the time.
Seismograph: this is very impressive. They created this device to measure the strength of a earthquake.
Acupuncture: this is when you insert fine needles into your skin to relieve pain or cure disease.
India-Gupta rule comes to power.Eventually the Gupta rule came to power. The Guptas supported Hinduism and brought back the caste system, but they aloud people to be buddist and they built beautiful buddist temples and statues for them.
MD-India-the creation of the number zero.The Indians were the first people to create the Hindu-Arabic numerals that are still used today. They also created the number zero and without zero math would not be possible.
Egypt, Rosetta StoneThe Rosetta Stone was found by a French solider accidentally. Because of the Rosetta stone we can read hieroglyphs which was the Egyptians language. On the Rosetta was hieroglyphs and then the translation in Greek.
MD-6.3-China- the unification of china.The Qin dyanasty unified all of china. At first there were 6 states but then the Qin emporer Shi Huangdi went and conquered all of China. He the put into place standardization. Which is where they had the same writing, money and so on.
Period:10,000 BCEto-500 BCE
Early Fertile Crescent peopleSumerians
Hittites and kassites
Ancient Egypt and kushAncient Egypt 10000BC-3100BC
Old kingdom 2700BC-2200BC
Middle Kingdom 2050BC-1750BC
New kingdom 1550BC-1050BC
Kush 200BC-AD 300
The Indian civilizationHarappan civilization 2300BC-1700BC
The Aryan civilization 1500BC-320BC
Mauryan empire 320BC-184BC
Gupta rule AD320- AD400
Chapter 6- Chinese empireXia: 2200BC
Zhou: 1050- 400BC