2017 Benjamin Wong Dalat World History

Timeline created by bwong0261
In History
  • 5,000 BCE

    3.1 - Mesopotamia - Food Surplus

    After farmers were able to increase their food output they experienced a food surplus. A food surplus is when you have more food than you need. This also means not everyone had to work as a farmer, and were able to do different jobs.
  • 4,900 BCE

    3.1 - Mesopotamia - Division of Labor

    The division of labor allowed people to specialize in multiple different professions. This allowed for more progression and production in cities.
  • 3,300 BCE

    4.4 - Egypt - Hieroglyphics

    Hieroglyphics were a writing system made by the Egyptians. Writing consisted of pictures and objects.
  • 3,100 BCE

    4.1 - Egypt - Menes uniting Lower and Upper Egypt

    A leader known as Menes united Lower and Upper Egypt. This was the start of the Egyptian civilization.
  • 2,700 BCE

    4.2 - Egypt - Gods and Religion

    The Egyptians believed in many Gods, and they also believed in the afterlife. This led them to make multiple architectural buildings to worship them. These are all a big part of Egyptian culture.
  • 2,500 BCE

    3.3 - Sumer - Cuneiform

    Cuneiform was the first system of writing ever developed. It consisted of wedge shaped symbols made by a stylus.
  • 2,334 BCE

    3.2 - Akkadia - Sargon

    Sargon established the worlds first empire and was the first leader to have a permanent army.
  • 2,000 BCE

    5.1 - India - Aryan Migration

    After the fall of the Harappan civilization the Aryans were quick to migrate into India. This populated India and lead to many society's forming.
  • 2,000 BCE

    5.1 - India - Sanskrit

    Sanskrit was a language spoken by the Aryan society. It was first a language that could only be spoke and had no way of recording information. Over time people made ways to write down Sanskrit. Today Sanskrit is not spoken but it is the beginning of many South Asian languages.
  • 1,800 BCE

    5.2 - India - Caste System

    The Caste System was a way for the Aryan society to divide Indians into four different groups. These groups were based off of a person's wealth, birth, and occupation. Rules for the caste system says you are not allowed to marry people of another class, and you can't eat with another class.
  • 1,790 BCE

    3.4 - Babylon - Hammurabi's Code

    Hammurabi's code was a set of laws that were developed by Hammurabi to establish rule and order in Babylon
  • 1,600 BCE

    8.1 - Mycenaeans

    Although they were the second people to live on Greece they were the first to be considered Greek because they spoke Greek. They lived on the Greek mainland and established many colonies in Italy and Northern Greece so they're could ship goods around the Mediterranean.
  • 1,500 BCE

    4.3 - Egypt - Building an Empire

    After a war with the Hyksos Egyptian leaders prevented future attacks by controlling all invasion routes into the kingdom. This meant that they made an empire which allowed them to grow rich and powerful.
  • 1,500 BCE

    4.5 - Kush - Egypt's Conquest of Kush

    Over time Kush got wealthy and so did their army. As a result Egypt got scared of what may happen if Kush attacked Egypt so they conquered Kush to prevent that from happening. Kush was an Egyptian territory for 450 years. During this time they adopted Egyptian culture and other practices.
  • 1,500 BCE

    5.5 - India - Metallurgy

    Early Indians were the inventors of metallurgy. The science of handling metals was called metallurgy. The Indians were very knowledgeable in making high-quality tools and weapon. This helped them do work easier and it also helped them on the battlefield.
  • 1,500 BCE

    6.1 - China - The Shang Dynasty

    The Shang Dynasty was founded in China in around 1500 B.C. It was the first Chinese dynasty that we have solid proof to prove it was real. The Shang ruled over Northern China where it started in the Huang He or Yellow River.
  • -800 BCE

    8.3 - Ancient Greek Literature

    Because the Greek people enjoyed their myths and stories they created many works of literature about it. A poet named Homer made two famous poems the Iliad and the Odyssey. Aesop made stories called fables to teach important life lessons. There was also performances called lyric poetry where people would sing poems along to music
  • -770 BCE

    4.5 - Kush - Kush's Conquest of Egypt

    With the power of Egyptian pharaohs declining as the New Kingdom was ending Kushite leaders was able to regain control over Kush. Around 200 years later Kush was able to rebuild itself to the power Egypt had feared 600 years ago and this time they Egypt was much weaker. One day a Kushite king attacked Egypt and in 716 B.C. his son fulfilled his legacy and conquered all of Egypt.
  • -730 BCE

    10.1 - Romulus and Remus

    Romulus and Remus were the founding fathers of Rome. According to Legend they were raised by a wolf until they were adopted by a Shepard. To commemorate the location where the wolf had found them they decided to build a city there. Because of disagreements between them Romulus killed Remus and named the city Rome.
  • -600 BCE

    5.2 - India - Hinduism

    The basis for many Indian religions were the Vedic texts. As these texts blended with other ideas and views from other cultures it formed a religion. This religion is what we call Hinduism. Hinduism is currently the largest religion in India today.
  • -585 BCE

    9.1 - Cyrus the Great

    Cyrus the Great was born on 585 B.C. and died around 529 B.C. In his life he founded the Persian empire by leading a revolt for independence. Under Cyrus the Persian empire spread from Asia Minor to Southwest Asia to Hindu Kush.
  • -551 BCE

    6.2 - China - Confucius

    Confucius was a teacher that wanted to restore order in China by teaching ethics or moral values. His teachings are also called Confucianism. Confucius' teachings were compiled into a book called The Analects. Confucius was the most influential teacher in Chinese history.
  • -500 BCE

    8.2 - Democracy

    Democracy was a government system developed in Greece where the people of that country would rule for themselves. Political decisions were determined by the people who would vote for what they wanted. Democracy was made in 500 B.C. in Athens by a leader named Cleisthenes.
  • -500 BCE

    9.4 - Philosophy

    Philosophy is the power of the human mind to think, explain, and understand life. In Greece Gods were the explanation for everything, but in 500 B.C. people thought of different ways to explain life. These people were called philosophers and Greece had many famous philosophers including Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
  • -431 BCE

    9.2 - The Peloponnesian War

    The Peloponnesian war was a war between Athens and Sparta, two city states in Greece. This war had the capability to bring chaos to Greece for many years to come. It was the Spartan army which marched on to Athens in 431 B.C. that lead to a 27 year war which the Spartans eventually won.
  • -400 BCE

    10.2 - Checks and Balances

    Checks and balances was a government system that prevented one branch of a government to become more stronger than the others. Everytime a branch from the government proposes a law it has to be approved by all the other branches before it could take effect.
  • -356 BCE

    9.3 - Alexander the Great

    Alexander the Great took over the Macedonian kingdom when his father Philip II was murdered. Under Alexander the Great the Macedonian Kingdom conquered the Persian Empire to Egypt and to the Indus River. Alexander the Great died at 323 B.C. at the age of 33. He died in Babylon most likely due to a sickness.
  • -328 BCE

    5.3 - India - Buddhism

    The teachings of Buddha are what currently make the religion of Buddhism. Buddha was originally called Siddartha Gautama, a prince born in 563 B.C. He wanted to know why there was so much pain so he set out on a journey. One day he stopped at a tree and meditated for seven weeks. Then he suddenly realized why there was suffering
  • -264 BCE

    10.3 - The Punic Wars

    The Punic Wars were a chain of wars between Rome and Carthage. The wars first started when Carthage sent troops to Sicily and in response Rome did the same. War inevitably broke out for 20 years until the Romans forced the Cathegians out. 2 more wars broke out in 218 B.C. And then on 140 B.C.
  • -220 BCE

    6.3 - China - Standardization

    Standardization of language, currency, and measurements were enforced by Shi Huangdi in the Qin Dynasty. This made trading much easier and it made people feel more connected and unified.
  • -140 BCE

    6.4 - China - Confucian Social Classes

    The Confucian social system was a social hierarchy that differed from other hierarchy's. It ranked the emperor, his court, and scholars in government positions. Next surprisingly were the peasants which made up 90% of China's population at that time. This allowed a much more stable government and made the life of millions of farmers and peasants better.
  • -50 BCE

    11.1 - Pax Romana

    Pax Romana means Romans Peace and signifies a time frame in which the Romans experienced peace and growth. A strong government in Rome and organized army led Rome to grow wealthy and be safe. There were also no internal problems like rebellions.
  • -5 BCE

    11.2 - Birth of Jesus

    Jesus was born in the town of Bethlehem where he studied laws and teachings of Judaism. When he was 30 he sought out to travel and teach about the religion. His teachings made up the New Testament of the Bible. Jesus chose 12 disciples to go along with him where He taught them them along the way.
  • 20

    6.5 - China - Silk Road

    The Silk Road was a 4000 mile long network of trade routes that extended west from China into Europe. The road was used by traders that took Chinese products to sell it off to distant buyers. Silk was by far the most popular product on the road which is why it's named Silk Road. This road made China very wealthy.
  • 105

    14.2 - China - Paper

    Paper was a Chinese invention invented during the Han dynasty. It is considered one of China’s greatest inventions among its already vast amount. Paper was a material that allowed people a cheap and easy way to keep records. Along with paper allowed the inventions of printing and paper money.
  • 200

    13.1 - West Africa - Gold and Salt

    Gold and Salt wee valuable resources to West Africans. Salt was used as a preservative to keep food fresh. Gold was highly valued and a tool for trading.
  • 250

    13.4 - West Africa - Griots

    Griots were storytellers of West Africa. They were highly respected and honored. Since West Africa didn’t have a written language the way their culture and history was passed on was through Griots who told stories of what happened. This is callled a oral history.
  • 320

    5.4 - India - Gupta Society

    In 320 A.D. The Gupta Society was formed. The empire united all of India where it continued to grow and prosper. The empire was primarily Hindu but it supported other religions in the empire such as Buddhism and Jainism. Gupta kings thought the Hindu caste system was a good system for their government so they implied it. Eventually in the middle 500s the empire collapsed
  • 400

    17.1 - Europe - Southern Europe

    Southern Europe was where a majority of people lived. The land was flat and steep, but it was near the coast making a lot of people traders or fishermen. People grew crops in the flatlands and raised animals in the hills.
  • 408

    11.3 - Goth Attacks

    The Goths were a people group that threatened the life of the Roman Empire. At first the Romans payed them not to attack, but they stopped paying and the Goths attacked the Roman Empire. The Goths marched into Rome sending it into destruction. This was the beginning of the end for the Roman Empire.
  • 500

    13.2 - Ghana - Silent Bartering

    Silent Bartering is a trade technique used by Ghana to trade peacefully and to keep the location of the gold mines secret. People would trade salt and gold
  • 500

    16.1 - Maya - 365 Day Calendar

    Because of the Mayans advanced knowledge in astronomy due to their observatories they were able to develop accurate 365 days calendars. With this calendar they recorded important events and used it to help plan farming and other activities.
  • 570

    12.1 - Prophet Muhammad

    On around 570 Muhammad was born in Mecca to a rich family. While growing up he would see the rich help the poor, but this trend was slowly dying. Because of these changes Muhammad was concerned and meditated at the hills. When he was 40 an angel came to him and gave him messages that form the basis of Islam.
  • 573

    15.1 - Japan - Prince Shotoku

    Prince Shotoku was a regent that brought many Chinese ideas to Japan. He sent scholars to learn about China and come back to change Japanese society. Things they brought back included Confucianism and Buddhism
  • 589

    14.1 - China - Reunification of China

    China was in a state of disunion until 589 a man named Yang Jian reunified China. He was a ruler from the North, but he conquered southern China. In doing so he unified China and created the Sui Dynasty.
  • 635

    12.2 - Qur’an

    The Qur’an is a collection of all the messages that Allah(God) gave Muhammad when he was alive. The focus in the Qur’an is that Allah is the only God and Muhammad is his prophet. It also gives rules for Muslims to follow which are Allah’s commands so they can have paradise when they die.
  • 700

    17.2 - Europe - Charlemagne

    Charlemagne was a skilled warrior which led the Frankish empire to their peak and conquered many people. He led his empire from France to the depths of Austria, Italy, and Spain. Charlemagne was also interested in education. Thus he built many schools and hired many scholars
  • 794

    15.2 - Japan - Golden Age of Arts

    Because of the Nobles great love for arts and culture the court at Heian became a center of culture and learning. This also helped start a golden age for art and culture that lasted from 794 to 1185. Many things like fashion,literature,architecture, and art flourished during this time period and make up a lot of Japanese culture.
  • 800

    12.4 - Math

    Muslim scholars combined Indian and Greek knowledge to for the foundation of modern algebra and to form the number system we use today. This Number system we use is called the Arabic numerals because it was from Arabia.
  • 960

    14.3 - China - Confucianism

    During the Song Dynasty Confucius’s teachings were still influencing the government. Confucius taught about ren and li principles of life. He also stressed education which reflected on the Song society.
  • 1000

    17.3 - Europe - The Manor System

    The manor system was a system in which kings and lords traded land for protection . Kings and lords gave fiefs to knights who would protect it. The knights needed to farm too, but since they didn’t have time they employed peasants to farm the land in return for food.
  • 1000

    17.4 - Europe - Chivalry

    Chivalry was a code of honors for a European knights to follow. Simple rules included how they had to be brave, loyal, and humble. They also included how to treat people and women. Because of the knights loyalty they were well admired in their societies.
  • 1192

    15.3 - Japan - Shogun

    The shoguns were generals who ruled in Japan in the name of the emperor making the emperor a figurehead. The shogun was a military leader and was considered the top in Japanese society. The shoguns ruled for 700 years until they collapsed.
  • 1206

    14.4 - Mongolia - Genghis Khan

    Genghis Khan was the leader who united the mongol tribes. After doing so he formed an army that would go through Asia and Europe. He conquered many lands and gave the start to the biggest empire in world history the Mongol Empire.
  • 1250

    12.3 - Muslim Empires

    3 Muslim empires expanded into Asia and parts of Europe after the 1100s. The Ottoman Empire was first consisting of Muslim Turkish Warriors in Eastern Europe, North Africa, and Arabia. The Safavid empire formed at the height of the Ottoman empire consisting of Persian Muslims in Persia. Last was the Mughal empire in India consisting of Turkish Muslims from Central Asia.
  • 1312

    13.3 - Mali - Mansa Musa

    Mansa Musa was the most famous ruler of Mali. He was so rich that he caused inflation to every country he went. He is a devout Muslim and into education. In addition to this he built schools and mosques. Though he was a great ruler his son caused the downfall of the empire to raiders or nomads
  • 1325

    16.2 - Aztec - Human Sacrifices

    Usually after war all soldiers or slaves would be held captive for sacrifice. This meant Aztec priests would be able to carry out human sacrifices on these people to please the Gods. The Aztecs commonly sacrificed people with around 10,000 people a year.
  • 1450

    16.3 - Inca - Distrbution of Goods

    The Incas had a very organized economy partly due to their free distribution of goods and wealth. Many people worked for the government so the government distributes money fairly to everyone with the leftover money sent to be stored for emergencies.
  • Malaysia, I was born.

    My family rejoiced as I was born and became the youngest person in the world for 1 second.
  • Ch.3 - Modern Day- Malaysia- Hammurabi's Code

    Hammurabi's code was a set of laws developed by Hammurabi. These were the first set of laws ever developed. This built the foundation of today's current justice system of laws and rules that is applied everywhere in the world.
  • Ch. 4 - Modern Day - Egypt - Social Hierarchy

    In early Egypt there were 2 million people but only the pharaoh was the most powerful person so he was at the top. Then it goes from nobles, scribes and craftspeople, and farmers, servants, and slaves. Today that same system is in place today the prime minister is on top and then the wealthy to mid wealthy, and the poor.
  • Ch.5 - Modern Day - Malaysia - Hindu-Arabic Numerals

    Our number system we used today was invented by Indian scholars. These concepts were then brought to Europe by the Arabs and then to the rest of the world. Today we are still using this system in day to day life and in many professions
  • Ch.6 - Modern Day - Malaysia - Standardization

    Standardization was first used by Shi Huagndi in the Qin Dynasty. He standardized multiple things like currency, language, and measurements. Today most countries in the world also follow the practice of standardization. They have also standardized the same things as Shi Huangdi and added more of their own to the list of standardized items.
  • Ch.8 - Modern Day - America - Democracy

    Democracy was first created in 500 B.C, in Athens. Today America still uses this system in their government. Although they are still using democracy they have a different type of democracy. Today America uses representative democracy where citizens elect officials to make decisions for them. Back then they used direct democracy where the citizens met up and vote on issues.
  • Ch.9 - Modern Day - America - Greek Architecture

    The ancient Greeks were known for their beautiful architecture and buildings. The most famous of these buildings was the Parthenon which was a building that used 46 columns to house a beautiful sculpture of Athens. Today many buildings copy this same design of the Parthenon. From banks to political buildings the people still use Greek inspired architecture.
  • Ch.10 - Modern Day - America - Checks and Balances

    Around 2000 years ago the Romans made a government system called Checks and Balances. This system prevented one branch of the government to be stronger than the others. Today the American government still uses this same system invented by the Romans in their government.
  • Ch.11 - Modern Day - America - Christianity

    Christianity first started as a separate idea in Judaism, but it separated itself as a separate religion and soon spread. The emperor Constantine spread Christianity through the Roman Empire and soon into the world. Today Christianity is everywhere being the biggest religion in the world
  • Ch.12 - Modern Day - Malaysia - Islam.

    Islam first started when Prophet Muhammad spread the message that Allah gave him. Along the way the Qur’an was written and Islam was growing in popularity. Today it has spread all over the world where many countries are predominantly Muslim and it has become one of the world’s biggest religions.
  • Ch.13 - Modern Day - America - Inflation

    Mansa Musa was so rich that he caused the problem of inflation everywhere he went. Today we don’t suffer as bad as they did back then but inflation still exists in modern society. Money today is less valuable than 100 years ago. 1 dollar today is worth less than 1 dollar back then
  • Ch.14 - Modern Day - Malaysia - Paper Money

    Paper a Money was first invented by the Chinese almost a thousand years ago. Back then they used it because it was light and convenient to help manage people’s money and wealth. Today we still use paper money for the exact same reasons. Paper money is used everywhere in this world and it all roots back to a thousand years ago.
  • Ch.15 - Modern Day - United Kingdom - Figurehead

    In Japan when the shoguns ruled they still had emperors. These emperors were then considered figureheads because they appeared to be in power yet power was with the Shoguns. Today we have a figurehead in Queen Elizabeeth she is considered a queen but has no power in the British government.
  • Ch.16 - Modern Day - Malaysia - 365 Day Calendar.

    Because of the Mayans skill in astronomy they developed a calendar that is still in use today. Though there may be a few changes. The general idea is the same. Today almost every country uses the basic principles of the Mayans calendar in theirs today.
  • Ch.17 - Modern Day - U.S.A - Medieval Social Hierarchy

    In the Middle Ages the king and queen is at the top Today that would be people in high ranking roles in the government and the rich elite . Then we have nobles. Nobles may be the upper class that earn more. Knights may be the middle class or the army. And peasants are those in poverty or lower class.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    -500 BCE

    Ch.3 - Early Fertlie Crescent People

    Akkaddians, Sumerians, Babylonians, Hittites, Kassites, Assyrians, Chaldeans, and Phoenicians
  • Period:
    4,500 BCE
    -400 BCE

    Ch.4 - Ancient Egypt and Kush

    Ancient Egypt lasted 3100 B.C. to 2700 B.C.
    The Old Kingdom lasted from 2700 B.C. to 2200 B.C.
    The Middle Kingdom lasted from 2200 B.C. to 1750 B.C.
    The New Kingdom lasted from 1550 B.C. to 1050 B.C.
    The Kushite Kingdom lasted from 2000 B.C. to 300 A.D.
  • Period:
    2,300 BCE

    Ch.5 - Ancient India

    In 2300 B.C. The Harappan civilization was developed.
    In 1500 B.C. The Aryans Migrate Into India.
    In 320 B.C. Candragupta Maurya formed the Mauryan empire which took control of Northern India.
    In 320 A.D. The Gupta Society was formed which reunited India.
  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    -500 BCE

    Ch.8 - Ancient Greece

    The Minoans were the first people to live on Greece though they weren't considered Greek. They span from 2000 B.C. to 1400 B.C.
    The Mycenaeans were the second people to live on Greece, but they were the first to be considered Greek. They span from 1600 B.C. to 1200 B.C.
  • Period:
    1,600 BCE

    Ch.6 - Ancient China

    From 1500 B.C. To 1050 B.C.The Shang Dynasty ruled over China. The Shang Dynasty is the first Dynasty we have solid proof for.
    From 1050 B.C. To 400 B.C.The Zhou Dynasty ruled over China. They overthrew the Shang Dynasty to become the longest lasting dynasty in Chinese history
    From 221 B.C. To 206 B.C.The Qin dynasty ruled over China. The Qin Dynasty unified all of China, but was the shortest lasting dynasty.
  • Period:
    -753 BCE
    -27 BCE

    Ch.10 - The Roman Republic

    The Roman Empire lasted from 753 B.C. - 27 B.C.
    A republic was established from 509 B.C. - 270 B.C.
    Political crisis struck Rome from 270 B.C. - 100 B.C.
  • Period:
    -550 BCE
    -30 BCE

    Ch.9 - The Greek World

    In 550 B.C. Cyrus the Great founded the Persian empire which lasted from 550 B.C. to 330 B.C.
    The Macedonian empire lasted from 360 B.C. to 30 B.C.
  • Period:
    -500 BCE

    Ch.13 - Early African Civilizations

    In AD 300 the Soninke grouped together for protection and started the beginning of Ghana until it collapsed around AD 1200.
    In AD 1200 An empire named Mali started until around 1500 it collapsed.
    In AD 1400 the Songhai empires rebelled against Mali and got freedom. In around AD 1600 it fell to Morocco.
    In AD 1000 Great Zimbabwe was founded and fell around 1500
  • Period:
    -500 BCE

    Ch.16 - The Early Americas

    The Mayans lasted from 200 - 1500
    The Aztecs lasted from 1325 - 1521
    The Incans lasted from around 1400 - 1537
  • Period:
    -50 BCE

    Ch.11 - Rome and Christianity

    The period of Rome’s peace called Pax Romana lasted from 50 B.C. to 180 A.D.
    Rome’s period of expansion was from 100 B.C. to 117 A.D.
    The spread of Christianity lasted from 300 A.D. to 400 A.D.
    Invasions hit the empire from 340 A.D. to 500 A.D.
  • Period:


    The Franks lasted from 480 to 1000
    Invaders attacked Europe from 800 to 1000
    Feudalism lasted from 1000 to 1500
  • Period:

    Ch.12 - The Islamic World

    On 550 Prophet Muhammad was born until he died on 632.
    In the mid 1200s the Ottoman Empire arose consisting of Muslim Turkish warriors.
    Around 1500 an empire called the Safavid empire arose consisting of Persian Muslims.
    Around 1500 the Mughal empire arose in India consisting of Turkish Muslims from Central Asia.
  • Period:

    Ch.15 - Japan

    The Yamato was the first Empire in Japan they ruled from 550 to 710
    Shoguns then ruled Japan from 1192 to 1868
    The Minamoto clan took over from 1192 and other important shoguns include Tokugawa Leyasu who’s family ruled from 1600 to 1868
  • Period:

    Ch.14 - China

    The Sui lasted from 589 to 618
    The Tang lasted from 618 to 918
    The Song lasted from 960 to 1279
    The Yuan lasted from 1279 to 1368
    The Ming lasted from 1368 to 1644